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Russian Americans in New York City

"Little Russia" in Brighton Beach, Brooklyn

New York City is home to the largest Russian and Russian-speaking population in the Western Hemisphere. The largest Russian-American communities in New York City are located in Brighton Beach and Sheepshead Bay in Brooklyn. Brighton Beach has been nicknamed Little Odessa due to its population of Russian-speaking immigrants from Ukraine and Russia.[1]

HistoryEdit

The first Russian immigrants to the United States arrived during the late 1800s. During the Russian Revolution of 1917, the "First Wave" of Russians made their way to New York City, most of them moving to Hamilton Heights, Manhattan, and other sections of New York City. The so-called "Third Wave" of Russians were mostly Russian (Soviet) Jews, who migrated during the 1970s to Brighton Beach. Then after this third wave of Russian immigrants, largely Russian Jews, throughout the 1970s[2] Brighton Beach had a re-growth, after being a neglected area of Brooklyn. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, is the "Fourth Wave" of Russians, with an increase of various ethnic Russians and Russian Christians who immigrated to the United States with the largest number going to the New York metropolitan area. Majority of the Russian Americans who considered Brighton Beach their home, began to migrate out to Suburbia tri state area during the 1990's.

DemographicsEdit

The New York Tri-State area has a population of 1.6 million Russian-Americans and 600,000 of them live in New York City.[3] There are over 220,000 Russian-speaking Jews living in New York City.[4] Approximately 100,000 Russian Americans in the New York metropolitan area were born in Russia.[5]

New York City also has a large population of immigrants born in Central Asia, Ukraine, Belarus, and other ex-Soviet states. Most of the Central Asian immigrants are from Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan,[6] and due to their Soviet influence, most of them speak the Russian language.[7]

The New York metropolitan area continues to be by far the leading metropolitan gateway for Russian immigrants into the United States. In 2013, 1,974 individuals immigrated to the New York–Northern New Jersey–Long Island statistical area from Russia alone, not including immigrants from other previous Soviet bloc countries;[6] in 2012, this number was 2,286;[8] 1,435 in 2011;[9] and 1,283 in 2010.[10] These numbers do not include the remainder of the New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area. Brighton Beach, Brooklyn continues to be the most important demographic and cultural center for the Russian American experience. However, as Russian Americans have climbed in socioeconomic status, the diaspora from Russia and other former Soviet-bloc states has moved toward more affluent parts of the New York metropolitan area, notably Bergen County, New Jersey. Within Bergen County, the increasing size of the Russian immigrant presence in its hub of Fair Lawn prompted a 2014 April Fool's satire titled, "Putin Moves Against Fair Lawn".[11]

PoliticsEdit

As of 2012 Russians generally back the Republican Party.[12]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Everything Guide to Brighton Beach". New York. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
  2. ^ "New Generation Of Russians Making Its Mark". The Jewish Week. Retrieved 2014-02-04. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  3. ^ "Russian American Demographics". Améredia Incorporated. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
  4. ^ "Aided by Orthodox, City's Jewish Population Is Growing Again". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
  5. ^ Jie Zong and Jeanne Batalova (April 14, 2016). "U.S. Immigrant Population by Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), 2010-2014 - Russia". Migration Policy Institute. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Persons Obtaining Lawful Permanent Resident Status by Leading Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) of Residence and Region and Country of Birth: Fiscal Year 2013". Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2013. Department of Homeland Security. 2013. Archived from the original on May 1, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  7. ^ Larson, Michael, Bingling Liao, Ariel Stulberg and Anna Kordunsky. "Changing Face of Brighton Beach Central Asians Join Russian Jews in Brooklyn Neighborhood." The Jewish Daily Forward. September 17, 2012. Retrieved on February 4, 2014.
  8. ^ "Persons Obtaining Legal Permanent Resident Status by Leading Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) of Residence and Region and Country of Birth: Fiscal Year 2012". Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012. Department of Homeland Security. 2012. Archived from the original on December 22, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. ^ "Persons Obtaining Legal Permanent Resident Status by Leading Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) of Residence and Region and Country of Birth: Fiscal Year 2011". Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011. Department of Homeland Security. 2011. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  10. ^ "Persons Obtaining Legal Permanent Resident Status by Leading Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) of Residence and Region and Country of Birth: Fiscal Year 2010". Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2010. Department of Homeland Security. 2010. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  11. ^ Matt Rooney (April 1, 2014). "Putin Moves Against Fair Lawn". Save Jersey. Retrieved March 19, 2016. In a move certain to carry dire geopolitical consequences for the world, the Russian Federation has moved troops into the 32,000-person borough of Fair Lawn, New Jersey, only days after annexing Crimea and strengthening its troop positions along the Ukrainian border.
  12. ^ Berger, Joseph (May 9, 2012). "Among Russian Immigrants in New York, Affinity for Republicans". The New York Times. Retrieved September 14, 2019.

External linksEdit