Russeifa, also spelled Russiefa, (Arabic: الرصيفة) is a city in Zarqa Governorate in Jordan. It had a population of 472,604 inhabitants in 2015,[2] making it the fourth-largest city in Jordan, after Amman, Irbid, and Zarqa.

مدينة الرصيفة
The city of Russeifa
The city of Russeifa
Official seal of Russeifa
Russeifa is located in Jordan
Location in Jordan
Coordinates: 32°1′4″N 36°2′47″E / 32.01778°N 36.04639°E / 32.01778; 36.04639
Country Jordan
GovernorateZarqa Governorate
Municipality established1957
 • TypeMunicipality
 • MayorOsama Haimour
 • City15 sq mi (38 km2)
2,300 ft (700 m)
 • City280,000
 • Metro
 • Metro density40,000/sq mi (15,000/km2)
Time zoneUTC+3
Area code+(962)5

Geography Edit

The city of Russeifa is located in the Central region of Jordan, in the Zarqa River basin, on the Amman-Zarqa highway. Amman, Zarqa, and Russeifa form one large metropolitan area, the second-largest metropolitan area in the Levant, after Damascus. Administratively, the city belongs to Zarqa Governorate.

Demographics Edit

The Jordan National Census of 2004 showed the population of Russeifa as 268,237.[3] The female to male ratio was 48.46% to 51.54%. Jordanian citizens made up 89.6% of Russeifa's population.

Districts of Metropolitan Russeifa Edit

The metropolitan area is divided into five districts as follows:

Districts of Russeifa metropolitan
District Arabic Name Area (Km2
Hitteen District منطقة حطين 6.51
Ameriyya District منطقة العامرية 5.0
Yarmouk District منطقة اليرموك 3.0
Qadessiyya District منطقة القادسية 4.0
Rasheed District منطقة الرشيد 8.0

Economy Edit

The city has been known for phosphate mining since 1935, when deposits were discovered by Amin Kamel Kawar.[4] The Jordan Phosphate Mines company, founded by Kawar, operates and runs the phosphate mines in Russeifa.

Many heavy industries are based in Russeifa due to its location between the two large cities of Amman and Zarqa, and due to the presence of the Zarqa River.[citation needed]

References Edit

  1. ^ Russeifa City website
  2. ^ "The General Census - 2015" (PDF). Department of Population Statistics.
  3. ^ "2004 Census" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-22.
  4. ^ "Amin K. Kawar".