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Rumailah (Arabic: ٱلرٌّمَيْلَة‎) is an archaeological site in Al Ain, UAE,[1] as well as the site of a thick-walled coral and adobe fort, thought to date to the early 20th century.[3]

Al Rumailah Fort By Eng. Fadi Fayyadh Al Toubeh - panoramio.jpg
Al-Rumailah Fort
LocationAl Ain, Eastern Region of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, the UAE
Coordinates24°16′37″N 55°45′32″E / 24.27694°N 55.75889°E / 24.27694; 55.75889Coordinates: 24°16′37″N 55°45′32″E / 24.27694°N 55.75889°E / 24.27694; 55.75889
Foundedc. 1,100-500 BCE[1][2]
CulturesUmm Al-Nar[1][2]
Site notes
Public accessYes

Located three kilometres west of Hili Archaeological Park, the rectangular mound at Rumailah is thought to have been home to populations dating back to the late Umm Al-Nar period, yielding buildings and artefacts from a more recent, major Iron Age II settlement dated from around 1,100-500 BCE.[1][2]


Finds at Rumailah include distinctive pottery adorned with snake patterns, similar to finds at Qusais, Masafi and the major Iron and Bronze Ages; metallurgical production centre at Saruq Al Hadid, as well as chlorite vessels decorated with turtles alternating with trees, similar to finds from Qidfa' in Fujairah, Qusais in Dubai and Al-Hajar in Bahrain. A number of Iron Age swords and axe-heads, as well as distinctive seal moulds, were also recovered from the site. A number of bronze arrowheads were also found at the site. The Iron Age buildings found at Rumailah are typical of those found in the region, at Iron Age I and II sites such as Al Thuqeibah and Muweilah, with a number of row dwellings, although lacking the perimeter walls found at Thuqeibah.[4] A columned hall at Rumailah provides a further link to Muwailah, while a number of pyramidal seals found at Rumailah find an echo with similar objects discovered at Bidaa bint Saud.[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d Salama, Samir (2011-12-30). "Al Ain bears evidence of a culture's ability to adapt". Gulf News. Retrieved 2018-08-07.
  2. ^ a b c d Potts, Daniel T.; Nābūdah, Ḥasan Muḥammad; Hellyer, Peter (2003). Archaeology of the United Arab Emirates. London: Trident Press. p. 188. ISBN 190072488X. OCLC 54405078.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  3. ^ User, Super. " - Al Rumailah Fort". (in Dutch). Retrieved 2018-08-07.
  4. ^ Potts, Daniel T.; Nābūdah, Ḥasan Muḥammad; Hellyer, Peter (2003). Archaeology of the United Arab Emirates. London: Trident Press. pp. 174–177. ISBN 1-9007-2488-X. OCLC 54405078.