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Rui'an (Chinese: 瑞安; pinyin: Ruì'ān, Wenzhounese: zy iu) is a county-level city along the southern coast of Zhejiang province, China, and is under the administration of Wenzhou City. It has a population of 1,125,000 people and covers a land area of 1,271 km2 (491 sq mi), 3,037 km2 (1,173 sq mi) when including water area. Natives of the city speak the Rui'an dialect of Wu Chinese.

Rui'an

瑞安市

Juian
Rui'an
Rui'an
Rui'an is located in Zhejiang
Rui'an
Rui'an
Location in Zhejiang
Coordinates: 27°47′00″N 120°37′30″E / 27.78333°N 120.62500°E / 27.78333; 120.62500Coordinates: 27°47′00″N 120°37′30″E / 27.78333°N 120.62500°E / 27.78333; 120.62500
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceZhejiang
Prefecture-level cityWenzhou
Area
 • Total1,271 km2 (491 sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s)0577

Rui'an was recognized as the fourteenth development zone by the state department in 1987. Rui'an is also one of the top 100 cities for economic growth in China, and the people in Ruian are comparatively prosperous. There 32 towns and villages under the administration of Rui'an city. In 1988, Ruian was listed by the State Council as one of the first counties and cities opening to the outside world, as well as one of the trial counties and cities for comprehensive economic reforms.[1]

HistoryEdit

 
Rui'an (labeled as JUI-AN 瑞安) (1953)

Rui'an, also known as Meitou, has a history which goes back to about 2000 BC, when it became known for its machine production. The historic city began its trade and commerce in ancient times and saw busy streets and flourishing businesses. In the 2nd century BC it was called the Kingdom of Dong'ou. Under the Tang Dynasty, it was promoted to prefecture status and given its current name in 675 AD.[2]

EconomyEdit

Rui'an has been a rich and prosperous city since ancient times. However, it was not until the practice of economic reform and opening that Rui'an regained its momentum. The people of Rui'an have been pioneers in many fields, especially in the development of China's market economy in the form of joint-stock system.

They set up the household contract responsibility system which would encourage the citizens to take lead in the household industries, and they tried their best to sell their products. Consequently, Rui'an experienced fast economic development. The government induced the rural entrepreneurs and shareholders to cooperate effectively. Many kinds of economic systems have been introduced in Rui'an, making regional development speedier. One such system is the famous “Wenzhou Pattern“, which became well known both in China and abroad.

In 2005, Rui'an ranked 39th place in comprehensive economic strength among the first 100 counties and cities of china. In the 20 square kilometer economic development zone at the provincial level, there is enthusiasm for capital investment in building Rui'an into a new urban area with comprehensive development of industry, trade, science and technology. Rui'an is also known for its production of plastics and auto accessories.[3]

TransportationEdit

The infrastructure of Rui'an has improved, with an ever-quickening pace of urbanization. Now, it has modernized traffic control, transportation and communication systems. The Wenzhou Yongqiang Airport, a 10,000-ton seaport and the local railway station are each less than 30 kilometers from the city proper. The coastal highway and the No. 104 state highway which run through the city, and the Rui'an station on the Wenzhou–Fuzhou railway are a few significant examples of developments in transportation in Rui'an.[4]

ResourcesEdit

As a coastal city, Rui'an is rich in natural resources and has several salt mines. Situated about 100 nautical miles away from the estuary of Feiyunjiang, there lies the seabed rich in crude oil and natural gas, which are now being prospected and planned to be excavated.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 基本概况. http://www.ruian.gov.cn/zjra/. Retrieved November 30, 2016. External link in |website= (help)
  2. ^ 历史人文. http://www.ruian.gov.cn/zjra/. Retrieved November 30, 2016. External link in |website= (help)
  3. ^ "社会经济". www.ruian.gov.cn. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  4. ^ "地理交通". http://www.ruian.gov.cn/zjra/. Retrieved November 30, 2016. External link in |website= (help)
  5. ^ 自然资源. http://www.ruian.gov.cn/zjra/. Retrieved November 30, 2016. External link in |website= (help)