Rudston Roman villa is a Roman villa and scheduled monument near Rudston, East Riding of Yorkshire.[1]

Rudston Roman villa
The Rudston Venus mosaic
Rudston Roman villa is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
Rudston Roman villa
Location within East Riding of Yorkshire
General information
Architectural styleRomano-British Villa
LocationRudston, East Riding of Yorkshire, England
CountryUnited Kingdom
Coordinates54°05′05″N 0°20′10″W / 54.084787°N 0.33613497°W / 54.084787; -0.33613497
Construction startedc.3rd century

Villa edit

The site was first discovered in 1838 by farm worker. In 1933 the 'Venus mosaic' was discovered by the landowner and farmer H. Robson whilst ploughing.[2]

The primary phase of the villa dates to the 3rd–4th centuries AD. It is a courtyard villa, with mosaics and a small bath house on the east side. The site has some evidence for a 1st–2nd century AD rectangular enclosure and an earlier Iron Age settlement beneath it.[3]

The site is listed on the heritage at risk register as having 'extensive significant problems' and is vulnerable from plough damage.[4]

Mosaics edit

H. Robson retained the mosaics he discovered in the ground, and built a shed over them to display them to the public. By the 1960s frost damage was causing the mosaics to deteriorate and they were transferred to the Hull and East Riding Museum where they have been on display since 1963.[2] The 'Charioteer mosaic' was found in excavations in 1971; it depicts a quadriga and dates to the 4th century AD.[5]

References edit

  1. ^ Historic England. "Roman villa site (1005222)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  2. ^ a b "The Story of the Rudston Mosaics". Hull Museums Collections. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 79473". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  4. ^ "Roman villa site, Rudston - East Riding of Yorkshire (UA)". Heritage at Risk Register (Historic England). Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  5. ^ "Rudston Charioteer Mosaic". BBC: A History of the World. 2010. Retrieved 17 October 2020.