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Rudolph I of Burgundy

Rudolph I (859 – October 25, 912) was King of Upper Burgundy from his election in 888 until his death.

Rudolph I of Burgundy
Born 859
Died (912-10-25)25 October 912
Spouse Guilla of Provence
House Elder House of Welf
Father Conrad II of Auxerre
Mother Waldrada of Worms

Rudolph belonged to the elder Welf family and was the son of Conrad, Count of Auxerre and Waldrada of Worms.[1] From his father he inherited the lay abbacy of St Maurice en Valais,[2] making him the most powerful magnate in Upper Burgundy - present-day western Switzerland and the Franche-Comté.

After the deposition and death of Charles the Fat, the nobles and leading clergy of Upper Burgundy met at St Maurice and elected Rudolph as king.[3] Apparently on the basis of this election, Rudolph claimed the whole of Lotharingia, taking much of modern Lorraine and Alsace - but his claim was contested by Arnulf of Carinthia, the new king of East Francia or Germany, who rapidly forced Rudolph to abandon Lotharingia in return for recognition as king of Burgundy. However, hostilities between Rudolph and Arnulf seem to have continued intermittently until 894.

Rudolph's relationships with his other neighbours were friendlier. His sister Adelaide married Richard the Justiciar, duke of Burgundy (the present day Burgundy, part of west Francia).[4] His daughter, Adelaide, married Louis the Blind of Provence (Lower Burgundy), and his daughter Willa married Boso of Tuscany.

Rudolph was succeeded as king of Burgundy by his son, Rudolph II.[1] Rudolf I's widow, queen Guilla, married in 912 Hugh of Arles.

This Rudolph is frequently confused with his nephew Rudolph of France, who was the second duke of Burgundy and ninth king of France.


  1. ^ a b Jackman 2008, p. 14.
  2. ^ Wood 2006, p. 320.
  3. ^ Riché 1993, p. 221.
  4. ^ Riché 1993, p. Table 5.


  • Jackman, Donald C. (2008). Ius hereditarium Encountered II: Approaches to Reginlint. Editions Enlaplage.
  • Riché, Pierre (1993). The Carolingians: A Family Who Forged Europe. Translated by Allen, Michael Idomir. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 978-0-8122-1342-3.
  • Reuter, Timothy (1991). Germany in the early middle ages, c. 800-1056. Addison-Wesley Longman Ltd. ISBN 0-582-49034-0.
  • Wood, Susan (2006). The Proprietary Church in the Medieval West. Oxford University Press.
Rudolph I of Burgundy
Born: 859 Died: 25 October 912
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles the Fat
as King of Eastern Francia
King of Burgundy
888 – 25 October 912
Succeeded by
Rudolph II