Rudna, Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Rudna [ˈrudna] (German: Raudten) is a village in Lubin County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. It is the seat of the administrative district (gmina) called Gmina Rudna. Prior to 1945 it was in Germany. It lies approximately 14 kilometres (9 mi) north of Lubin and 69 km (43 mi) north-west of the regional capital Wrocław.
The place was originally called Nowa Ruda (New Rudna) - Old Polish ruda meaning ore - to distinguish it from the neighbouring small village of Stara Rudna (Old Rudna). Originated about 1280 it was not mentioned before 1347 in a deed of Charles IV of Luxemburg, at this time King of Bohemia, as a town within the Duchy of Ścinawa (Steinau). Most of the German population fled, when the Red Army approached the locality at the end of January 1945, the remaining Germans were expelled until June. They were replaced by Poles deported from the Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union (Kresy). The place lost its town rights and became part of the former Legnica Voivodeship.
The village has a population of 1,300.
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