Ruda Śląska [ˈruda ˈɕlɔ̃ska] (listen) (German: Ruda O.S.; Silesian: Ślōnskŏ Ruda) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice. It is a district in the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, a metropolis with a population of 2 million. It is located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Kłodnica river (tributary of the Oder).
Niedurnego Street in Ruda Śląska
|• Mayor||Grażyna Dziedzic|
|• City||77.73 km2 (30.01 sq mi)|
(31 December 2018)
|• City||138,000 (26th)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
41-700 to 41-718
|Area code(s)||+48 32|
|Car plates||SRS, SL|
It has been part of the Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999. Previously, it was in Katowice Voivodeship, and before then, part of the Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship. Ruda Śląska is one of the cities in the Katowice urban area (population 2.7 million) and within the greater Silesian metropolitan area (population 5,294,000). The population of the city is 138,000 (December 2018).
A large village is known to have existed at the location of the present day city center in 1243. The city name appears to indicate the awareness and perhaps exploitation of ores from early times.
The area underwent rapid industrialization (coal, steel, zinc) in the 19th and the beginning of 20th century. However, it remained a cluster of industrial settlements and villages until the 1950s, when it was administratively united. However, it never developed into a truly unified city.
After the fall of communism in 1989, the significant heavy industry was largely scaled down or restructured. The area has been transforming to a service-based economy. The well-known still operating coal mine is "Halemba".
Since 2007, Ruda Śląska has been a member of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, the largest legally recognized urban area in Poland.
Transport and infrastructureEdit
Since 1950, Ruda Śląska is the site of a transmission facility, which was used from 1950 to 1988 for medium-wave radio broadcasting.
- Zgoda Ruda Śląska - women's handball team playing in Polish Ekstraklasa Women's Handball League: Polish Cup winner 2004; 6th place in 2003/2004 season.
Rugby Club IGLOO Ruda Śląska – men's rugby team playing in Polish Ekstraliga Rugby Seven's
The city of Ruda Śląska is divided into the following subdivisions:
- Marcin Baszczynski (born 1977), Polish footballer
- Günter Bialas (1907–1995), German composer
- Paweł Cyganek (1913–1995), Polish footballer
- Karl Godulla (1781–1848), German industrialist
- Otylia Jędrzejczak (born 1983), Polish Olympic gold medalist and world record-holder in swimming
- Kasia Moś (born 1987), Polish singer and songwriter, she represented Poland At the Eurovision Song Contest 2017
- Ernest Pohl (1932–1995), Polish footballer
- Artur Sobiech (born 1990), Polish footballer
- Erwin Wilczek (born 1940), Polish footballer
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