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Rubus pensilvanicus, known commonly as Pennsylvania blackberry, is a prickly bramble native to eastern and central North America from Newfoundland south to Georgia, west as far as Ontario, Minnesota, Nebraska, and Arkansas. The species is also established as a naturalized plant in California.[2][3]

Rubus pensilvanicus
Rubus pensilvanicus flowers.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Rubus
Species:
R. pensilvanicus
Binomial name
Rubus pensilvanicus
Poir. 1804
Synonyms[1]
  • Rubus abactus L.H.Bailey

Rubus pensilvanicus is a prickly shrub up to 3 meters (10 feet) tall. The canes are green at first but then turn dark red, usually ridged, with copious straight prickles. The leaves are palmately compound, usually bearing 5 or 7 leaflets. The flowers are white with large petals, borne in mid-spring. The fruits are large aggregates of 10-100 black drupelets, somewhat sweet and often used for jams and jellies.[4]

The genetics of Rubus is extremely complex, making it difficulty to separate the group into species. What some authors group together as R. pensilvanicus other authors split into as many as 50 or 60 species.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Rubus pensilvanicus". Richard Pankhurst et al. Royal Botanic Gardens Edinburgh – via The Plant List.CS1 maint: others (link)
  2. ^ "Rubus pensilvanicus". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
  3. ^ Calflora taxon report, University of California, Rubus pensilvanicus Poiret, Pennsylvania blackberry
  4. ^ a b Alice, Lawrence A.; Goldman, Douglas H.; Macklin, James A.; Moore, Gerry (2014). "Rubus pensilvanicus". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 9. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

External linksEdit