Roza Popova

Ruska Mihaylova Manuilova (1879–1949) or better known as her stage pseudonym – Roza Popova, was a Bulgarian Actor and theater director and the wife of the Bulgarian writer Chicho Stoyan.

Roza Popova
Роза Попова
BASA-914K-2-107-1-Roza Popova (crop).jpg
Photograph of Roza Popova in 1939, image source: DA Archives
Ruska Mihaylova Manuilova

1879 (1879)
Sofia, Bulgaria
DiedApril 11, 1949(1949-04-11) (aged 69–70)
Mezdra, Bulgaria
Spouse(s)Stoyan Popov


Early life and debutEdit

Roza Popova was born in Sofia, Bulgaria in 1879. She married in secret a little past her 16th birthday.

She studied theatrical arts under the direction of Konstantin Sapunov. During her high school education, she found her passion of acting and joined the traveling theatrical troupe "Zora". In 1897, Roza Popova makes her debut with her role of Sophia in "Iskreno Priyatelstvo" by Sardu in Veliko Tarnovo, the old capital of Bulgaria.

However, official records state that her first major role and debut was in the play by Victor HugoLucrezia Borgia (play) in the role of Lucrezia, with the collaboration of the most successful Bulgarian troupe – "Salza i Smyah".[1] She then proceeded to play in the troupe alongside her husband, leading the troupe herself between 1900 and 1902. Afterward, she joined the Croatian troupe of M. Stoikovich.[2]

Middle yearsEdit

In 1900 she was stalked by her admirer Todor Bogdanov, who was her teacher from Vratsa. On January 20, 1903, he shot her and himself, and died. She regained her strength despite the bad wound. She was also released from the service of the theater in the same year.

In the period between 1904 and 1906, she joined the troupe in Plovdiv.

The next town she went to was Vienna, where she studied literature and medicine in the Vienna University. During 1910 she was appointed as the first director in the Ruse theater.

In 1918 she founded her own theater "Roza Popova".[3][4]

Theater rolesEdit

Major theatre roles in which Roza Popova acted:

In 1926, Teodor Trayanov devotes a poem "Skitnishki napev" to her.[5]


  1. ^ Ent︠s︡iklopedii︠a︡ na bŭlgarskii︠a︡ teatŭr : aktʹori, rezhisʹori, dramaturzi, st︠s︡enografi, kompozitori, pedagozi, khoreografi, kritit︠s︡i, teatri, institut︠s︡ii, pechat. Kristina Tosheva, Кристина. Тошева (2. prer. i dop. izd ed.). [Sofii︠a︡]: Trud. 2008. ISBN 978-954-528-771-8. OCLC 317711691.CS1 maint: others (link)
  2. ^ "Актрисата Роза Попова простреляна от ревност". September 7, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2021.
  3. ^ Goli︠a︡ma ent︠s︡iklopedii︠a︡ Bŭlgarii︠a︡. Vasil Gi︠u︡zelev, Elka Bakalova, Anton Donchev, Vasil Golemanski, Evgeni Golovinski, Neno Dimov. Sofii︠a︡. 2011–2012. ISBN 978-954-8104-23-4. OCLC 770694827.CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ Научноинформационен център "Българска енциклопедия". Голяма енциклопедия "България". Том 9. Sofia: Книгоиздателска къща „Труд". 2012. pp. с. 3524 – 3525. ISBN 9789548104319.
  5. ^ "Теодор Траянов — Скитнишки напев". Моята библиотека (in Bulgarian). Retrieved June 4, 2021.