Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital
The Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital (the Eye and Ear) is a specialist public teaching hospital in East Melbourne, Australia. It is the only hospital in Australia which specialises in both ophthalmology and otolaryngology.
|Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital|
|Location||East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
|Affiliated university||University of Melbourne|
La Trobe University
|Patron||Anthony Howard QC|
|Network||Inner and Eastern Healthcare Network|
|Speciality||Ophthalmology and otolaryngology|
The hospital was established as the Eye and Ear Infirmary in 1863, by Andrew Sexton Gray, an Irish medical practitioner who had emigrated to Victoria. Dr Gray founded the infirmary due to the prevalence of eye and ear diseases at the time, particularly amongst miners on the Victorian gold fields, and also due to poor standards of sanitation and hygiene. In 1870, Gray's infirmary merged with Ophthalmic and Orthopaedic Institution operated by Aubrey Bowen and Ewin Jones, and in 1878 the hospital was granted valuable land by the Victorian government in what was called Tank Reserve in East Melbourne.
In 1978, the Eye and Ear was the site of a pioneering operation to install the world's first multi-channel cochlear implant (Bionic Ear), developed by Graeme Clark. Professor Clark subsequently established the Bionic Ear Institute at the hospital, and one of the laneways through the hospital site was named Bionic Ear Lane to commemorate the research and development by Clark and his team.
As of 2013[update], the RVEEH has 30 inpatient beds, and a 10-bed Medihotel. In one year, the hospital treats about 180,000 outpatients, admits about 13,000 inpatients, and performs around 14,000 surgeries. The Emergency Department operates 24 hours a day, and handles around 47,000 presentations a year of which approximately 80 per cent are ophthalmology (eye) cases.
Geography and redevelopmentEdit
The hospital comprises three wings: the Aubrey Bowen Wing (built in 1896), the Peter Howson Wing (built in 1974) and the Smorgon Family Wing (commissioned in 1987). There is a tunnel underneath Victoria Parade which links the Eye and Ear to St Vincent's Hospital.
In November 2012, the Victorian Government announced that the hospital would undergo a A$165,000,000 redevelopment, due to be completed in 2018.
- Dr Andrew Sexton Gray – Founder 1863–1907, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, 2013.
- Royal Victorian Eye & Ear Hospital, Aubrey Bowen Wing, 126 - 142 Victoria Pde, East Melbourne, VIC, Australia, Australian Heritage Database, Department of the Environment.
- Australian Inventor Of The 'Bionic Ear' Conducts The World's First Cochlear Implant Operation, 80 Days That Changed Our Lives, ABC.
- What's in a Name? The lanes of East Melbourne, East Melbourne Historical Society.
- Senior Medical Officer in Ophthalmology 2013 – Information Package, Mercury Hospital Recruitment, 2013.
- The Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Open House Melbourne, 2013.