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Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital

The Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital (the Eye and Ear) is a specialist public teaching hospital in East Melbourne, Australia. It is the only hospital in Australia which specialises in both ophthalmology and otolaryngology.

Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital
Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital.jpg
Geography
LocationEast Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Coordinates37°48′32.8″S 144°58′34.6″E / 37.809111°S 144.976278°E / -37.809111; 144.976278Coordinates: 37°48′32.8″S 144°58′34.6″E / 37.809111°S 144.976278°E / -37.809111; 144.976278
Organisation
Care systemMedicare
Hospital typeTeaching
Affiliated universityUniversity of Melbourne
La Trobe University
PatronAnthony Howard QC
NetworkInner and Eastern Healthcare Network
Services
Emergency departmentYes
Beds30
SpecialityOphthalmology and otolaryngology
History
Founded1863
Links
Websitewww.eyeandear.org.au

Contents

HistoryEdit

The hospital was established as the Eye and Ear Infirmary in 1863, by Andrew Sexton Gray, an Irish medical practitioner who had emigrated to Victoria. Dr Gray founded the infirmary due to the prevalence of eye and ear diseases at the time, particularly amongst miners on the Victorian gold fields, and also due to poor standards of sanitation and hygiene.[1] In 1870, Gray's infirmary merged with Ophthalmic and Orthopaedic Institution operated by Aubrey Bowen and Ewin Jones, and in 1878 the hospital was granted valuable land by the Victorian government in what was called Tank Reserve in East Melbourne.[2]

In 1978, the Eye and Ear was the site of a pioneering operation to install the world's first multi-channel cochlear implant (Bionic Ear), developed by Graeme Clark.[3] Professor Clark subsequently established the Bionic Ear Institute at the hospital, and one of the laneways through the hospital site was named Bionic Ear Lane to commemorate the research and development by Clark and his team.[4]

StatisticsEdit

As of 2013, the RVEEH has 30 inpatient beds, and a 10-bed Medihotel. In one year, the hospital treats about 180,000 outpatients, admits about 13,000 inpatients, and performs around 14,000 surgeries. The Emergency Department operates 24 hours a day, and handles around 47,000 presentations a year of which approximately 80 per cent are ophthalmology (eye) cases.[5]

Geography and redevelopmentEdit

The hospital comprises three wings: the Aubrey Bowen Wing (built in 1896), the Peter Howson Wing (built in 1974) and the Smorgon Family Wing (commissioned in 1987). There is a tunnel underneath Victoria Parade which links the Eye and Ear to St Vincent's Hospital.[6]

In November 2012, the Victorian Government announced that the hospital would undergo a A$165,000,000 redevelopment, due to be completed in 2018.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit