The Royal Regina Rifles is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army. Prior to 1982 the regiment was known as The Regina Rifle Regiment. The Royal Regina Rifles are part of 3rd Canadian Division's 38 Canadian Brigade Group.
|The Royal Regina Rifles|
|Part of||38 Canadian Brigade Group|
|Motto(s)||Latin: Celer et audax, lit. 'Swift and bold'|
|Colours||Rifle green with scarlet facings (full dress and mess dress)|
|March||Quick March: "Lützow's Wild Hunt"|
Double Past: "Keel Row"
|Engagements||First World War|
Second World War
War in Afghanistan
|Battle honours||See #Battle honours|
|LCol Kyle Clapperton CD|
|Colonel-in-chief||The Princess Royal|
|Honorary colonel||Colonel (retired) Randy Brooks CD|
|Honorary lieutenant-colonel||Susan Barber KC|
The regiment was nicknamed "The Johns" during World War II because of the high proportion of "Farmer Johns" in its ranks.
The Royal Regina RiflesEdit
- Originated 3 July 1905 in Regina, Saskatchewan when a "regiment of infantry in the districts of Assiniboia and Saskatchewan" was authorized
- Redesignated 2 April 1907 as the 95th Regiment
- Redesignated 1 May 1908 as a rifle regiment
- Redesignated 1 June 1909 as two separate regiments, designated the 105th Regiment (now The North Saskatchewan Regiment) and the 95th Regiment
- Redesignated 16 September 1913 as the 95th "Saskatchewan Rifles"
- Amalgamated 15 March 1920 with the 60th Rifles of Canada and redesignated as The South Saskatchewan Regiment
- Reorganized 15 May 1924 into five separate regiments: The Weyburn Regiment (now The South Saskatchewan Regiment); The Saskatchewan Border Regiment (now The South Saskatchewan Regiment); The South Saskatchewan Regiment (now The Saskatchewan Dragoons); The Assiniboia Regiment (now the 10th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA); and The Regina Rifle Regiment
- Amalgamated 15 December 1936 with the 'Headquarters' and 'A Company' of the 12th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC and retaining the designation as The Regina Rifle Regiment
- Redesignated 7 November 1940 as the 2nd Battalion, The Regina Rifle Regiment
- Redesignated 4 April 1946 as The Regina Rifle Regiment
- Redesignated 5 July 1982 as The Royal Regina Rifle Regiment
- Redesignated 24 October 1984 as The Royal Regina Rifles
The 60th Rifles of CanadaEdit
- Originated 2 January 1913 in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan as the 60th Rifles of Canada
- Amalgamated 15 March 1920 with the 95th Saskatchewan Rifles
The 12th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGCEdit
- Originated 1 June 1919 in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan as the 12th Machine Gun Brigade, CMGC
- Redesignated 15 September 1924 as the 12th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC
- Amalgamated 15 December 1936 with The Regina Rifle Regiment
Lineage of the Royal Regina Rifles:
The Great WarEdit
Details of the 95th Saskatchewan Rifles were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protective duty.
The 28th Battalion (Northwest), CEF, was authorized on 7 November 1914 and embarked for Britain on 29 May 1915 and arrived in France on 18 September 1915. The 28th Battalion fought as part of the 6th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war. The 28th Battalion disbanded on 30 August 1920.
The 68th Battalion (Regina), CEF, was authorized on 20 April 1915 and embarked for Britain on 28 April 1916, where it provided reinforcements for units in the field until 6 July 1916, when its personnel were absorbed by the 32nd Reserve Battalion, CEF.
The 195th Battalion (City of Regina), CEF, was authorized on 15 July 1916. Based in Regina, Saskatchewan, the unit began recruiting during the winter of 1915/16 in that city. It embarked for Britain on 31 October 1916, where its personnel were absorbed by the 32nd Reserve Battalion, on 11 or 12 November 1916, to provide reinforcements for units the field. Lieutenant-Colonel A. C. Garner commanded the battalion throughout its existence.
Between the WarsEdit
On 15 May 1924, following extensive reorganizations of the Canadian Militia, each of the South Saskatchewan Regiment's battalions became a distinct regiment, and the Regina Rifle Regiment was created from the 1st Battalion. In the 1936 reorganization of the Militia, the Headquarters and A Company of the 12th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC, merged into the Regina Rifles, which existed as a single battalion militia regiment until 1939.
The Second World WarEdit
Details from the regiment were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939 as The Regina Rifle Regiment, CASF (Canadian Active Service Force), for local protection duties. The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940. The regiment subsequently mobilized The Regina Rifle Regiment, CASF, for active service on 24 May 1940. It was redesignated the 1st Battalion, The Regina Rifle Regiment, CASF, on 7 November 1940 and embarked for Britain on 24 August 1941. On D-Day, 6 June 1944, it landed in Normandy, France as part of the 7th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, and it continued to fight in North-West Europe until the end of the war. The 1st Battalion was disbanded on 15 January 1946.
Farmer Johns was their nickname and the name's origin came from other Canadian soldiers dismissing them as "just a bunch of Farmer Johns". They were farmers, students, and fur trappers who served as soldiers of Regina Rifles Regiment of the Canadian military.
The regiment mobilized the 3rd Battalion, The Regina Rifle Regiment, CASF, for active service on 12 May 1942. It was subsequently redesignated the 2nd Airfield Defence Battalion (The Regina Rifle Regiment), CASF, on 19 July 1943 and served in Canada in a home defence role as part of Pacific Command. It was disbanded on 15 November 1943.
On 1 June 1945, a third Active Force component of the regiment, the 4th Battalion, The Regina Rifle Regiment, CIC, CAOF, was mobilized for service with the Canadian Army Occupation Force in Germany. The 4th Battalion was disbanded on 4 April 1946. The 2nd (Reserve) Battalion did not mobilize.
During the Second World War members of the regiment received 14 Military Medals with one bar to that award, seven Distinguished Service Orders, seven Military Cross awards, a British Empire Medal, an Africa Star, three French Croix de Guerre, and a Netherlands Bronze Lion. Many more were Mentioned in Dispatches.
The regiment suffered 458 fatal casualties by 7 May 1945.
Its first taste of combat came in Normandy, landing on Juno Beach on D-Day, during which it was the first Canadian regiment to successfully secure a beachhead. It later faced the 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend, which was almost completely annihilated by the British and Canadian forces. The regiment later entered Caen.
Korea and NATOEdit
In 1946, the regiment reverted to a single-battalion militia regiment.
On 4 May 1951, the regiment mobilized two temporary Active Force companies designated "E" and "F" Company. "E" Company was reduced to nil strength upon its personnel being incorporated into the 1st Canadian Rifle Battalion for service in Germany as part of the 27th Canadian Infantry Brigade on North Atlantic Treaty Organization duty in Germany. "F" Company was initially used as a reinforcement pool for "E" Company. On 15 May 1952, it was reduced to nil strength, upon its personnel being absorbed by the newly formed 2nd Canadian Rifle Battalion for service in Korea with the United Nations. "F" Company was disbanded on 29 July 1953. The 1st and 2nd Canadian Rifle Battalions which became the Regular Force 1st and 2nd Battalions of the Queen's Own Rifles of Canada.
Royal was added to the regimental title on 5 July 1982, and the name was shortened to the Royal Regina Rifles on 24 October 1984.
United Nations missions (1980–2000)Edit
Since the reductions of the Regular Force battalions, the Primary Reserve members of the regiment have augmented the Regular Force units and deployed operationally in support of operations in Cyprus, Former Yugoslavia, and Bosnia.
The regiment contributed an aggregate of more than 20% of its authorized strength to the various Task Forces which served in Afghanistan between 2002 and 2014.
Soldiers of the Royal Regina Rifles contribute to domestic and expeditionary operations on a regular basis.
- Operation Lentus
- Wildfires in Saskatchewan's north threatening life and property of Canadians.
- Operation Reassurance
- NATO's commitment to stability in Eastern Europe.
Freedom of the cityEdit
On 5 September 2015, the largest freedom of the city parade in Regina since the end of the Second World War was exercised by the Royal Regina Rifles. Collaborating with all local military units (HMCS Queen; 10th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA; 38 Signal Regiment; 38 Service Battalion; 16 Field Ambulance; and 15 Wing Moose Jaw) a Canadian Armed Forces Open House was held at the Regina Armoury throughout the day. The culmination of the day was a charity gala dinner entertaining over 315 guests. The patron for the evening was the Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan. The charity raised seed money for a rewrite of the regimental history.
Previous to that a freedom of the city was exercised by the Royal Regina Rifles in Regina on June 4, 2007.
The Great WarEdit
In the list below, battle honours in capitals were awarded for participation in large operations and campaigns, while those in lowercase indicate honours granted for more specific battles. Rifle regiments do not carry colours. They may emblazon their battle honours on regimental appointments such as cap badges. Those battle honours in bold type are authorized to be emblazoned on regimental appointments.
Second World WarEdit
- Up the Johns! The Story of the Royal Regina Rifles by Stewart A.G Mein (1992)
- In the flashback scenes in the film I Confess, where Montgomery Clift is a soldier in World War II, he is wearing a uniform with a "Regina Rifle Regiment Canada" shoulder patch.
Regimental Museum of The Royal Regina RiflesEdit
The Regimental Museum of The Royal Regina Rifles is located in the Regina Armoury in the Saskatchewan Military Museum.
The regimental church is St. Paul's Cathedral in Regina. The colours of units that the Royal Regina Rifles perpetuate hang in perpetuity in the cathedral.
- www.regiments.org - The Royal Regina Rifles
- www.reginarifles.ca - The Regina Rifles in WW II
- Juno Beach - The Regina Rifles on D-Day
- Mein, Stewart A.G. Up The Johns! : The story of the Royal Regina Rifles. [Regina] : Senate of The Royal Regina Rifles, 1992.
- Regina Amoury
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
- ^ "The Royal Regina Rifles". Official Lineages: Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments. Directorate of History and Heritage. October 2010. Retrieved November 24, 2011.
- ^ Meek, John F. Over the Top! The Canadian Infantry in the First World War. Orangeville, Ont.: The Author, 1971.
- ^ Prpick, Sean (4 June 2009). "Remembering the 'Farmer Johns' of the Regina Rifles Regiment". CBC News. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
- ^ "South-West Asia Theatre Honours | Prime Minister of Canada". Archived from the original on 2014-05-12. Retrieved 2014-05-11.
- ^ Government of Canada, National Defence (2015-08-26). "ARCHIVED - Article | Op LENTUS in review". www.army-armee.forces.gc.ca. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
- ^ Freedom of the City
- ^ "South-West Asia Theatre Honours". Office of the Prime Minister of Canada. Archived from the original on 12 May 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2014.