Royal Melbourne Hospital

The Royal Melbourne Hospital (RMH), located in Parkville, Victoria, an inner suburb of Melbourne, is one of Australia's leading public hospitals. It is a major teaching hospital for tertiary health care with a reputation in clinical research. The hospital is managed as part of Melbourne Health which comprises the Royal Melbourne Hospital, North West Dialysis Service and North Western Mental Health. The Melbourne Health Chief Executive is Christine Kilpatrick AO.

Royal Melbourne Hospital
Royal melbourne hospital.jpg
Aerial view of the Royal Melbourne Hospital (centre) with the old Royal Dental Hospital in foreground
LocationParkville, Melbourne, Australia
Care systemPublic
FundingGovernment hospital
Affiliated universityThe University of Melbourne
Emergency departmentYes
Helipad(ICAO: YRMH)
Number Length Surface
ft m
1 aluminium
OpenedMarch 15, 1848 (1848-03-15)[2][3][4][5]
ListsHospitals in Australia

The emergency department is at the City Campus, 300 Grattan Street, Parkville.


1868 wood engraving of the Melbourne Hospital in its original location.

Established in 1848 as the Melbourne Hospital, it was one of Melbourne's leading hospitals.[2] Originally located on the corner of Swanston and Lonsdale Streets, Melbourne in 1935 the hospital was renamed the Royal Melbourne Hospital and, in 1944, it moved to Grattan Street, Parkville by provision of lands in the Royal Melbourne Hospital Act.[6] The old buildings then became home to the Queen Victoria Hospital.

The Royal Women's Hospital was previously located in Carlton, Melbourne. The hospital moved in late 2008 to a new building, the new Royal Women's Hospital, co-located on the Royal Melbourne Hospital site in Parkville.

World War IIEdit

During World War II, the Parkville hospital, which was under construction, was occupied by the US Army 4th General Hospital between 1942 and 1944. While the hospital was under construction a temporary tent hospital was set up by the US Army in Royal Park just north of the hospital. Upon completion of the Parkville hospital the patients were moved progressively into the new accommodation which catered for 2,900 beds.

Royal Melbourne Hospital in 1943
Then-modern interior of Parkville's Royal Melbourne Hospital in 1945.

The Royal Melbourne Hospital continued to operate from their old premises on the corner of Lonsdale and Swanston Streets until the 4th General Hospital moved to Finschhaven in New Guinea in 1944. The Parkville buildings were reconditioned and the Royal Melbourne Hospital finally moved into their "new" premises in December 1944.

Services and specialties providedEdit

The Royal Melbourne Hospital provides acute tertiary referral services at its main site on Grattan Street between Flemington Road and Royal Parade and ancillary services such as aged care, rehabilitation, ambulatory care and residential and community services through its Royal Park site.

It has one of the largest Emergency Departments in Victoria and is, with the Alfred Hospital, one of Victoria's two major trauma referral centres. The emergency facilities include: 2 trauma bays, 7 resuscitation cubicles, 25 general cubical beds and 17 short-stay beds. There is also a helipad on top of the hospital so that urgent cases that need to be airlifted from regional areas can be transferred to the Royal Melbourne.

Most medical and surgical specialties are available at the Royal Melbourne Hospital. It is one of very few public hospitals in the Australasia that routinely performs robotic surgery. In addition, the Victoria Infectious Diseases Service (VIDS) is based in the hospital, as is the John Cade Psychiatry Ward and the headquarters of the North Western Mental Health service.

Medical specialtiesEdit

Blood donation at the Royal Melbourne Hospital during the 1940s.

Surgical specialtiesEdit

Mental health servicesEdit

  • Department of Psychiatry: 1 North
  • Psychiatric Ward: John Cade Building
  • North Western Mental Health
  • Inner West Mental Health Service


In addition, the Royal Melbourne Hospital has an Enhanced Crisis Assessment & Treatment Team & Triage Service (ECATT) team on call 24 hours a day to assess patients in the Emergency Department.

Postgraduate training, the clinical school and nursing educationEdit

The clinical school at Royal Melbourne Hospital is one of the clinical schools of the University of Melbourne School of Medicine (the others being based at the St Vincent's Hospital, the Austin Hospital, Shepparton Regional Hospital, Northern Hospital, Western Hospital, Ballarat Hospital, Bendigo Hospital, and Northeast Health Wangaratta).[8]

The hospital offers postgraduate educational activities, including weekly professorial case discussion meeting, grand round, daily morning registrars teaching round, intern training sessions, advanced life support forums, and other individual department-based educational sessions.

The new residents' quarter is located on the 8th floor.

The Royal Melbourne Nursing Education Department provides continuing professional education opportunities for nurses. It offers programs for undergraduates, graduate nurses and postgraduate students as well as short courses, staff development and mandatory resuscitation training. It also offers some online training modules.

The programs focus on recruitment and retention of nurses.

Fellowship positionsEdit

In addition to post graduate training, largely aimed at Australian trainees, the Royal Melbourne Hospital also offers clinical and research fellowship positions, most of which are open to both Australian and international candidates.

Fellowships available include:

  • Colorectal Surgery (including advanced minimally invasive surgery)
  • Urology (including robotic surgery)
  • Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
  • Arthroplasty and Pelvic Trauma Surgery

Research and other medical and academic collaborationsEdit

The hospital undertakes clinical research in oncology, neurosciences, infectious diseases, diabetes colorectal cancer and mental health.

In addition, there are close ties with:

Notable personnelEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "The Royal Melbourne Hospital". Our Health Service. Archived from the original on 14 January 2013.
  2. ^ a b "A CENTURY OF HEALING: THE ROYAL MELBOURNE HOSPITAL". The Age. No. 29, 792. Victoria, Australia. 21 October 1950. p. 11. Retrieved 12 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  3. ^ "Domestic Intelligence. : The Hospital". The Argus (Melbourne). Vol. II, no. 198. Victoria, Australia. 14 March 1848. p. 2. Retrieved 12 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia., ...announcing that the arrangements for opening the Melbourne Hospital are at length completed, and the building will be open for the reception of patients to morrow...
  4. ^ "HISTORY RECALLED". The Maitland Daily Mercury. No. 19, 946. New South Wales, Australia. 15 March 1935. p. 6. Retrieved 12 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  5. ^ "PASTORAL PIONEERS". The Australasian. Vol. CXXXIX, no. 4, 515. Victoria, Australia. 20 July 1935. p. 4. Retrieved 12 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia., ...Samuel Jackson..set up as an architect in Melbourne... His next works of importance were the Melbourne Hospital...
  6. ^ "NEWS OF THE DAY. : The Hospital Site". The Age. No. 25, 140. Victoria, Australia. 11 November 1935. p. 8. Retrieved 12 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  7. ^ "Radiology Dept, Royal Melbourne Hospital". Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  8. ^ "Clinical School Zones - Melbourne Medical School". Melbourne Medical School. Archived from the original on 14 September 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.

Coordinates: 37°47′56″S 144°57′22″E / 37.7988°S 144.9561°E / -37.7988; 144.9561