Royal Hibernian Academy
The Royal Hibernian Academy (RHA) is an artist-based and artist-oriented institution in Ireland, founded in Dublin in 1823. Like many other Irish institutions, such as the RIA, the academy retained the word "Royal", after Ireland's independence.
|Location||15 Ely Pl, Dublin 2, Ireland|
|Type||Art gallery, Art studios|
|Director||Patrick T. Murphy|
|Public transit access||Stephen's Green Luas stop (Green Line)|
The RHA was founded as the result of 30 Irish artists petitioning the government for a charter of incorporation. According to the letters patent of 5 August 1823, The Royal Hibernian Academy of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture was established, which included a National School of Art. The first elected president was the landscape painter, William Ashford. In 1824 architect Francis Johnston was made president. He had provided headquarters for the RHA at Academy House in Lower Abbey Street at his own expense. The first exhibitions took place in May 1825 and were held annually from then on. To encourage interest in the arts works displayed at the RHA were distributed by lot as prizes among subscribers. Works by Frederick William Burton, Daniel Maclise, J. M. W. Turner and David Wilkie, among others, were presented in this way. The exhibitions and school prospered and by the end of the 19th century the RHA was the leading Irish institution involved in promoting visual arts. Academy House was destroyed by fire in 1916 during the Easter Rising.
In the middle of the twentieth century the RHA was seen as reactionary, hindering the development of modernism in Ireland and the Irish Exhibition of Living Art was founded 1943 to challenge the RHA's own exhibition policies. This has changed since the 1990s, Louis le Brocquy one of the founders of the Irish Exhibition of Living Art was a member of the Honorary Council of the Academy and the RHA's own mission statement states that it is dedicated to developing, affirming and challenging the public's appreciation and understanding of traditional and innovative approaches to the visual arts. The gallery is now one of the premier contemporary Art spaces in Ireland, exhibiting a wide range of contemporary art practice in its annual programmes, while respecting traditional art forms.
In the 1970s the RHA constructed a new building in Ely Place in Dublin. This building replaced the gallery's previous premises, a Victorian house that had been home to Oliver St. John Gogarty. This was demolished and the property developer, Matt Gallagher, agreed to build a modern gallery on the site for the RHA. After the sudden death of Gallagher in January 1974, it emerged that he had left no provision in his will for the completion of the gallery. The building lay unfinished for a number of years before it was completed. The building was closed between 2007 and 2009 for renovations. This building houses six galleries; here the Academy mounts the annual exhibition. In addition, the Academy curates frequent exhibitions and frequently is responsible for major retrospectives of the work of Irish artists. The Academy has a large collection of Irish art, but this is not on display.
In 2009 the RHA refounded its school, the RHA drawing school. In Ely Place it has a large drawing studio and 6 studios which are available to artists through open submissions. Other studios are also administered by the school, such as the Tony O'Malley residency in Kilkenny. It runs TUD accredited courses (since 2018) in Painting and drawing techniques delivered by a faculty made up of Academy members and others artists. Current tutors are Colin Martin RHA (principal), Mick O'Dea PPRHA, Una Sealy RHA, Blaise Smith RHA, Geraldine O'Neill RHA, Sahoko Blake, Conor Walton, Raphael Hynes and Sean Molloy among others. It also holds workshops with international tutors and self directed life-drawing sessions.
The Academy is funded by: the Arts Council of Ireland (An Chomhairle Ealaíon), through revenue from its Annual Exhibition, and from Benefactors, Patrons and Friends of the Academy.
The RHA has held an annual exhibition – an open submission art show – since 1826. It is "the largest in Ireland and the longest-running".
FUTURES (originally EuroJet Futures) is an ongoing series of exhibitions featuring selected emerging artists from Ireland. It began in 2001 and has had three series – each with annual exhibitions. Additionally each series has had an 'anthology' presenting all of the artists from that series together.
Letters after the nameEdit
There are five instances of post-nominal letters used by Academicians.
- ARHA, Associate Royal Hibernian Academician
- RHA, Royal Hibernian Academician
- HRHA, Honorary Member of the Royal Hibernian Academy
- PRHA, President of the Royal Hibernian Academy
- PPRHA, Past President of the Royal Hibernian Academy
- Wright, George Newenham (1825). An Historical Guide to the City of Dublin. Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy. p. 239.
- de Courcy, J.W. (1996). The Liffey in Dublin. Gill & Macmillan. p. 468. ISBN 0-7171-2423-1.
- McCormack, W.J. (2001). The Blackwell Companion to Modern Irish Culture. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 205. ISBN 978-0-631-22817-2.
- McDonald, Frank (1985). The destruction of Dublin. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan. pp. 221–222. ISBN 0-7171-1386-8. OCLC 60079186.
- McDONALD, FRANK. "Renovated RHA building a real work of art". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
- Coyle, Dominic. "Sales dip at RHA's annual exhibition". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
- "The Anthology Exhibition". RHA. 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
- "FUTURES Anthology". RHA. 2015-05-06. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
- Dunne, Aidan. "High anxiety and the fine art of falling apart". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
- [RHA charter and bye laws].
- MacLeod of MacLeod, Norman (28 May 1858). Report upon the affairs and past management of the Royal Hibernian Academy. Parliamentary Papers. Session 1857-58, Vol. XLVI, No.294.
- Memorial and Statement of Treasurer of Royal Hibernian Academy to Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, September 1865; Report from Eyre Crowe on Royal Hibernian Academy's Schools of Art. Parliamentary Papers. Session 1866, Vol. LV, p.221. 10 August 1866.
- Royal Commission on Science and Art Department in Ireland (1869). Vol.1: Report. Parliamentary Papers. Session 1868-69, Vol. XXIV, p.1.
- Royal Commission on Science and Art Department in Ireland (1869). Vol.2: Minutes of evidence, Appendix, &c. Parliamentary Papers. Session 1868-69, Vol. XXIV, p.43.
- Committee of Enquiry into the Work carried on by the Royal Hibernian Academy and Metropolitan School of Art, Dublin (1906). Cd.3256: Report with minutes of evidence, appendices, and index. Parliamentary Papers. Session 1906, Vol. XXXI, p.799. Dublin: HMSO.