Royal Commission of Inquiry on Constitutional Problems

The Royal Commission of Inquiry on Constitutional Problems or Tremblay Commission was called for by the premier of Quebec, Maurice Duplessis in 1953. The commission, chaired by Mr. Justice Thomas Tremblay, studied the problem of tax sharing between different levels of government and greater constitutional problems in Canada.

The commission published a five-volume report in 1956. It proposed a maximum level of taxation be established, the provincial responsibility for unemployment benefits, and a shared personal and corporate tax scheme between the federal and provincial governments.

Éric Montpetit of the Université de Montréal writes that

[t]he mandate of the Tremblay Commission could be described as making explicit Quebec’s vision of Canada, which had been expressed by the traditional elite, with the blessing of the Clergy.

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