They comprise the single largest Canadian component within The Royal Collection, and were compiled in two phases by the Canadian Society of Painters in Water Colour (CSPWC/SCPA) to mark the societyʼs sixtieth and seventy-fifth anniversaries which were celebrated in 1985 and 2000, respectively.
The initial sixty piece collection was formed in 1985 as part of the Diamond Anniversary celebrations of the CSPWC. Each watercolour in the collection was created by a different elected member of the society. The paintings were unveiled 5 December 1985 in an exhibition at the MacDonald Gallery (now the John B. Aird Gallery) in the Ontario Legislative Building(s) They were later shown at Ontario House, King Charles Place, London, U.K. (13 March - 24 April 1986) where an official reception and handover to the Royal Collection took place on 12 March 1986. A second display of the collection at Ontario House took place in 1988.
The paintings are housed in the Print Room of the Royal Library. They form part of the Royal Collection of Drawings and Watercolours. A selection was on public display in the castle throughout 1986 and 1987. Since their 1986 arrival at Windsor Castle, the paintings have been referred to as "The Canadian Gift".
In 2000 as part of the CSPWCʼs seventy-fifth anniversary celebrations a competition was held among newly elected members not represented in the original sixty piece collection to select fifteen additional works to add to the Windsor Castle holdings. This brought the group up to the symbolic total of seventy-five.
The Prince of Wales, an Honorary Member of the society, accepted the works at a reception hosted by both the CSPWC and Jeremy Kinsman the High Commission(er) of Canada to the United Kingdom.
Initial concept and final execution edit
As the 1985 diamond (sixtieth) anniversary of the Canadian Society of Painters in Water Colour approached, the societyʼs executive decided to launch a series of commemorative events that would highlight the history and achievements of the organization. One suggestion was that a collection of watercolours by Society members be compiled and placed with a major national cultural body. It was thought that a collection of sixty works selected by jury would be appropriate. This idea met with strong support and the proposal was presented to a number of institutions including Rideau Hall, The National Gallery of Canada, The Royal Ontario Museum, The Art Gallery of Ontario and several major university galleries.
The idea took on the name of the "Diamond Jubilee Collection" and it seemed to be a relatively straight forward project of identifying a host institution and then judging and collecting sixty works. Sensibly, as it turned out, the original concept had envisioned small paintings in case the society was asked to submit them in albums, portfolios or presentation cases.
In 1985 Sir Robin Mackworth-Young, the Royal Librarian and author of a book on the history of the Royal Collections was contacted by the CSPWC when the society learnt that there were few Canadian art works held in the Royal Collection. (Despite Canada being traditionally identified as the Senior Dominion within the Commonwealth several other countries such as India and Australia were far better represented.) The ensuing exchange of correspondence resulted in the CSPWC/SCPAʼs anniversary collection being accepted by the Royal Librarian, Oliver Everett, on behalf of Queen Elizabeth II with a formal hand-over of the actual work taking place at Ontario House, London, on 12 March 1986. This coincided with the first foreign exhibition of the paintings being hosted by the Government of Ontario.
A selection of the watercolours was later put on public display in Windsor Castle during 1986 and 1987 in Windsorʼs drawing gallery.
The CSPWC/SCPA was delighted with the outcome of the project as the Royal Collection has unrivaled conservation standards and an internationally acknowledged reputation for loaning works. The Canadian watercolours are accessible to scholars who apply to the Royal Library.
In 2000 as part of the CSPWC/SCPAʼs seventy-fifth anniversary a competition was held among elected members not represented in the original sixty piece collection to select fifteen additional paintings to add to the Windsor Castle holdings. This brought the donated collection up to a symbolic seventy-five works.
The selected fifteen works were first unveiled by Hilary Weston, Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, at Torontoʼs historic Arts and Letters Club in November 2000. The watercolours were transported to the United Kingdom and exhibited by the Canadian Government at Canada House in Trafalgar Square throughout December 2001 with a formal presentation to The Prince of Wales taking place on 11 December. This event was hosted by the CSPWC/SCPA and the Canadian High Commissioner Jeremy Kinsman.
There will be a third and final competition and selection taking place in the months leading up to the societyʼs centennial in 2025. At that point a body of twenty five watercolours by artists unrepresented in the previous collections will be selected, exhibited and donated to the Royal Collection.
The entire Royal Collection is, as of 2011, being photographed and each item given an individual inventory number. Within a few years scholars and researchers accessing the Royal Collection site will be able to access images and data by using the corresponding RCIN number.
Phase 1, the 1985 Collection edit
A general call for entry went out to all elected members of the CSPWC early in 1984 and a selection took place in the summer of 1985. The artists and works selected were:
|Artists||Title of work||Royal Collection Inventory No.|
|Herbert J. Ariss||"Nude study, 1985"||RCIN 926161|
|E. Conyers Barker||"Overlooking Cookeʼs Bay, Lake Simcoe, Ontario"||RCIN 926162|
|Anthony J. Batten||"Day of rest, Bay St Lawrence, Nova Scotia"||RCIN 926163|
|John A. E. Bennett||"Stonehenge"||RCIN 926164|
|Sam Black||"Old Pals"||RCIN 926165|
|Harriet Manore Carter||"Strange Bed Fellows"||RCIN 926166|
|Ray Cattell||"Turn of the Wind Track"||RCIN 926167|
|Joanne Clarke||"Canadian Seasons 1"||RCIN 926168|
|Michael Cleary||"Muncho lake, British Columbia"||RCIN 926169|
|Elmer Dambergs||"The Local Royalty"||RCIN 926170|
|Anne Macintosh Duff||"Garages In Winter"||RCIN 926171|
|Anne Marsh Evans||"06:30 hrs, Wyoming, Ontario"||RCIN 926172|
|James Evans||"Moorings, New Haven, Cape Breton"||RCIN 926173|
|Pat Fairhead||"Winter Pines at Moonstone #1"||RCIN 926174|
|Philippa Faulkner||"The Public Gardens, Halifax, Nova Scotia"||RCIN 926175|
|Joan Fedoroshyn||"Thunderstorm #2, 1984"||RCIN 926176|
|Mark Fletcher||"Portrait of Three Captains, Newfoundland"||RCIN 926177|
|Peter Goetz||"Window at Doon Pioneer Village"||RCIN 926178|
|Barbara L. Greene||"Spring River, 1985"||RCIN 926179|
|Julius Griffith||"The Empty Farmhouse, 1982"||RCIN 926180|
|B. Cogill Haworth||"Beaching Gear of the Stranraer War Plane, Esquimalt, B.C., 1943"||RCIN 926181|
|Peter Haworth||"The Forgotten, 1956"||RCIN 926182|
|Mel Heath||"Aberdeen School"||RCIN 926183|
|Barbara Roe Hicklin||"Canadaʼs Yukon, Whitehorse Airport"||RCIN 926184|
|Marjorie Hodgson||"Backyards, Alcorn Avenue, Toronto"||RCIN 926185|
|Jane Hunter||"Lichen Series #6"||RCIN 926186|
|Herzl Kashetsky||"Made in England"||RCIN 926187|
|Cynthia Kemerer||"On The Edge||RCIN 926188|
|Jean Klaassen||"Flowering Kale"||RCIN 926189|
|Brent Laycock||"Morning Light On The Rockies"||RCIN 926190|
|Lilian Laponen-Stephenson||"Plan To Evade Capture"||RCIN 926191|
|Mary Anne Ludlam||"$1.39 A Pound"||RCIN 926192|
|D. Helen Mackie||"Tipi Centre 1"||RCIN 926193|
|Doris McCarthy||"Sheds And Shore Junk, Lake Harbour, Baffin Island"||RCIN 926194|
|Janet Mitchell||"Whatʼs A Farm Doing So Close To Town?"||RCIN 926195|
|M. Greene Mitchell||"Chinese Supper, 1985"||RCIN 926196|
|June Montgomery||"Bear Mother And Child. (Frontlet with abalone decoration)"||RCIN 926197|
|Donald Neddeau||"Barachois Gaspesie, Quebec"||RCIN 926198|
|Tibor Nyilasi||"Rainy Day"||RCIN 926199|
|Will Ogilvy||"Winter Evening"||RCIN 926200|
|Robert Percival||"Plants In Window"||RCIN 926201|
|Marjorie Pigott||"How Simple Is Beauty"||RCIN 926202|
|Gery Puley||"Early Winter, Crawford Lake"||RCIN 926203|
|Ethel Raicus||"Ionic Scape"||RCIN 926204|
|Jack Reid||"The Red Boat"||RCIN 926205|
|Hugh Robertson||"Clouds Over The Gaspe Hills, Province Du Quebec"||RCIN 926206|
|Adeline Rockett||"Winter, A Country Road"||RCIN 926207|
|Laurine Sage||"Metamorphosis In Orange And Blue"||RCIN 926208|
|Marlis Saunders||"Ice Patterns #14"||RCIN 926209|
|William Sherman||"Home, Colourful Home"||RCIN 926210|
|Robert Sinclair||"Break"||RCIN 926211|
|Margaret L. Squire||"Evening Waters, Lake Huron"||RCIN 926212|
|Stephanie Quainton Steel||"Light In The Inlet, Brentwood, Vancouver Island, B.C."||RCIN 926213|
|Bonnie Steinman||"A Small Still-Life"||RCIN 926214|
|Rudolph Stussi||"Looking In"||RCIN 926215|
|Osvald Timmas||"Simcoeside Track"||RCIN 926216|
|Brian Travers-Smith||"A Taste Of Salt"||RCIN 926217|
|John S. Walsh||"Chapel Of Notre Dame De Bon Secours, Montreal"||RCIN 926218|
|Ivan T. Wheale||"Pool Rocks, Key River"||RCIN 926219|
|Ruth Yamada||"Christmas Cactus"||RCIN 926220|
Phase 2, the 2000 Collection edit
Following the procedures used in the initial selection process a call for entries went out to all eligible members early in the 2000 anniversary year. A significant number of entries were presented for the judging which took place in Trinity College Chapel, University of Toronto. The artists and works selected for the second phase were:
|Artists||Title of work||Royal Collection Inventory No.|
|Barbara Augustine||"Bill"||RCIN 933762|
|Bonnie Brooks||"Suspension"||RCIN 933763|
|Pat Clemes||"Delphiniums"||RCIN 933764|
|Diana Dabinett||"Icebergs Off Newfoundland"||RCIN 933765|
|Ron Hazell||"A Canadian Moment"||RCIN 933766|
|Wendy Hoffmann||"The Red Canoe"||RCIN 933767|
|E. Jane Hunter||"Sunset And City Lights, Toronto"||RCIN 933768|
|Elizabeth Jaworski||"Mondays"||RCIN 933769|
|Linda Kemp||"Niagara Landscape"||RCIN 933770|
|Ross Monk||“Sunrise Reflections”||RCIN 933771|
|Jean Pederson||"Mercy"||RCIN 933772|
|Alice Reed||"Misty Morning"||RCIN 933773|
|Ruth Sawatzky||"Heirlooms Remembered"||RCIN 933774|
|Vivian Thierfelder||"Cobalt Blue"||RCIN 933775|
|Tom Young||"Standing Tall, Otter Lake"||RCIN 933776|
- "Aquarelle, A History of The Canadian Society of Painters in Water Colour" by Rebecca Sisler, RCA. Toronto,1986. Printed by The Porcupine Quill.
- THE ROYAL COLLECTION TRUST'S ANNUAL REPORT 2001-2002. Acquisitions, page 25 records the "gift of fifteen watercolours by the CSPWC/SCPA on the occasion of the Society's seventy-fifth anniversary".
- "The Queen's Pictures" by Oliver Millar 1977. Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd and the BBC. ISBN 0-8317-7260-3
- The SLATE ART GUIDE, Toronto, December 1985, The Macdonald Gallery. CSPWC Diamond Jubilee Collection.
- The Macdonald Gallery, Queen's Park, Toronto, Ontario. Invitation to "the unveiling of the CSPWC Diamond Jubilee Collection for Her Majesty The Queen"
- Exhibition brochure. The Macdonald Gallery, Queen's Park, 5–28 December 1985. Archives of the Arts and Letters Club. Toronto. [papers of A. J. Batten].
- Cherry, Zena (12 June 1986). "Canadian watercolourists celebrate sixtieth anniversary". The Globe and Mail. Toronto.
- "Canada Today/Aujour "Hui Magazine, issue 12, August 1986. Pages 11-12. entitled "Queen Accepts Gift of Canadian Paintings".
- Photograph of officials at hand-over ceremony at Ontario House, King Charles Place, London showing [L to R] Osvald Timmas, President of the CSPWC/SCPA,
- Invitation to a "Reception and Private View" of the exhibition, 12 March 1986. Courtesy of the Archives of the Province of Ontario. "Ontario House, London" collection.
- "ROYAL TREASURES, A Golden Jubilee Celebration" edited by Jane, The Lady Roberts, Published by Royal Collection Enterprises Ltd, St James' Palace, London, 2002. Pages 24, 35, 53, 55 and 391. ISBN 1-902163-49-4
- The SLATE ART GUIDE, Toronto, November 2000, Announcement of CSPWC/SCPA Exhibitions of the fifteen works that would be going to London for presentation to the Royal Collection. Unveiling of the works at The Arts & Letters Club By the Hon Hilary Weston, Lt-Gov. of Ontario, [private view] and a public exhibition at Toronto's O'Connor Gallery.
- Televised interview by WILF DINNICK [Global Television, Toronto] with the CSPWC's A.J. Batten on the subject of the national competition and the fifteen paintings. Recorded at The Arts and Letters Club on November 7th and broadcast November 8th, 2000.
- ARTNEWS Canadian High Commission, London. Issue for November–December 2001. Visual Arts Section. "Announcement of the exhibition of fifteen watercolours in the Gilles Landry Salon at Canada House, Trafalgar Square".
- Reception Guest list "On the occasion of the presentation of a gift of paintings to Her Majesty the Queen from The Canadian Society of Painters in Water Colour and in the presence of His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales" Hosted by The High Commissioner and Mrs Kinsman. Monday, December 10, 2001. Archives of The Arts and Letters Club, Toronto. [papers of A.J. Batten]
- Photographic record of the reception and presentation by Graham Reading, UK.
- THE CANADA POST [www.canadapost.co.uk ] February 2002 edition. Main cover photo/article and page 9. "HRH at Canada House". [photography by Graham Reading]
- "The History and Treasures of Windsor Castle" by Sir Robin Mackworth-Young, London, 1982. ISBN 0-85372-338-9
- THE GLOBE & MAIL, Toronto,"In the Galleries" The CSPWC/SCPA Diamond Jubilee Collection exhibition 3–24 December 1985.
- "SPLASH 8", Watercolor Discoveries. 2001 Edited by Rachel Rubin-Wolf, North Light Books, ISBN 1-58180-442-3 [Pages 124 and 138]
- "WORK SMALL. LEARN BIG" [Sketching with pen and watercolor] 2003 International Artist Publishing Inc. Verdi, Nevada. ISBN 1-929834-27-6 [pages 6 thru 11]
- "Canadian Who's Who" 2010 edition, University of Toronto Press, Elizabeth Lumley editor, ISBN 978-1-4426-4155-6 [2010 ed.v 45]
- Canadian Encyclopaedia
- "Painting in Canada, A History" 1966 by J. Russell Harper, University of Toronto Press, Toronto. Page 427
- "WATERCOLOR, Painting outside the line." by Linda Kemp, 2003. North Light Books. ISBN 1-58180-376-1
- TORONTO STAR, 11 December 2001, Page D7, "Spotlight" Files from the Star's wire services
- "EXPRESSIVE PORTRAITS, Creative methods for painting people." by Jean Pederson, 2008. North Light Books. ISBN 978-1-58180-953-4
- EDMONTON JOURNAL, [Southam Publications] 16 January 2002 article by Mike Sadava "Edmonton Inside & Out" entitled "A Royal boost to an artist's career"