Roy Thomas Fielding (born 1965) is an American computer scientist, one of the principal authors of the HTTP specification and the originator of the Representational State Transfer (REST) architectural style. He is an authority on computer network architecture and co-founded the Apache HTTP Server project.[1][2]

Roy Fielding
Fielding speaking at OSCON08
Roy Thomas Fielding

September 1965 (age 58)
Alma materUniversity of California, Irvine
Known forREST, Apache HTTP Server
Scientific career
FieldsComputer science
ThesisArchitectural Styles and the Design of Network-based Software Architectures (2000)

Fielding works as a Senior Principal Scientist at Adobe Systems in San Jose, California.[3]

Biography edit

Fielding was born in 1965 in Laguna Beach, California. He describes himself as "part Maori, Kiwi, Yank, Irish, Scottish, British, and California beach bum".[4][5][6] In 1999, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Technology Review TR100 named him one of the top 100 innovators in the world under the age of 35.[7] In 2000, he received his doctorate from the University of California, Irvine.[8]

Contributions edit

Architectural Styles and the Design of Network-based Software Architectures, Fielding's doctoral dissertation, describes Representational State Transfer (REST) as a key architectural principle of the World Wide Web and received a large amount of attention. Computer engineers frequently hold up REST as an approach to developing web services,[8] as an alternative to other distributed-computing specifications such as SOAP. Fielding has also been heavily involved in the development of HTML and Uniform Resource Identifiers. Fielding co-founded the Apache HTTP Server project[9][10] and was a member of the interim OpenSolaris Boards until he resigned from the community in 2008.[11] He chaired the Apache Software Foundation for its first three years and sat on its board of directors until May 2014.[12]

Between 2001 and 2006, Fielding worked on Waka, an application protocol intended as "a binary, token-based replacement for HTTP".[13] It was "designed to match the efficiency of the REST architectural style".[14][15]

He coined the term HATEOAS (Hypermedia As The Engine Of Application State) in 2000 in his doctoral dissertation.[16]

References edit

  1. ^ "Roy T. Fielding's personal Web site". 2012-11-19. Retrieved 2013-03-04.
  2. ^ "Roy Fielding's publications in Google Scholar". Google Scholar. Retrieved 2013-03-04.
  3. ^ "Roy T. Fielding". LinkedIn. Retrieved 2017-08-28.
  4. ^ "Roy T. Fielding: Life story". University of California, Irvine.
  5. ^ Roy T. Fielding (2011-07-27). "Re: branding". www-legal-discuss.
  6. ^ Roy T. Fielding (1999-07-02). "Re: Kiwi Fruit". FoRK mailing list.
  7. ^ "1999 Young Innovators Under 35". Technology Review. 1999. Retrieved 2013-03-04.
  8. ^ a b Fielding, R. T.; Taylor, R. N. (2000). "Principled design of the modern Web architecture". Proceedings of the 22nd international conference on Software engineering - ICSE '00. pp. 407–416. CiteSeerX doi:10.1145/337180.337228. ISBN 978-1581132069. S2CID 2675076.
  9. ^ Mockus, A.; Fielding, R. T.; Herbsleb, J. (2000). "A case study of open source software development". Proceedings of the 22nd international conference on Software engineering - ICSE '00. pp. 263–272. CiteSeerX doi:10.1145/337180.337209. ISBN 978-1581132069. S2CID 9075291.
  10. ^ Mockus, A.; Fielding, R. T.; Herbsleb, J. D. (2002). "Two case studies of open source software development: Apache and Mozilla". ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology. 11 (3): 309–346. CiteSeerX doi:10.1145/567793.567795. S2CID 1938015.
  11. ^ Roy T. Fielding (2008-02-14). "Sun's Responses to the OpenSolaris Trademark Questions". ogb-discuss.
  12. ^ "Apache Software Foundation Board of Directors Meeting Minutes". 2014-05-21. Retrieved 2014-07-08.
  13. ^ "A conversation with Roy Fielding about HTTP, REST, WebDAV, JSR 170, and Waka". 2006-08-25.
  14. ^ Roy T. Fielding, Ph.D. (2002-11-19). "waka: A replacement for HTTP" (PPT).
  15. ^ Fielding, Roy T. (2012). "The Waka Protocol" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-03-23.
  16. ^ Fielding, Roy Thomas (2000). "Representational State Transfer (REST)". Architectural Styles and the Design of Network-based Software Architectures (PhD). University of California, Irvine. p. 82. ISBN 0599871180.

Bibliography edit

External links edit