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Roy Alvin Baldwin (January 2, 1886 – October 2, 1940) was a Democrat from Slaton in Lubbock County, Texas, who represented District 119 in the Texas House of Representatives from 1923 to 1925. In this capacity he was co-author of the legislation establishing Texas Tech University in nearby Lubbock. His district encompassed fourteen counties in West Texas. In his first House tenure from 1920 to 1923, he represented the geographically similar District 122.[1]

Roy Alvin Baldwin
Roy Alvin Baldwin of TX.jpg
Baldwin legislative portrait
Texas State Representative for District 122 (Andrews, Borden, Briscoe, Cochran, Crosby, Dawson, Floyd, Gaines, Garza, Hockley, Lubbock, Lynn, Terry, and Yoakum counties)
In office
May 20, 1920 – January 9, 1923
Preceded byWilliam H. Bledsoe
Succeeded byDewey Young
Texas State Representative for District 119 (Cochran, Crosby, Dawson, Gaines, Hockley, Lubbock, Lynn, Terry, and Yoakum counties)
In office
January 9, 1923 – January 13, 1925
Preceded byJohn Quaid
Succeeded byJames K. Wester
Personal details
Born(1885-01-02)January 2, 1885
Half Rock, Mercer County
Missouri, USA
DiedOctober 2, 1940(1940-10-02) (aged 55)
Slaton, Lubbock County, Texas
Resting placeEnglewood Cemetery in Slaton, Texas
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Maude Hollinger Baldwin
ChildrenGarriott Thompson "Zeke" Baldwin

Florence Baldwin JeuDevine

Elizabeth Maude Baldwin Baker
ParentsMarion A. and Lucinda Ellen Garriott Baldwin
ResidenceSlaton, Texas
Alma materMissing
OccupationLawyer

BackgroundEdit

Baldwin was born in the since historical community of Half Rock in Mercer County in northern Missouri. His mother, the former Lucinda Ellen Garriott, a native of Keokuk County, Iowa, died in Half Rock in 1890, when Roy was five years of age.[2] Marion Baldwin remarried (name of second spouse missing) and relocated to Washington County near Portland in northwestern Oregon, where he died shortly thereafter at the age of about forty-four, when Roy was seventeen.[3] Baldwin married the former Maude Hollinger (1886-1986). The couple had two children, Garriott Thompson "Zeke" Baldwin (1916-1944) and Elizabeth Maude Baldwin Baker (1920-1977).[4]

Political lifeEdit

On August 30, 1919, Baldwin won a special election for House District 122 to succeed his fellow Democrat, William H. Bledsoe of Lubbock, who was elected to the Texas State Senate. Baldwin did not take his oath of office until May 20, 1920.[1]

In 1923, as barely a third term member of the legislature, Baldwin joined with Senator Bledsoe to support Senate Bill 103, with a $1 million appropriation, to establish a four-year educational institution in West Texas with an emphasis on agricultural research. The school would be separate from Texas A&M University in College Station, which had a similar mission and whose leadership opposed the new institution. Bledsoe confessed to having drawn up the requirements for the host city to fit only Lubbock, which was selected over thirty-six other locations, including San Angelo (before the existence of Angelo State University), Midland, Plainview, Brownwood, Lampasas, Big Spring, and even Boerne in Kendall County barely northwest of San Antonio. Vernon, west of Wichita Falls, claimed it should be selected because of its railroad access; at the time Vernon had more than one thousand more people than Lubbock.[5]

Though the site selection committee traveled to all the communities seeking to become the location of the new college, but the fix was in from the start. To win the competition, Lubbock was allowed to amend its initial application to account for eighty more acres so that it could meet the two thousand acres required in the legislation for the chosen location. In time, Texas Tech, originally Texas Technological College, helped to make Lubbock the largest city of West Texas, excluding El Paso in the far southwestern corner of the state. Representative Richard M. Chitwood, the chairman of the House Education Committee, thought his city of Sweetwater in Nolan County far better suited for the new institution as the "central" location of West Texas. When Lubbock was chosen, Chitwood was given a patronage consolation as business manager of the new institution.[5] Chitwood was the business manager of Texas Tech for only fifteen months; he died in November 1926 in a Dallas hotel.[6]

Baldwin died in 1940 at the age of fifty-five; he is interred at Englewood Cemetery in Slaton. His grave marker reads: "Jurist-Author-Legislator; Co-Author of Bill Creating Texas Technological College".[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Roy Alvin". Texas Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  2. ^ "Lucinda Ellen Garriott". findagrave.com. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  3. ^ "Marion A. Baldwin". findagrave.com. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Roy Alvin Baldwin". findagrave.com. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  5. ^ a b Zach Dowdle, "In the Land of Sandstorms and Sand: Locating Texas Technological College in 1923:, West Texas Historical Review, Vol. LXL (2014), pp. 75-102.
  6. ^ "Richard Mortimer Chitwood". findagrave.com. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
Political offices
Preceded by
William H. Bledsoe
Texas State Representative for District 122 (Andrews, Borden, Briscoe, Cochran, Crosby, Dawson, Floyd, Gaines, Garza, Hockley, Lubbock, Lynn, Terry, and Yoakum counties)

Roy Alvin Barlow
1920–1923

Succeeded by
Dewey Young
Preceded by
John Quaid
Texas State Representative for District 119 (Cochran, Crosby, Dawson, Gaines, Hockley, Lubbock, Lynn, Terry, and Yoakum counties)

Roy Alvin Barlow
1923–1925

Succeeded by
James K. Wester