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Rowland Hill, 2nd Viscount Hill (10 May 1800 – 3 January 1875), known as Sir Rowland Hill, Bt, between 1824 and 1842, was a British peer and Tory politician.

Rowland Hill by Eden Upton Eddis (Shropshire Museums Collection)

Contents

BackgroundEdit

Hill was the son of Colonel John Hill, eldest son of Sir John Hill, 3rd Baronet. His mother was Elizabeth, daughter of Philip Cornish, while the renowned military figures Rowland Hill, 1st Viscount Hill, Thomas Noel Hill, Robert Chambre Hill and Clement Delves Hill were his uncles. He was educated at Oriel College, Oxford, where he graduated MA in 1820.[1]

Political careerEdit

Hill was returned to Parliament for Shropshire in 1821, a seat he held until 1832, when the constituency was abolished. He then represented Shropshire North between 1832 and 1842. He succeeded his grandfather as fourth Baronet of Hawkstone in 1824. In 1842 he also succeeded his uncle as second Viscount Hill according to a special remainder in the letters patent and was able to take a seat in the House of Lords. Between 1845 and 1875 he served as Lord Lieutenant of Shropshire.

Military careerEdit

Hill served as cornet in the Royal Horse Guards from 1820 to 1824, the year he succeeded to the baronetcy.[1] He also succeeded his father in command, as lieutenant-colonel, of the North Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry.[2] As Lord Lieutenant, he consented to its amalgamation with the South Salopian Yeomanry Cavalry to form a single Shropshire Yeomanry regiment in 1872.[3] He took command of the new regiment, which he held until his death.[4]

FamilyEdit

Lord Hill married Anne, daughter of Joseph Clegg, of Peplow Hall, Shropshire, and granddaughter and heiress of Arthur Clegg, of Irwell, Lancashire,[1] in 1831. He died in January 1875, aged 74, and was buried in the family vault at St Luke's parish church, Hodnet.[1] He was succeeded by his son, Rowland. Lady Hill died in October 1891.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d The Complete Peerage, Volume VI. St Catherine Press, London. 1926. p. 521.
  2. ^ Gladstone, E.W. (1953). The Shropshire Yeomanry 1795–1945, The Story of a Volunteer Cavalry Regiment. The Whitethorn Press. p. 86.
  3. ^ Gladstone, E.W. The Shropshire Yeomanry 1795–1945. p. 99.
  4. ^ Gladstone, E.W. The Shropshire Yeomanry 1795–1945. pp. 100, 104.

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir John Powell, Bt
John Cotes
Member of Parliament for Shropshire
1821–1832
With: Sir John Powell, Bt 1821–1822
John Cressett-Pelham 1822–1832
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for North Shropshire
1832–1842
With: John Cotes 1832–1835
William Ormsby-Gore 1835–1842
Succeeded by
William Ormsby-Gore
Viscount Clive
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Sutherland
Lord Lieutenant of Shropshire
1845–1875
Succeeded by
The Earl of Bradford
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Rowland Hill
Viscount Hill
1842–1875
Succeeded by
Rowland Clegg-Hill
Baronetage of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Hill
Baronet
(of Hawkestone)
1824–1875
Succeeded by
Rowland Clegg-Hill