Rowing at the 1952 Summer Olympics – Men's coxed four

The men's coxed four competition at the 1952 Summer Olympics took place at Mei Bay, Helsinki, Finland. It was held from 20 to 23 August and was won by the team from Czechoslovakia.[1] There were 17 boats (85 competitors) from 17 nations, with each nation limited to a single boat in the event.[2] The gold medal was Czechoslovakia's first medal in the men's coxed four. Switzerland earned its third consecutive silver medal, and sixth medal in seven Games dating back to 1920 (the only Games in that time where the Swiss team did not win a medal was 1932, when no Swiss boat competed). The reigning champion United States took bronze.

Men's coxed four
at the Games of the XV Olympiad
Jan Jindra.jpg
Commemorative postcard featuring Jan Jindra
VenueMei Bay, Helsinki
Dates20–23 August 1952
Competitors85 from 17 nations
Winning time7:33.4
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s)  Czechoslovakia
2nd place, silver medalist(s)  Switzerland
3rd place, bronze medalist(s)  United States
← 1948
1956 →

BackgroundEdit

This was the ninth appearance of the event. Rowing had been on the programme in 1896 but was cancelled due to bad weather. The coxed four was one of the four initial events introduced in 1900. It was not held in 1904 or 1908, but was held at every Games from 1912 to 1992 when it (along with the men's coxed pair) was replaced with the men's lightweight double sculls and men's lightweight coxless four.[2]

The Italian team was regarded as the slight favourite for the event; they had won gold at the European Rowing Championships in 1949, silver in 1950, and gold again in 1951, with the team having changed between competitions. Of the New Zealand team that had won the 1950 British Empire Games, three rowers were in the 1952 Olympic event: Ted Johnson, John O'Brien, and Colin Johnstone. The Danish team was made up of the 1950 European Rowing Championships winners: Niels Kristensen, Ove Nielsen, Peter Hansen, Bent Blach Petersen, and Eivin Kristensen. The New Zealand and Italian team met in the repechage and New Zealand was eliminated. The Czechoslovakian team dominated the competition and won every round. In the final, they defeated the Swizz quad, while the team from the USA—the winners of the 1948 Olympic competition—won bronze.[1]

Egypt and the Soviet Union each made their debut in the event. France and the United States both made their seventh appearance, tied for most among nations to that point.

Competition formatEdit

The coxed four event featured five-person boats, with four rowers and a coxswain. It was a sweep rowing event, with the rowers each having one oar (and thus each rowing on one side). The competition used the 2000 metres distance that became standard at the 1912 Olympics and which has been used ever since except at the 1948 Games.[3]

Based on a previous decision, each boat raced a minimum of two races before it could be eliminated.[4]

The competition featured five rounds (three main rounds and two repechages).

  • Quarterfinals: 4 heats, 4 or 5 boats each, top 2 in each heat (8 total) advanced to the semifinals while others (9 boats) went to the first repechage.
  • First repechage: 3 heats, 3 boats each, top 1 in each heat (3 total) advanced to the second repechage (not the semifinals) while all others (6 boats) were eliminated.
  • Semifinals: 2 heats, 4 boats each, top 1 in each heat (2 total) advanced to the final while all others (6 boats) went to the second repechage.
  • Second repechage: 3 heats, 3 boats each, to 1 in each heat (3 total) advanced to the final while all others (6 boats) were eliminated.
  • Final: 1 heat, 5 boats, determining medals and 4th and 5th places.

ScheduleEdit

All times are Eastern European Summer Time (UTC+3)

Date Time Round
Monday, 21 July 1952 9:00
9:00
16:00
Quarterfinals
First repechage
Semifinals
Tuesday, 22 July 1952 9:00 Second repechage
Wednesday, 23 July 1952 16:00 Final

ResultsEdit

QuarterfinalsEdit

Four heats were rowed on 20 July.[5] Three of the heats had four teams and one had five teams, with the first two teams to qualify for the semifinals, and the remaining teams progressing to the round one repechage.[6]

Quarterfinal 1Edit

Rank Rowers Coxswain Nation Time Notes
1 Didier Moureau   France 7:18.4 Q
2 Boris Brechko   Soviet Union 7:19.9 Q
3 Domenico Cambieri   Italy 7:20.5 R
4 Luis Omedes   Spain 7:25.5 R
Antero Tukiainen   Finland DNF[5] R

Quarterfinal 2Edit

Rank Rowers Coxswain Nation Time Notes
1 Al Rossi   United States 7:17.9 Q
2 Paul Massey   Great Britain 7:18.3 Q
3 Eivin Kristensen   Denmark 7:33.9 R
4 Albert Selim El-Mankabadi   Egypt 7:52.8 R

Quarterfinal 3Edit

Rank Rowers Coxswain Nation Time Notes
1 Miroslav Koranda   Czechoslovakia 7:16.6 Q
2 Leif Andersen   Norway 7:21.6 Q
3 Hans Caro   Netherlands 7:24.9 R
4 Tamatsu Kogure   Japan 7:29.8 R

Quarterfinal 4Edit

Rank Rowers Coxswain Nation Time Notes
1 Walter Leiser   Switzerland 7:20.7 Q
2 Jorge Arripe   Argentina 7:24.4 Q
3 Hans Joachim Wiemken   Germany 7:24.8 R
4 Colin Johnstone   New Zealand 7:25.2 R

First repechageEdit

Three heats were rowed in the round one repechage on 21 July,[7] with the first team to qualify for the semi-final repechage.[8]

First repechage heat 1Edit

Rank Rowers Coxswain Nation Time Notes
1 Domenico Cambieri   Italy 7:06.0 Q
2 Colin Johnstone   New Zealand 7:07.3
3 Tamatsu Kogure   Japan 7:13.9

First repechage heat 2Edit

Rank Rowers Coxswain Nation Time Notes
1 Eivin Kristensen   Denmark 7:03.4 Q
2 Hans Joachim Wiemken   Germany 7:04.6
3 Luis Omedes   Spain 7:06.9

First repechage heat 3Edit

Rank Rowers Coxswain Nation Time Notes
1 Antero Tukiainen   Finland 7:00.7 Q
2 Hans Caro   Netherlands 7:04.2
3 Albert Selim El-Mankabadi   Egypt 7:21.0

SemifinalsEdit

Two heats were rowed in the semifinals on 21 July,[7] with the first team to qualify for the final, and all other teams to progress to the semifinal repechage.[9][10]

Semifinal 1Edit

Rank Rowers Coxswain Nation Time Notes
1 Al Rossi   United States 7:07.6 Q
2 Didier Moureau   France 7:11.2 R
3 Leif Andersen   Norway 7:12.6 R
4 Jorge Arripe   Argentina 7:14.6 R

Semifinal 2Edit

Rank Rowers Coxswain Nation Time Notes
1 Miroslav Koranda   Czechoslovakia 6:58.5 Q
2 Walter Leiser   Switzerland 6:59.2 R
3 Paul Massey   Great Britain 7:04.1 R
4 Boris Brechko   Soviet Union 7:11.6 R

Second repechageEdit

Three heats were rowed in the semifinals repechage on 22 July,[7] with the winning teams progressing to the final.[10]

Second repechage heat 1Edit

Rank Rowers Coxswain Nation Time Notes
1 Antero Tukiainen   Finland 7:03.5 Q
2 Boris Brechko   Soviet Union 7:05.1
3 Didier Moureau   France 7:09.4

Second repechage heat 2Edit

Rank Rowers Coxswain Nation Time Notes
1 Walter Leiser   Switzerland 7:02.3 Q
2 Domenico Cambieri   Italy 7:06.0
3 Jorge Arripe   Argentina 7:14.8

Second repechage heat 3Edit

Rank Rowers Coxswain Nation Time Notes
1 Paul Massey   Great Britain 7:02.3 Q
2 Leif Andersen   Norway 7:06.6
3 Eivin Kristensen   Denmark 7:08.6

FinalEdit

 
Jiri Havlis of the Czech team with his gold medal

Five teams reached the final, which was decided in one race held on 23 July.[7][11] While conditions had been favourable on the first three days of racing, the day the finals were held saw wind at considerable force. This wind died down later, but the coxed four was the first race of the day and the results were affected by the strong wind.[4]

Rank Rowers Coxswain Nation Time
  Miroslav Koranda   Czechoslovakia 7:33.4
  Walter Leiser   Switzerland 7:36.5
  Al Rossi   United States 7:37.0
4 Paul Massey   Great Britain 7:41.2
5 Antero Tukiainen   Finland 7:43.8

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Rowing at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games: Men's Coxed Fours". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Coxed Fours, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Why Do We Race 2000m? The History Behind the Distance". World Rowing. 1 May 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  4. ^ a b Official Report of the Organising Committee 1955, p. 606.
  5. ^ a b Official Report of the Organising Committee 1955, p. 618.
  6. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Rowing at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games: Men's Coxed Fours Round One". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  7. ^ a b c d Official Report of the Organising Committee 1955, p. 619.
  8. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Rowing at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games: Men's Coxed Fours Round One Repêchage". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
  9. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Rowing at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games: Men's Coxed Fours Semi-Finals". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
  10. ^ a b Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Rowing at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games: Men's Coxed Fours Semi-Finals Repêchage". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
  11. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Rowing at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games: Men's Coxed Fours Final Round". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2016.

ReferencesEdit