Rothenburg, Oberlausitz

  (Redirected from Rothenburg/O.L.)

Rothenburg/Oberlausitz (Upper Sorbian Rózbork) is a small Lusatian town in eastern Saxony, Germany on the Neisse river on the German-Polish border. It has a population of 5,500.

Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Rothenburg
Coat of arms
Location of Rothenburg within Görlitz district
Rothenburg O.L. in GR.svg
Rothenburg is located in Germany
Rothenburg is located in Saxony
Coordinates: 51°20′0″N 14°58′0″E / 51.33333°N 14.96667°E / 51.33333; 14.96667Coordinates: 51°20′0″N 14°58′0″E / 51.33333°N 14.96667°E / 51.33333; 14.96667
Municipal assoc.Rothenburg/O.L.
 • MayorHeike Böhm (SPD)
 • Total72.28 km2 (27.91 sq mi)
160 m (520 ft)
 • Total4,458
 • Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes035891
Vehicle registrationGR, LÖB, NOL, NY, WSW, ZI

The town was first mentioned in 1268. In 1815, the town, became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. From 1816 until 1945 it was the seat of the district of Rothenburg (Ob. Laus.) in Prussian Silesia.

Rothenburg Protestant church

Localities of Rothenburg are Bremenhain (first mentioned in 1396), Geheege, Lodenau, Neusorge (first mentioned in 1564), Nieder-Neundorf, Steinbach and Uhsmannsdorf (first mentioned in 1388 as "Osansdorf").

Some of its attractions are the Town Park, Marketplace and the Evangelische Stadtkirche (Town Evangelical Church) which was built in 1798, the tower of which was badly damaged in April 1945, during an air-raid bombing. The church was restored later and stands at a focal-point of the town square and marketplace.

Points of interest include the former site of the Castle Rothenburg (b.1686-WWII) which once laid on the edge of the main town square, the dam on the Neisse river once used as a bathing area for locals, and Martinshof, a still operational home and complex for the mentally and physically disabled, the innovative brainchild of Friedrich von Martin in 1883. Most of the first houses and barns of the establishment still remain, bearing the original biblical names given to them by Martin himself, such as "Bethlehem".

Despite several landmarks in the town having been hit hard by shells from the air raids during the Second World War, the town has preserved much of its original medieval charm and old world feel. Nearby places of interest include Niesky to the southwest and Görlitz directly south of town, which is a true Medieval town complete with city walls, great hotels and festivals.

Population developmentEdit


  • 1815: 1028
  • 1844: 1013
  • 1885: 1310
  • 1925: 1617
  • 1970: 3500
  • 1990: 5500
  • 2015: 4760


  • Wigand of Gersdorff (1851-1920), Prussian general lieutenant
  • Paul Rentsch (1898-1944), dentist and resistance fighter; Righteous among the Nations
  • Iris Wittig (1928-1978), first military pilot of the GDR
  • Reinhard Leue (1929-2012), Protestant theologian, publicist, author and chronicler


  1. ^ "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen nach Gemeinden am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2020.
  2. ^ Rothenburg/O.L., Stadt. "Stadt Rothenburg/O.L. - Historisches".