Roslagsbanan

Roslagsbanan is a narrow gauge urban railway system in Roslagen, Stockholm County, Sweden. Its combined route length is 65 kilometres (40 miles) and there are 38 stations. It is built to the Swedish three foot (891 mm or 2 ft 11 332 in) gauge.

Roslagsbanan (Roslag Railway)
Stockholm commuter rail symbol.svg
Roslagsbanan.JPG
A train arrives at Viggbyholm on Roslagsbanan
Overview
TypeCommuter rail
LocaleStockholm County, Sweden
TerminiStockholm East
Näsbypark/Österskär/Kårsta
Daily ridership40,000 per workday (2017)[1]
Operation
Opened1885
OwnerStorstockholms Lokaltrafik
Operator(s)Arriva
Rolling stockSL X10p
Technical
Line length65 km (40.39 mi)
Number of tracks1 or 2
Track gaugeSwedish three foot (891 mm or 2 ft 11 332 in)
Electrification1,500 V DC
Operating speed80 km/h (50 mph)

The line starts in Stockholm at Stockholm East Station (Stockholms östra station, Stockholm Ö). It goes north and splits into three branch lines at the junction stations Djursholms Ösby and Roslags Näsby; the three branches terminate at Näsbypark, Österskär and Kårsta.

It is double track between Stockholm and Viggbyholm and between Rydbo and Åkersberga. The rest is single track, but the line to Vallentuna was being doubled in 2012[needs update] and Rydbo-Åkers Runö in 2013[needs update]. There are passing loops at some stations on the single track sections: at Altorp, Hägernäs, Österskär, Visinge, Täby kyrkby, Ormsta, Lindholmen and Kårsta.

Following a 2017 agreement between the Swedish state, Stockholm County, and the affected municipalities, the line will be extended to the centrally located underground hub T-Centralen, with construction to begin in approximately 2022.[2]

Ownership and present useEdit

 
Stockholm Ö in winter

The railway, owned by the Stockholm County Council through the public transport company Storstockholms Lokaltrafik (SL), is not part of the nationally owned network. It is the only narrow gauge railway in Sweden still in use for commercial traffic.[citation needed]

Roslagsbanan is part of the Stockholm public transport system. It is operated under contract by Arriva Sverige from 7 January 2013.[3] Arriva Sverige took over from previous contracted company Roslagståg AB, which was a joint venture by the Danish DSB and Tågkompaniet.[citation needed]

Despite its age and limited capacity it is one of the most used railways in Sweden. Since the late 1980s, the railway has constantly but slowly been upgraded to a modern standard with modernised rolling stock, higher platforms and straighter tracks allowing increased speed.[citation needed]

There are 15 departures from Stockholm East in the evening rush hour.[citation needed] In 2017, the railway had a ridership of 40,000 journeys per day.[1]

NetworkEdit

Roslagsbanan
 
Geographically accurate system map
Overview
HeadquartersStockholm, Sweden
LocaleStockholm County, Sweden
Dates of operation1885[4]–present
Technical
Track gauge891 mm (2 ft 11 332 in) Swedish three foot[5]
Electrification1,500 V DC
Length65 km or 40.4 mi[6]

The stations along Roslagsbanan are marked with a J symbol, which stands for the generic term järnvägsstation ("railway station") and is similar to the T symbol used by the Stockholm underground railway stations (tunnelbanestation) and the S used for tram stops (spårvägshållplats).

Roslagsbanan is now used by Storstockholms lokaltrafik (SL) for commuter transport. The present network comprises most of the southern part of what was once a much bigger network, made up of privately owned railways all over Roslagen, connecting Stockholm and Uppsala with the countryside and used for passenger and freight trains. For more information on this, see the history section below.

Line Route Length Stations Notes
27 Stockholm East StationDjursholms ÖsbyRoslags NäsbyVallentunaLindholmenKårsta 41.5 km (25.8 mi) 23 Opened 1885
28 Stockholm East StationDjursholms ÖsbyRoslags NäsbyÅkersbergaÖsterskär 29.5 km (18.3 mi) 20 Opened 1901 to Åkersberga, 1906 to Österskär
29 Stockholm East StationDjursholms ÖsbyLahällNäsbypark 11.5 km (7.1 mi) 12 Opened 1928 to Lahäll and 1937 to Näsbypark
Total 65 km (40 mi) 39

The line numbers are not displayed on the trains; only the name of the destination is displayed.

In the timetables of Samtrafiken, the lines do not have the numbers as stated above, but the numbers 121 for the line to Kårsta, 122 for the line to Österskär and 123 for the line to Näsbypark.

Rolling stockEdit

 
X10p at Stockholm East Station with UBp and UBxp

The present train sets were manufactured by ABB Railcar (now Bombardier) and delivered in 1988–1995. The train sets are owned by SL, but maintained and operated by Roslagståg.

The trains are made up of three different bogie vehicle types:

  • Motor coach X10p Number of vehicles: 35, Seating capacity: 72, Length: 19.9 metres, Weight: 27.7 tonnes, Power rating: 400 kW (540 hp), Maximum speed: 80 km/h (50 mph)
  • Driving trailer UBxp Number of vehicles: 34, Seating capacity: 76, Length: 19.9 metres (65 ft 3 in), Weight: 16.3 tonnes (16 long tons; 18 short tons)
  • Intermediate trailer UBp Number of vehicles: 32, Seating capacity: 80, Length: 19.9 metres (65 ft 3 in), Weight: 16 tonnes (15.7 long tons; 17.6 short tons)[7]

The trains were refurbished in 2011–2013, where some carriages were rebuilt with low floors, enabling wheelchair and pram access. The refurbishment also included new interiors and exteriors.[8]

There are some problems with the rolling stock. Previously, the carriages had very poor wheelchair accessibility due to narrow doors and stairs; with the 2012–2016 refurbishment, this has been fixed on some carriages. The trains are also very noisy, especially considering the railway mostly goes through built up suburban areas.[citation needed]

Because of this, in 2010 SL began the process of finding a company from which to order modern trains to meet the rising demand for departures on Roslagsbanan. 22 new trains were ordered from Stadler Rail in 2016 and are scheduled to be delivered in 2020. They are going to be named X15p.[9]

FutureEdit

Roslagsbanan is to be diverted to a new terminus at T-Centralen via a new tunnel from the Universitetet station through Odenplan, parallel to Citybanan. This will allow passengers to commute faster within the city, as T-Centralen is served by all lines of the Stockholm Metro as well as Spårväg City and is connected to the central station. When the extension is completed, Stockholms östra will become obsolete and close down. The stretch of track from Universitetet to the old terminus will be dismantled to make way for 500 apartments. The line will gain much more importance, and a further 1,500 flats are planned to be built along the line in Täby and Vallentuna municipalities, aiming to ease the ongoing housing crisis in Stockholm. The project is estimated to cost 7 billion kronor and is expected to be completed by 2026.[10]

A feasibility study into extending the Roslagsbanan to Arlanda Airport was completed in 2010, followed by a public consultation in 2012.[11]

Current picturesEdit

HistoryEdit

The present Roslagsbanan was once just the southern part of a large narrow gauge system throughout Roslagen and eastern Uppland, connecting Stockholm and Uppsala with ports, smaller towns and parts of the countryside and used for both freight and passenger transport.

In 1885 the line from Stockholm East Station to Rimbo was opened, today the longest branch of Roslagsbanan. It was originally built and operated by the private enterprise Stockholm-Rimbo Järnväg (SRJ). In 1909 SRJ changed its name to Stockholm–Roslagens Järnvägar (with the same abbreviation) following the take-over of companies running adjacent lines.

Roslagsbanan is one of the oldest electrified railway lines for public transport in Europe. The first Stockholm–Djursholm suburban section, Djursholmsbanan, was electrified in 1892,[6] and at the time continued into the city center by way of the tram network, ending at Engelbrektsplan next to Humlegården.[citation needed]

In the beginning of the 20th century and well into the 1950s, Djursholms Ösby, a branch station on Roslagsbanan, was one of the busiest railway stations in Sweden with trains stopping every three minutes with three different branches dividing from there, transporting people and goods.[citation needed]

In the years following World War II, more and more of Swedish railways were nationalised through Statens Järnvägar (SJ), a fate also shared by Roslagsbanan. In 1969 Stockholm County took control over the Stockholm–Rimbo network (now referred to as 'Roslagsbanan') from SJ with the public transport company SL managing the railway.[citation needed]

In 1960 the Djursholmsbanan tracks to Engelbrektsplan were closed, making Stockholm East Station the system's terminus, thus passengers wishing to travel on with the Stockholm metro have had to transfer to the adjacent Tekniska högskolan metro station since 1973. One of the two Djursholm branches (Eddavägslinjen) was closed by SL in 1976.[12]

When SL took over the railway it had many problems. It was narrow gauge and not connected to the rest of the rail network in any way. It was slow, being outperformed by busses, especially to the areas near the end of line, and it was mostly single-track and had low capacity. Because of this there was a strong political interest to close the railway and replace it with buses and a metro line to Täby. The public opinion was much against this and after a referendum in 1980 the county decided to save the Roslagsbanan and invest in new trains and modernize the infrastructure and formed a new company SLJ to run Roslagsbanan. Despite this the northernmost portion, Kårsta–Rimbo was closed in 1981, and the plan was to close the part Lindholmen–Kårsta as well, but it was temporarily kept due to the poor roads in the area which would be problematic for bus transport. Even though the roads have been improved the line to Kårsta is still in use today and there are currently no plans to close it. In January 2010 the Frescati station was closed to avoid congestion and the Universitetet station was moved 500 metres (550 yards) north to better serve Stockholm University.[citation needed]

Older trainsEdit

The trains which were still in use until the early 1990s were partly vehicles as old as from the beginning of the century. Some of these old brown and wooden wagons have been saved, the oldest ones being from 1914. They are owned by Spårvägsmuseet (Stockholm Tramway Museum) and are managed by Roslagsbanans Veterantågsförening (RBV) ("the Veteran Train Club for Roslagsbanan") and can be chartered for events.

Some old trains have also been sold to other Swedish narrow gauge railways, which are now only heritage railways, where they are used for tourists.

Pictures of formerly used partsEdit

Current networks previously connected to RoslagsbananEdit

Some of the northern parts of the once bigger network are still in use, but these are not formally called Roslagsbanan. These two parts are

Closed parts of Roslagsbanan (south of Rimbo)Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Fakta om SL och länet 2017 (PDF) (Report) (in Swedish). Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. p. 34. Retrieved 2019-08-09.
  2. ^ Toll, Michael; Andreas, Jennische (2017-03-30). "Beskedet: Här får Storstockholm ny tunnelbana och spårvagn". Stockholm Direkt. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ SL annual report for the fiscal year 2007: Page 34 (PDF) (Report). SL. 2008-06-27. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-02-26. Retrieved 2009-02-01.
  5. ^ "Tekniska fakta - Roslagsbanan". sl.se (in Swedish). SL. 2006-06-01. Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved 2009-02-01.
  6. ^ a b "Historia". sl.se (in Swedish). SL. 2006-06-01. Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved 2009-02-01.
  7. ^ http://www.roslagstag.se/?page=4
  8. ^ Upprustade och nya tåg på Roslagsbanan
  9. ^ Stadler to supply new trains for Stockholm’s Roslagsbanan
  10. ^ "Så ska Roslagsbanan till city byggas snabbare". mitti.se (in Swedish). 6 February 2019.
  11. ^ "Tvärförbindelse Roslagsbanan–Arlanda". Stockholm County Council. Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
  12. ^ http://www.historiskt.nu/smalsp/srj/dhj/dhj.html

External linksEdit