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Roscoe C. Patterson

Roscoe Conkling Patterson (September 15, 1876 – October 22, 1954) was an American lawyer from Missouri. He was most notable for his service as a United States Representative (1921-1923) and a Senator (1929-1935).

Roscoe C. Patterson
PATTERSON, ROSCOE. SENATOR LCCN2016861077 (cropped).jpg
United States Senator
from Missouri
In office
March 4, 1929 – January 3, 1935
Preceded byJames A. Reed
Succeeded byHarry S. Truman
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 7th district
In office
March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923
Preceded bySamuel C. Major
Succeeded bySamuel C. Major
Personal details
Roscoe Conkling Patterson

(1876-09-15)September 15, 1876
Springfield, Missouri
DiedOctober 22, 1954(1954-10-22) (aged 78)
Springfield, Missouri
Political partyRepublican
Alma materUniversity of Missouri
Washington University in St. Louis

Early lifeEdit

Patterson was born in Springfield, Missouri on September 15, 1876.[1] He attended public and private schools, Drury College, (Springfield) and the University of Missouri in Columbia.[1] He graduated from the law department of Washington University (St. Louis) in 1897, was admitted to the bar later that year, and commenced practice in Springfield.[1]

Start of careerEdit

From 1903 to 1907, Patterson served as prosecuting attorney of Greene County.[1] In 1912, Patterson was appointed to the Missouri Republican State Committee, and he served until 1920.[1]

Patterson was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1920 and served in the 67th Congress, March 4, 1921 to March 3, 1923.[1] He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1922 and resumed the practice of law in Springfield.[1] He was a presidential elector in 1924.[2]

From 1925 to 1928, Patterson resided in Kansas City, Missouri and was United States district attorney for the western district of Missouri.[1] He resigned in 1928 in order to accept the Republican nomination for United States Senator.[1]

U.S. SenateEdit

Patterson won the general election in November 1928.[1] He took his Senate seat the following year and served one term, March 4, 1929 to January 3, 1935.[1] While in the Senate, he was chairman of the Committee on Mines and Mining (72nd Congress).[3] His chief legislative accomplishment was sponsorship of the Lindbergh Law, which enabled federal authorities to investigate kidnappings if the victims were transported across state lines.[1]

Patterson served during the Great Depression, which was largely blamed on Republican economic policies.[1] He consistently opposed the New Deal remedies of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, which made him unpopular in Missouri.[1] As a result, Patterson was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in the 1934 election, losing the general election to the Democratic nominee, Harry S. Truman.[1]

Later careerEdit

After leaving the Senate, Patterson resumed the practice of law in Springfield.[4] For several years, Patterson was a member of the Missouri Appellate Judicial Commission.[5]

Death and burialEdit

Patterson suffered a stroke in July 1954.[4] His health deteriorated and he died in Springfield on October 22, 1954.[4] He was buried at Maple Park Cemetery in Springfield.[6]


Patterson was married to Ada Holman of Springfield (1877-1957).[7] They were the parents of two children, Paul (1902-1924)[8] and Hadley (1908-1958).[9]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Christensen, p. 598.
  2. ^ Barrett, p. 20.
  3. ^ Senate, p. 110.
  4. ^ a b c Christensen, p. 599.
  5. ^ Toberman, p. 286.
  6. ^ Spencer, p. 131.
  7. ^ Leader-Press, p. 11.
  8. ^ Republican, p. 6.
  9. ^ News-Leader, p. 1.



  • Barrett, Paul W.; Barrett, Mary H. (1988). Young Brothers Massacre. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press. ISBN 978-0-8262-0650-3.
  • Christensen, Lawrence O.; Foley, William E.; Kremer, Gary, eds. (1999). Dictionary of Missouri Biography. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press. ISBN 978-0-8262-6016-1.
  • Spencer, Thomas E. (1998). Where They're Buried. Baltimore, MD: Clearfield Company. ISBN 978-0-8063-4823-0.
  • Toberman, Walter H. (1951). Official Manual of the State of Missouri. Jefferson City, MO: Missouri Secretary of State.
  • U.S. Senate Committee on Mines and Mining (1932). Hearing Record: To Create a Bituminous Coal Commission. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.


External linksEdit