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Roscoe Conkling Patterson (September 15, 1876 – October 22, 1954) was a United States Representative and Senator from Missouri.

Roscoe C. Patterson
PATTERSON, ROSCOE. SENATOR LCCN2016861077 (cropped).jpg
United States Senator
from Missouri
In office
March 4, 1929 – January 3, 1935
Preceded byJames A. Reed
Succeeded byHarry S. Truman
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 7th district
In office
March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923
Preceded bySamuel C. Major
Succeeded bySamuel C. Major
Personal details
Roscoe Conkling Patterson

(1876-09-15)September 15, 1876
Springfield, Missouri
DiedOctober 22, 1954(1954-10-22) (aged 78)
Springfield, Missouri
Political partyRepublican

Born in Springfield, Missouri, he attended public and private schools, Drury College, (Springfield) and the University of Missouri in Columbia. He graduated from the law department of Washington University (St. Louis) in 1897, was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Springfield. He was prosecuting attorney of Greene County from 1903 to 1907, and was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-seventh Congress, serving from March 4, 1921 to March 3, 1923. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1922 to the Sixty-eighth Congress and resumed the practice of law in Springfield.

He was a presidential elector on the Republican ticket in 1924, and in 1925 he moved to Kansas City, Missouri. From 1925 to 1929 he was United States district attorney for the western district of Missouri; he resigned in 1929 and was elected to the U.S. Senate, serving from March 4, 1929, to January 3, 1935. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in the 1934 election. He was defeated by Harry S. Truman, who later became President of the United States. While in the Senate, he was chairman of the Committee on Mines and Mining (Seventy-second Congress).

Patterson resumed the practice of law in Springfield, was a member of the Missouri Appellate Judicial Commission, and died in Springfield in 1954. Interment was in Maple Park Cemetery, southeast of the city.


  • United States Congress. "Roscoe C. Patterson (id: P000127)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • Roscoe C. Patterson at Find a Grave
  • Gallery of Past U.S. Attorneys for the Western District of Missouri at United States Attorneys Office for the Western District of Missouri
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Samuel C. Major
United States Representative for the 7th Congressional District of Missouri
Succeeded by
Samuel C. Major
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
James A. Reed
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Missouri
Served alongside: Harry B. Hawes, Bennett Champ Clark
Succeeded by
Harry S. Truman