|President of Sicily|
10 November 2012 – 18 November 2017
|Preceded by||Raffaele Lombardo|
|Succeeded by||Nello Musumeci|
|Member of the European Parliament|
for Italian Islands
14 July 2009 – 16 December 2012
|Mayor of Gela|
18 March 2003 – 23 September 2009
|Born||8 February 1951|
Gela, Sicily, Italy
|Political party||PCI (until 1991)|
PD (since 2008)
A prominent figure in the fight against the Mafia, in 2009 he was elected as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP). He was President of Sicily between 2012 and 2017 following the Sicilian regional elections of 2012, thus becoming the second openly gay head of a regional government in Italy after Nichi Vendola.
Born in Gela, Sicily, in 1951, Crocetta is the son of a water-worker and a seamstress. His older brother is former PCI senator Salvatore Crocetta. After having received his diploma he worked for ENI in Gela.
Crocetta started his political career in the 1980s within the Italian Communist Party (dissolved in 1991), later joining the Communist Refoundation Party. In 1998, he was appointed as Councillor for Culture in the City Council of Gela with the Federation of the Greens, and was engaged in cultural projects shared between Mediterranean countries. In 2000, he joined the Party of Italian Communists. In 2001-2002 he worked as a Councillor for Public Education in Gela.
In May 2002, he contested the mayoral elections for Gela as a center-left coalition candidate. At first, right-wing candidate Giovanni Scaglione was declared elected, with a narrow margin of 197 votes. But in 2003, the Administrative Court of Sicily established that electoral frauds took place in town elections and subsequently proclaimed Crocetta as mayor. Telephone tappings revealed that a local Mafia boss ordered a returning officer to "move heaven and earth in order to avoid the communist faggot to win". Since then, being the first openly gay mayor of Italy, he became for many a symbol of the fight against obscurantism and organized crime in Sicily. In 2007, he was re-elected mayor of Gela with 64.4 percent of the vote.
In 2008, he joined the Democratic Party. In the 2009 European elections he was elected as a member of the European Parliament for the Italian Islands constituency with 150,091 votes. In 2012, Crocetta ran as gubernatorial candidate against Sebastiano "Nello" Musumeci of Berlusconi's PDL party and eight other minor party candidates. Crocetta ran in Sicily on the ticket of La Rivoluzione è Già Iniziata (The Revolution Has Already Started) and obtained 30.5 percent of the votes, becoming the first left-wing governor of Sicily since 1947.
On 19 July 2017 Rosario Crocetta announced his candidacy to the presidency at the November regional elections, with the list The Megaphone – Crocetta List, without the support of the Democratic Party. After the decision of the Democratic Party to nominate the rector of the University of Palermo Fabrizio Micari, on 3 September 2017 Crocetta withdrew from the race, and instead supporting Micari with his list.
Fight against Mafia and assassination attemptsEdit
Throughout his political career, Crocetta has been a forthright proponent of the fight against organized crime in Sicily. Consequently, he has been the target of several Mafia attacks.
In 2003, a plot to kill Crocetta during the patronal feast of the Immaculate Conception involving a Lithuanian killer was thwarted by the local Carabinieri. After that episode, Crocetta was placed under security.
In 2010, a new assassination plot against Crocetta was thwarted, and five people affiliated with the local Mafia were arrested.
Crocetta is openly gay. He was the first openly gay mayor in Italy when he became Mayor of Gela in 2003 till 2009. He is also the second openly gay head of a regional government in Italy after Nichi Vendola when he was the President of Sicily between 2012-2017.
- "Sindaco gay a Gela". La Repubblica. 11 March 2003. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- "Crocetta: "Così ho vinto la mafia" Gare d'appalto davanti ai carabinieri - Politica - Repubblica.it". www.repubblica.it. Retrieved 2016-01-04.
- "Security Check Required". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2016-01-04.
- "Crocetta: "Così ho vinto la mafia"". La Repubblica. 15 May 2007. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- "Elezioni comunali 2007". La Repubblica. 15 May 2007. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- "Elezioni europee ed amministrative del 6 - 7 giugno 2009" (in Italian). Italian Ministry of Internal Affairs. Archived from the original on June 11, 2009. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
- "Sicily's electoral shock". The Economist. 30 October 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- "Regional Election Results 28 October 2012, Sicily".
- "Rosario Crocetta". European Union Committee of the Regions. Archived from the original on October 31, 2013. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
- "Crocetta parla ormai da candidato e sfida il Pd: "Partito fa viaggi della speranza invece di decidere" (VIDEO)". BlogSicilia (in Italian). July 20, 2017. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
- "Gela, per eliminare il sindaco la mafia paga un killer lituano". La Repubblica. 8 September 2004. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- "Un piano di morte per Crocetta i preparativi ascoltati in diretta". La Repubblica. 9 February 2008. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- "Gela, dal carcere duro la condanna a morte". La Repubblica. 20 January 2010. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- Il Fatto quotidiano
- "Rosario Crocetta si confessa: "Se potessi tornare indietro, non farei coming out"". Libero. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 4 July 2017.