Rosalie (musical)

Rosalie is a musical with music by George Gershwin and Sigmund Romberg, lyrics by Ira Gershwin and P.G. Wodehouse, and book by William Anthony McGuire and Guy Bolton. The story tells of a princess from a faraway land who comes to America and falls in love with a West Point Lieutenant.

MusicGeorge Gershwin
Sigmund Romberg
LyricsIra Gershwin
P.G. Wodehouse
BookWilliam Anthony McGuire
Guy Bolton
Productions1928 Broadway
1937 Film

It was first produced on Broadway in 1928 at the New Amsterdam Theatre. It was adapted in 1937 as a musical film with songs by Cole Porter.



The musical, produced by Florenz Ziegfeld, premiered on Broadway at the New Amsterdam Theatre on January 10, 1928 and ran for 335 performances. Directed by William Anthony McGuire, the cast starred Marilyn Miller as the princess, Frank Morgan as her father, King Cyril, Bobbe Arnst (Mary), Margaret Dale (the Queen), and Jack Donahue.[1] The set designer, Joseph Urban, and costume designer, John Harkrider "devised elaborate stage pictures ranging from a public a West Point ballroom to a Paris nightclub." Michel Fokine choreographed the second act ballet, and there was a chorus of 64.[2] The musical was a mixture of operetta and a 1920s musical.[3]

Subsequent productionsEdit

Rosalie was performed in many regional theatres, including the Paper Mill Playhouse, Millburn, New Jersey in 1946 and 1948, and the St. Louis Municipal Opera (The Muny) six times between 1938 and 1960. These productions frequently used some Cole Porter songs from the film.[2]

There was a production of Rosalie in 1957 starring Mimi Benzell, David Brooks and Henny Youngman.[citation needed]

The New Amsterdam Theatre Company presented a staged concert in April 1983 at The Town Hall in New York City. The New York Times reviewer noted that, without its "lavish spectacle", the musical is "the giddiest of period operetta confections, buoyed by half a dozen memorable tunes." He further wrote that two of Gershwins' strongest songs, " 'Yankee Doodle Rhythm' and 'The Man I Love,' were cut from the show before it opened on Broadway."[4]


In the kingdom of Romanza, the crowd assembles to await the arrival of the West Point flyer Lieutenant Richard Fay, coming to visit a girl whom he met in Paris. Mary O'Brien is waiting for her boyfriend, Bill, who she thinks is on the flight with Lt. Fay. When Dick and Rosalie meet, they realize they are in love ("Say So!"). Dick finds out that she is a Princess and he angrily leaves. King Cyril reluctantly goes to visit America to obtain a loan for his troubled country, accompanied by his daughter Princess Rosalie and the Queen.

Princess Rosalie visits West Point, but she is disguised. The cadets welcome the royal family ("West Point March"), and Dick and Rosalie continue their romantic relationship ("Oh Gee-Oh Joy"). However, Rosalie agrees to marry Captain Carl, whose father is a Prince, to keep Dick from being tried in court ("Kingdom of Dreams").

At a dance at West Point, Mary and Bill, who had been fighting, make up ("Ev'rybody Knows I Love Somebody"). Rosalie attends the dance, disguised as a cadet ("Follow the Drum"). Mary wonders about the feelings she has for Bill ("How Long Has This Been Going On?"). Dick and Rosalie return to Romanza and start a revolution so that her royal duties will no longer keep them apart. Exiled to Paris, Rosalie and a group of dancers perform ("The Ballet of the Flowers"), and King Cyril happily announces the engagement of Rosalie and Dick.

Musical numbersEdit

± Originally used in Funny Face but was cut from that musical; ±± originally used in, and cut from, Oh, Kay!;±±± added after opening, revised version of "Heaven on Earth" from Oh, Kay!.[1]


Brooks Atkinson wrote that Marilyn Miller was "engaging", but Rosalie "did not match her Sunny or the 'perfection' of Show Boat.[3] Alexander Woollcott commented "The house holds its breath and in walks Marilyn Miller."[3]

Film adaptationEdit

MGM produced a film version of the musical in 1937.[5] The film follows the story of the musical but replaces most of the score with new songs by Cole Porter. MGM's top tap dancer at the time, Eleanor Powell, was cast as the princess opposite Nelson Eddy as Dick Thorpe (Lieutenant Fay in the musical). Morgan reprised his Broadway role as King Fredrick (King Cyril in the stage version). Also appearing in the film were Ray Bolger (Bill), Edna May Oliver (the Queen), Ilona Massey (Brenda) and Reginald Owen (Chancellor).[6][7] Marjorie Lane dubbed the singing voice for Powell.[8] In order to capitalize upon Powell's renown as a dancer, the film was retooled to allow her several showcase musical numbers.[9] Songs included "In the Still of the Night".[6] The reviewer at called the film an "overproduced musical extravaganza", and noted that "The flimsy plot all but collapses under the weight of Gibbons' enormous sets and dance director David Gould's ditto choreography."[10]


  1. ^ a b Suskin, Steven. "Chapter:George Gershwin"Show Tunes: The Songs, Shows of Broadway's Major Composers (4 ed.), Oxford University Press US, 2010, ISBN 0-19-531407-7, pp. 57, 68
  2. ^ a b Pollack, Howard. "'Rosalie'" George Gershwin: His Life and Work, University of California Press, 2006, ISBN 0-520-24864-3, pp. 422, 425, accessed January 14, 2011
  3. ^ a b c Hyland, William. "'Rosalie'" George Gershwin: A New Biography, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003, ISBN 0-275-98111-8, p. 118
  4. ^ Holden, Stephen. "Music Noted in Brief; 1928 Musical 'Rosalie' In Concert at Town Hall" New York Times, April 21, 1983
  5. ^ "'Rosalie', Film Production, Cast, Synopsis", accessed January 14, 2011
  6. ^ a b Green, Stanley; Schmidt, Elaine. "'Rosalie'" Hollywood Musicals Year By Year, Hal Leonard Corporation, 2000, ISBN 0-634-00765-3, p. 77, accessed January 14, 2011
  7. ^ "'Rosalie' Cast, Crew, Production and Plot", accessed January 15, 2011
  8. ^ Taves, Brian. P.G. Wodehouse and Hollywood: screenwriting, satires, and adaptations, McFarland, 2006, ISBN 0-7864-2288-2, pp. 167-168
  9. ^ Háy, Peter (1991), MGM: When the Lion Roars, Atlanta: Turner Publishing, Inc., pp. 144–145, ISBN 1-878685-04-X
  10. ^ Wollstein, Hans J. "'Rosalie'", accessed January 15, 2011

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