Rosa Valetti

Rosa Valetti (25 January 1876, Berlin, Germany – 10 December 1937, Vienna, Austria), born Rosa Alice Vallentin, was a German actress, cabaret performer, and singer.

Rosa Vallentin
2018-07-18 Sterne der Satire - Walk of Fame des Kabaretts Nr 55 Rosa Valetti-1090.jpg
Walk of Fame of Cabaret: Rosa Valetti
Born
Rosa Alice Vallentin

(1876-03-17)17 March 1876
Died10 December 1937(1937-12-10) (aged 61)
OccupationActress
Years active1911–1934

BiographyEdit

Rosa Valetti was born in Berlin, the daughter of industrialist Felix Vallentin and sister of actor Hermann Vallentin. She played her first roles in the theatres of suburban Berlin. Inspired by the November Revolution and her meeting with political satirist Kurt Tucholsky, Valetti began performing in cabarets. In 1920, she founded the Café Grössenwahn ("Café Megalomania"), which has been recognized as one of the most important literary and political cabarets in 1920s Berlin. Café Megalomania was frequented by Expressionist writers, and the program of sketch comedy and political songs reflected Valetti's belief in the cabaret as an instrument of political and social criticism.[1]

The inflation of 1919 to 1923 and the subsequent collapse of the German economy forced Valetti to close Cafe Megalomania. She directed the cabaret Rakete for a time, then launched another cafe of her own, the Rampe, which hosted the works of revolutionist poet and singer Erich Weinert. Valetti was among the founders of the floating cabaret Larifari during the late 1920s.[2] In 1928 she performed as Mrs. Peachum in the original cast of Bertolt Brecht's Threepenny Opera, which was staged under the direction of Erich Engel at Berlin's Theater am Schiffbauerdamm.[3]

Rosa Valetti acted in film roles from 1911. Her age and sturdy mien ensured that she acted mostly in motherly roles, as in the 1925 film Die Prinzessin und der Geiger (The Princess and the Violinist), in which she played a 46-year-old grandmother. In Josef von Sternberg's 1930 film Der Blaue Engel (The Blue Angel) she plays the wife of the magician, Kiepert (Kurt Gerron). Valetti also appears briefly in Fritz Lang's 1931 classic M as the proprietor of an underworld cafe.

In 1933, Valetti went into exile, performing first in Vienna and Prague, then in Palestine in 1936. She married actor Ludwig Roth and had a daughter, the actress Lisl Valetti, with him.

Rosa Valetti died in Vienna on 10 December 1937. She was buried at the Urnenhain. The grave existed until 2001.

A street in Berlin's Mahlsdorf district is named "Rosa-Valetti-Strasse" in her honour.

Selected filmographyEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Appignanesi, p. 138.
  2. ^ Appignanesi, p. 139.
  3. ^ Von Eckhardt & Gilman, pp. 88–89.

SourcesEdit

  • Appignanesi, Lisa (1976). The Cabaret. New York: Universe Books. ISBN 978-0-87663-235-2.
  • Von Eckardt, Wolf; Gilman, Sander L. (1975). Bertolt Brecht's Berlin: A Scrapbook of the Twenties. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press. ISBN 978-0-385-05501-7.

External linksEdit