Rorion Gracie (Portuguese: [ˈʁɔɾjõ ˈɡɾejsi]; born January 10, 1952) is a Brazilian American Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Grand Master, a prominent member of the Gracie family, writer, publisher, producer, lecturer, and the co-founder of the Ultimate Fighting Championship. He is the oldest son of Hélio Gracie and one of the few people in the world to hold a 9th degree red belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, and is widely recognized as one of the men responsible for introducing Gracie/Brazilian Jiu-jitsu to the United States and the world following the arrival of first cousin, Carley Gracie in 1972.
|Born||January 10, 1952|
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Rank||9th Degree Red Belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu|
|Notable students||Rener Gracie, Ryron Gracie, Ralek Gracie, Chuck Norris John McCarthy, Ed O'Neill, Michael Clarke Duncan, Eve Torres, Javier Vazquez, CM Punk|
Early life and educationEdit
Rorion started Jiu-Jitsu at a young age, doing demonstrations and classes. He spent his youth learning how to teach under the tutelage of his father, Grand Master Hélio Gracie. In December 1969, he travelled to the United States for a vacation returning to Brazil in the end of 1970. He attended the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, graduating with a degree in Law.
In 1978, Rorion Gracie moved to Southern California where he worked as an extra in movies and television. Attempting to spread Jiu-Jitsu culture, he laid some mats in his garage in Hermosa Beach and invited people he met to try the sport. In 1985, Rorion invited his 18-year-old brother, Royce, to move to America.
Rorion was a technical adviser for the 1987 movie Lethal Weapon providing training to actors Mel Gibson and Gary Busey. The director Richard Donner wanted Gibson's character to have a unique style of fighting never seen onscreen before with the second assistant director Willie Simmons, who was interested in unusual forms of martial arts, choosing BJJ and two other martial arts styles to use in the movie.
In 1988, Rorion produced the documentary Gracie Jiu-Jitsu In Action. In 1989, Rorion with brothers Royce, Rickson and Royler, opened the first Gracie Jiu-Jitsu Academy in Torrance, California. In 1991, he produced The Basics of Gracie Jiu-Jitsu, a five volume training video series together with a special edition volume.
In 1993, inspired by countless exhibition matches termed the "Gracie Challenge", a tradition that started with his uncle and Gracie jiu-jitsu co-founder Carlos Gracie, Rorion teamed with promoter and business executive Art Davie in the creation of the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC). Davie had always dreamed of an inter-discipline contest, pitting various martial arts against one another to determine the most effective. Rorion was only interested in showcasing his father's style, and demonstrating its dominance. Through this pay-per-view spectacle, he hoped to show that, in a "no time limit - no rules" setting, Gracie jiu-jitsu was the only system of self-defense that would give someone a realistic chance of defeating a larger, more athletic adversary. Davie recruited seven martial artists of different styles to participate in a single-elimination tournament. Rorion enlisted his brother Royce to represent the family style in the competition. Due to his smaller frame and relatively low body weight, Royce would be the smallest competitor, making an excellent example of the powers of Gracie Jiu-Jitsu.
In the early 1970s, Carley Gracie had trained US Marines based at the US consulate in Rio de Janeiro and subsequently in 1972 provided training to Marines at the Marine Corps Base Quantico in Virginia. In 1994, following UFC, a small group of high-ranking military personnel, from the most elite unit in the US Army Special Operations Forces, contacted Rorion and asked him to develop an objective hand-to-hand combat course based on the most effective techniques of Gracie Jiu-Jitsu. The result was the Gracie Combatives military course that was taught to US Special Operations Forces, conventional US military units and the CIA. In January 2002, the techniques were the foundation of the official US Army Modern Army Combatives Program (MACP). The Gracie Resisting Attack Procedures for Law Enforcement (GRAPLE) was also concurrently developed with the combatives course, following a similar request from law enforcement for a defensive tactics training course, that was adopted by virtually all US law enforcement. The two courses were later merged to create the Gracie Survival Tactics (GST), a combative and defensive tactics course, for both military and law enforcement.
Rorion wrote and published the book The Gracie Diet in 2010.
- "Rorion Gracie". On The Mat. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015.
- MMANationDotCom (4 December 2012). "Chuck Norris talks about his first time training with the Gracies" – via YouTube.
- "Rorion Gracie". Gracie Academy. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- Clifton, Paul (December 1997). "Carley Gracie - The Lion of the Gracie Family!". Combat. Vol. 23 no. 12. Birmingham, UK: Martial Arts Publications. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- Williams, James; Pranin, Stanley (1994). "Interview with Rorion Gracie". Aikido Journal. ISSN 1340-5624. Part 1 issue 101 & Part 2 issue 106. Archived from the original on 22 November 2007.
- Intro to Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu: Part 1 - The History. Art of Manliness. 3 October 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- "Timeline". Gracie Academy. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- O'Neill, Terry (1987). "Lethal Weapon Terry O'Neill interviews Mel Gibson". Fighting Arts International. No. 44. England. pp. 10–14. OCLC 500109467. Archived from the original on 26 November 2001.
- Wheeler-Dixon, Cheryl. "Lethal Wheeler Still Using Her Weapons". Black Belt. Vol. 30 no. 6. Rainbow Publications. p. 11. ISSN 0277-3066. June 1992.
- Gracie, Rorion (1988). Gracie Jiu-Jitsu In Action (Videotape). Torrance, CA: Gracie Jiu Jitsu. OCLC 19660633.
- Gracie, Rorion; Gracie, Royce (1992). The Basics of Gracie jiu-jitsu (Videotape). Torrance, CA: Gracie Videos. OCLC 26925307. Produced by Brajitsu.
- Davie, Art (2014). Is This Legal?: The Inside Story of The First UFC from the Man Who Created It. Ascend Books. p. 272. ISBN 978-0991275649.
- Cruz, Guilherme (12 November 2013). "Rorion Gracie and the day he created the UFC". MMA Fighting. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- "Gracie Survival Tactics". Gracie Academy. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- Gracie, Rorion (2010). The Gracie diet : what Grand Master Carlos Gracie discovered about eating after 65 years of research and experimentation. Torrance, CA: Gracie Publications. ISBN 9781450741552.
- "Hall of Fame Inductee Directory". Black Belt. Archived from the original on 28 January 2010.