Rondout is an unincorporated community in Lake County, Illinois, United States that first formed around a railroad junction. The area is located within Libertyville Township. As Rondout is an unincorporated community rather than a municipality, it lacks clearly defined borders, and shares postal codes with Lake Bluff, Lake Forest and Libertyville, Illinois. It has its own elementary school which comes under Rondout School District 72. Illinois Route 176 passes east–west through Rondout, serving as the "main street" of the community, where it is also called "Rockland Road".
Amtrak Empire Builder at Rondout station in 1983
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
60044, 60045, 60048
|Area code(s)||847, 224|
Between 1870 and 1872, the Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad (later the Milwaukee Road; since 1985 the Canadian Pacific Railway - CPR) completed a railroad line between Chicago, Illinois and Milwaukee, Wisconsin. In 1880, a branch line was built to Libertyville, Illinois, and the new junction was known as Libertyville Junction. People referred to the community around the junction as Sulfur Glen, due to the high amounts of sulphur in the water nearby. In 1888, the community was renamed Rondout, after Rondout, New York. One account has the community renaming itself in an unsuccessful attempt to attract a business from the aforementioned town in New York. Another has a Sulfur Glen resident asking the railroad to rename the community after his former hometown.
In 1951, Peter Baker & Son Co. moved their asphalt plant from Lake Forest to Rondout, contributing to the development of the area.
History of Rondout and RailroadsEdit
As noted above, the initial north-south and northwest three-way railroad junction was built in 1880 by a predecessor of the CPR, which still operates it.
In 1889, another railroad line was built that crossed the Milwaukee & St. Paul/CPR northeast-southwest at grade, just south of the first Rondout junction point. This new 1889 line was built by the Waukegan and Southwestern Railway, then acquired shortly thereafter by the Elgin, Joliet & Eastern Railway, which was in turn acquired in 2009 by the Canadian National Railway (CNR). The crossing and the freight interchange connecting the CNR newer line to what is now the CPR still exist as of 2017. This new 1889 crossing necessitated the construction of an interlocking tower southeast of the expanded junction.
Then, in 1902, the Chicago & Milwaukee Electric Railway's branch to Mundelein was built, parallel to Rockland Road and passing over the EJ&E and Milwaukee Road above grade, almost directly above the existing Rondout junction. In 1916, Samuel Insull purchased and reorganized the Chicago & Milwaukee as the Chicago, North Shore and Milwaukee, often called the North Shore Line. The North Shore Line's freight interchange with the Milwaukee Road, and its above-grade Rondout Station passenger platforms and shelters, survived until the entire North Shore Line went out of business in January, 1963.
In the first decade of the 20th century, Rondout junction's original grade-level interlocking tower was replaced by a brick structure. By 2013, it was one of the few remaining railroad interlocking towers in Illinois. In early 2015, it was reported to have been closed and slated for demolition.
On June 14, 1924, Rondout was the site of the largest train robbery in United States history. Several outlaws, including the "Newton Gang" and a corrupt postal inspector, successfully carried out a robbery of more than $2 million of cash, jewelry and securities. All of the conspirators were caught and prosecuted shortly afterwards, all but $100,000 of the stolen goods were recovered, and a historical marker was built to commemorate the event.
As of 2017[update] commuter trains still pass through Rondout on the Milwaukee District / North Line, and they formerly stopped there at the main Rondout Station located on Rockland Road, just south of the junction's split between the Libertyville/Fox Lake, Illinois, branch and the Chicago-Milwaukee main line at the diamond with the EJ&E. The station house was removed on January 1, 1979, but Regional Transportation Authority/Metra commuter trains continued stopping at Rondout station until November 22nd, 1984. The station platforms and signage remained for a time. Most of the platform was demolished in 1997, and access to the remaining platform was officially restricted on January 1, 2002.
Rondout's Railroads TodayEdit
Metra's Milwaukee District / North Line commuter trains, between Chicago and Fox Lake, Illinois, via Lake Forest and Libertyville, continue to pass through Rondout junction to the present day (2017). So do Amtrak's Hiawatha Service and Empire Builder intercity passenger trains, using the Chicago-Milwaukee, Wisconsin, main line.
At the Rondout railroad junction today (2017), just south of Rt. 176/Rockland Road, the CNR's single-track Leithton Subdivision (operated by CNR's Wisconsin Central subsidiary) still crosses the north-south C&M (rail) Subdivision. The Union Pacific Railroad has trackage rights on the Leithton Subdivsion. The Fox Lake (rail) Subdivision still branches off to the northwest, through Libertyville. Metra now owns the Fox Lake Subdivision and the portion of the C&M Subdivision from Rondout south, while the CPR still owns the north portion, and the CPR's Soo Line dispatches all of both subdivisions. Railroads that have trackage rights over various parts of the two subdivisions include Amtrak, the CPR, the Indiana Rail Road, Metra and the Wisconsin and Southern Railroad.
Rondout is served by Rondout School District 72, consisting of a lone elementary school, Rondout School. The school provides education from Kindergarten through Eighth Grade to students living in Rondout and several adjacent communities. Graduates of Rondout School attend Libertyville High School.
Appearances in mediaEdit
- Rondout School and District 72. Retrieved 31 March 2017
- Carlstone, Linda Mae (12 May 1991). "Since The Big Robbery, It's Been A Long Slide Into Oblivion". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- Doughty, Geoffrey H. (2006). Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railway In Color - Volume 1: Streetcars & Electroburgers. Scotch Plains, New Jersey: Morning Sun Books. pp. 118–119. ISBN 1-58248-173-3.
- Doughty, Geoffrey H. (2007). Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railway In Color - Volume 2: Point of No Return. Scotch Plains, New Jersey: Morning Sun Books. pp. 70–71, 85, 90, 112–113, 123–124. ISBN 1-58248-197-0.
- "[Map No.] 5 [excerpted from 1st edition of Routes of the Electroliners, Bulletin 107]". Chicago: Central Electric Railfans' Association. 1963: 177. Archived from the original on 7 June 2010. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- Blaszak, Michael W. (July 1993). "Vanishing Towers: Timeless Rondout". Pacific Rail News: 56.
- "Chicago's Rondout Tower bows out". Trains. Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing. June 2015.
- Carlstone, Linda Mae (12 May 1991). "Rondout's Nefarious Claim To Fame". Chicago Tribune. Chicago. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- Gustason, Bill. "Rondout Junction". Doug [Kaniuk]'s Railroad Place. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- "North Shore Bike Path". TrailLink by Rails-to-Trails Conservancy. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- "Bikeways". Division of Transportation, Lake County, Illinois. Retrieved 31 March 2017.