Rondonópolis (formerly known as Rio Vermelho (Red River)) is the third-largest municipality in Mato Grosso. It is located around 215 km (134 mi) from Cuiabá, the capital of the state. The city is named for military officer and explorer Cândido Rondon.

Rondonópolis, Brazil
The Municipality of Rondonópolis
Rondonopolis a noite.jpg
Flag of Rondonópolis, Brazil
Official seal of Rondonópolis, Brazil
Little Princess of the South (Princesinha do Sul in Portuguese)
Location of Rondonópolis
Location of Rondonópolis
Rondonópolis, Brazil is located in Brazil
Rondonópolis, Brazil
Rondonópolis, Brazil
Location of Rondonópolis
Coordinates: 16°28′15″S 54°38′09″W / 16.47083°S 54.63583°W / -16.47083; -54.63583
CountryBrazil Brazil
StateBandeira de Mato Grosso.svg Mato Grosso
FoundedDecember 10, 1953
 • MayorJosé Carlos do Pátio
 • Total10,787.90 km2 (4,165.232 sq mi)
227 m (745 ft)
 • Total228,857
 • Density21/km2 (55/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4 (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (UTC-3)


The municipality contains the 6,422 hectares (15,870 acres) Dom Osório Stoffel State Park, created in 2002. The Vermelho River runs through the south of the municipal seat and along the north of the state park border.[1]


According to the Brazilian census in 2012 the town had 202,309 inhabitants.

The city is growing quickly because many industries settled there and the soybean plantation is considered[by whom?] a "new gold rush" in the region, attracting emigrants from distant regions of Brazil. These people are from the South and Southeast regions who used to work with cattle ranching. The farming is extensive and very automated compared to other parts of Brazil. The farms are interesting as when the industry was labor-intensive the owners built small villages around the main house for the workers. These "villages" were self-contained and included schools and medical facilities. Rarely used now for their original purpose many still stand. They are seen as an island surrounded by trees in the middle of soy bean plants stretching to the horizon.

In August 2007 the Italian wind orchestra Orchestra Fiati Giovanile Italiana e Coro "I Music Piemonteis" conducted by Ugo Bairo, and his choir, conducted by Carmelo Luca Sambataro performed there. There he premiered his wind composition dedicated to the local government: The Mato Grosso March. The city is situated on the Cerrado, high tableland intersected by deep gorges containing butte and mesa formations.

The city is also the jumping off point for tourists and sportsmen visiting the Northern Pantanal. Rondonópolis has a domestic airport, Maestro Marinho Franco Municipal Airport.

Distances fromEdit


  1. ^ PES Dom Osório Stoffel (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-12-22

Coordinates: 16°28′S 54°38′W / 16.467°S 54.633°W / -16.467; -54.633