Romanian Social Democratic Party (1990–2001)

The Romanian Social Democratic Party (Romanian: Partidul Social Democrat Român, PSDR) was a social democratic political party in Romania. Founded in 1990, shortly after the fall of the Communist party rule in Romania in December 1989, it claimed to be the direct successor of the historical Romanian Social Democratic Party (PSD) which existed between 1927 and 1948, until it merged with the Romanian Communist Party (PCR) to create the Romanian Workers' Party (PMR).

Romanian Social Democratic Party
Partidul Social Democrat Român
LeaderSergiu Cunescu
FoundedJanuary 1990 (1990-01)
Dissolved16 June 2001 (2001-06-16)
Preceded byIndependent Social Democratic Party (claimed)
Merged intoSocial Democratic Party (PSD)
IdeologySocial democracy
Political positionCentre-left
National affiliationRomanian Democratic Convention (1991–1995)
Social Democratic Union (1995–2000)
Social Democratic Pole of Romania (2000–2001)
International affiliationSocialist International (SI)
Colours  Salmon

Joining the Socialist International (SI), the party entered alliances with the Democratic Party (PD; forming Uniunea Social-Democrată or the Social Democratic Union during the 1996 legislative election), and took part in the Romanian Democratic Convention (CDR) governments of Victor Ciorbea, Radu Vasile, and Mugur Isărescu (briefly leading the coalition government with Alexandru Athanasiu as acting/ad interim PM in 1999). The PSDR subsequently adhered to the Social Democratic Pole of Romania (PDSR) for the 2000 Romanian general election, and fused into the Social Democratic Party (PSD) on 16 January 2001.

A minority wing opposed to the merger survived as Partidul Social Democrat "Constantin Titel Petrescu", later reforming itself as the Social-Democratic Workers' Party, but was eventually dissolved in 2013.[1]

Notable members


Electoral history


Legislative elections

Election Chamber Senate Position Aftermath
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
1990 73,014 0.53
2 / 395
69,762 0.50
0 / 119
 10th  Opposition to FSN government (1990–1991)
Opposition to FSNPNLMERPDAR government (1991–1992)
1992 Part of CDR
10 / 341
Part of CDR
1 / 143
Opposition to PDSR-PUNR-PRM government (1992–1996)
1996 Part of USD
10 / 343
Part of USD
1 / 143
CDR-USD-UDMR government (1996–2000)
2000 Part of PDSR
10 / 345
Part of PDSR
2 / 140
PDSR minority government (2000–2001)4


1 The CDR members in 1992 were the following ones: the PNȚ-CD (with 21 senators and 41 deputies), the PAC (with 7 senators and 13 deputies), the PNL-AT (with 1 senator and 11 deputies), the PSDR, the PNL-CD (with 4 senators and 3 deputies), and the PER (with no senators and 4 deputies).

2 The members of the USD were the PD (with 22 senators and 43 deputies) and the PSDR.

3 The members of the Social Democratic Pole of Romania (PDSR) were the following ones: the PDSR (with 59 senators and 139 deputies), the PSDR, and the PUR (with 4 senators and 6 deputies).

4 The PSDR merged with the Party of Social Democracy in Romania (PDSR) in 2001.

Presidential elections

Election Candidate First round Second round
Votes Percentage Position Votes Percentage Position
1990 Did not compete
1992 Emil Constantinescu1 3,717,006 31.1 2nd 4,641,207 38.6 2nd
1996 Petre Roman2 2,598,545 20.5 3rd
2000 Ion Iliescu3 4,076,273 36.4 1st 6,696,623 66.8 1st


1 Emil Constantinescu was the common centre-right presidential candidate who was endorsed by the PSDR in 1992, as part of the CDR.

2 Petre Roman was the presidential candidate of the center-left alliance Social Democratic Union (USD).

3 Ion Iliescu was the presidential candidate of the alliance Social Democratic Pole of Romania (the same acronym as the main party - PDSR).


  1. ^ "Partide politice". Retrieved 25 December 2014.