Catholic Church in Nigeria

The Catholic Church in Nigeria is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope, the curia in Rome, and the Catholic Bishops' Conference of Nigeria (CBCN).

Catholic Church in Nigeria
TypeNational polity
GovernanceCatholic Bishops' Conference of Nigeria
PopePope Francis
PresidentLucius iwejuru Ugorji
LanguageEnglish, Latin
Members20.0 million (2010)[1]
Official websiteCatholic Bishops' Conference of Nigeria

In 2022, the present president of the CBCN is Lucius Iwejuru Ugorji, Archbishop of Owerri Archdiocese.[2] He followed on from the previous president, Augustine Obiora Akubeze.[3][4]

Overview edit

The Latin and Eastern Catholic Churches comprise the world's largest Christian Church, and its largest religious grouping. In 2005, there were an estimated 19 million baptised Catholics in Nigeria.[5] In 2010 the Catholic population accounted for approximately 12.6% of the population,[6] 70% of which can be found in Southeast Nigeria.[citation needed]

Historically, the Holy Ghost Fathers maintained a strong presence in Igboland in today's Southeastern Nigeria, whereas the White Fathers operated in Western and Northern Nigeria, and the Society of African Missions in Lagos.[7]

Nigeria, together with Congo Democratic Republic, boasts of the highest number of priests in Africa. The boom in vocation to the priesthood in Nigeria is mainly in the Southeastern part, especially among the Igbo ethnic group, of which the first evangelizers were Holy Ghost Fathers.[7]

The second papal visit to the country in 1998 witnessed the beatification of Blessed Cyprian Michael Iwene Tansi.[8] Pope John Paul II proclaimed him blessed at Oba, Onitsha Archdiocese, a local Church established by the apostle of eastern Nigerian, Bishop Joseph Shanahan, CSSp.

The official patron saints of Nigeria are Mary, Queen of Nigeria, and Patrick of Ireland.[9]

Map of Nigeria

Demographics edit

Christianity was followed by an estimated 46.18% of the Nigerian population in 2020; one-quarter of Christians in Nigeria are Catholic (12.39% of the country's population).[10]

In the same year, over 9,500 priests and 6,500 nuns served over 4,000 parishes.[11]

List of dioceses edit

Archdioceses 9
Suffragan Dioceses 59
Apostolic Vicariates 2
Parishes 1,905 (2004)
Diocesan Priests 3,452
Religious Priests 694
Total Priests 4,146 (2004)
Religious Women 3,674
Major seminaries in Nigeria 6
Major seminarians
Minor seminaries in Nigeria 20
Minor seminarians
Total seminarians 3,755 (2004)
Educational institutes 4,163
Charitable institutes 1,202
References Italian page for 2004[12]

Within Nigeria the hierarchy consists of:

  • Archbishopric
    • Bishopric

Immediately subject to the Holy See:

Episcopal conference edit

The Catholic Bishops' Conference of Nigeria is the Nigerian episcopal conference. Its current President is Lucius Iwejuru Ugorji.

Catholic traditionalism edit

A more traditionalist subset of the Catholic Church is also present in Nigeria and embodied by the Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter (Nne Enyemaka Shrine,[13] Umuaka). There also exists a community of the irregular status Society of St. Pius X (Saint Michael's Priory,[14][15] Enugu).

Catholic universities in Nigeria edit

Major seminaries in Nigeria edit

Minor seminaries in Nigeria edit

  • St Augustine's seminary, Amechi Ezzamgbo, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State
  • Queen of Apostles Seminary, Afaha Obong, Abak, Akwa Ibom State
  • Immaculate Conception Seminary, Mfamosing, Cross River State
  • St John Vianney Minor Seminary, Barkin-Ladi, Plateau State
  • St James' Junior Seminary, Yandev Gboko
  • St Jude's Minor Seminary, Kuje Abuja
  • St Theresa's Minor Seminary Oke-Are Ibadan
  • Sacred Hearts Minor Seminary Akure
  • St Clement's Minor Seminary, Adankolo-Lokoja, Kogi State
  • St Paul's Seminary Ukpor, Nnewi Anambra State
  • All Hallows Seminary, Onitsha Anambra State
  • St Joseph's Seminary Special Science School, Awka-Etiti Anambra State.
  • Mercy Seminary, Bende Abia State
  • Immaculate Conception Seminary, Ahiaeke Umuahia, Abia State
  • St Dominic Savio Seminary, Akpu, Anambra State
  • St John Bosco Seminary, Isuaniocha, Anambra State
  • Holy Martyrs of Uganda seminary Effurun, Delta State
  • Annunciation Seminary Amaudara, Abia State
  • St John-cross minor seminary, Isienu-Nsukka, Enugu state
  • St Charles Borromeo seminary, Imiringi, Bayelsa State.
  • St Mary's Seminary Umuowa, Orlu, Imo State.
  • Bonus Pastor Seminary Osina, Ideato North, Imo State.
  • Assumpta Minor Seminary, Owerri Archdiocese.
  • Mater Ecclesiae Seminary, Nguru Mbaise, Ahiara Diocese
  • St Peter Claver's Seminary Okpala Owerri Archdiocese
  • Pope John Paul II Seminary Yala Okpoma Ogoja Diocese
  • St Peter's Seminary Ogii, Okigwe Diocese
  • Sacred Heart Seminary, Rumuebiekwe Port Hacourt, Port hacourt Diocese
  • St Felix Seminary Ejeme-Anigor, Delta State
  • St Joseph Seminary Basawa, Zaria, Kaduna State.
  • St Charles Borromeo Minor Seminary, Madakiya Kaduna State
  • St Peter's Minor Seminary, Katari Kaduna State
  • St Peter's Minor Seminary, Yola Adamawa State
  • St Joseph's Minor Seminary, Shuwa Adamawa State
  • Sacred Heart Minor Seminary, Jauro Yinu Taraba State
  • St Paul Minor Seminary, Benin City, Edo State

Nigerians who have been canonized or beatified edit

Catholic religious congregations founded in Nigeria edit

Sisters of the Eucharistic Heart of Jesus, Ikeja, Lagos-State.

  • Sisters of Jesus Crucified, Uratta, Owerri, Imo State
  • Missionary sister of Jesus and Mary, Warri

Missionary societies active in Nigeria edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Table: Christian Population in Numbers by Country | Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project". 19 December 2011. Archived from the original on 7 January 2012. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  2. ^ Association of Catholic Information in Africa website, article dated 3/9/22
  3. ^ "Catholic Bishops Conference of Nigeria (CBCN)". Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  4. ^ Olowolagba, Fikayo (22 February 2018). "Catholic bishops elect new president". Daily Post Nigeria. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  5. ^ Craig Timberg, "Nigeria's Spiritual Rainmaker is Eyed at Vatican," Washington Poet, 17 April 2005, A1
  6. ^ Pew Research Center: Christian Population as Percentages of total population by country 2010
  7. ^ a b Ebuziem, Cajetan E. (2011). Doing Ministry in the Igbo Context: Towards an Emerging Model and Method for the Church in Africa. Peter Lang. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-4331-1154-9.
  8. ^ "Blessed Iwene Tansi: The patron saint of Nigeria's democracy @20". TheCable. 13 June 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  9. ^ "Patron Saints: N - Saints & Angels". Catholic Online. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  10. ^ World Religions Database at the ARDA website, retrieved 2023-08-08
  11. ^ Catholics and Culture website, retrieved 2023-08-08
  12. ^ Italian WikiPage Chiesa Cattolica in Nigeria statistics from 2004 it:Chiesa cattolica in Nigeria
  13. ^ "FSSP in Nigeria". Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  14. ^ "District of Great Britain". District of Great Britain. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  15. ^ "First priory in Nigeria opened". Archived from the original on 16 April 2013.
  16. ^ "Veritas University Abuja". Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  17. ^ "Welcome to Pan-Atlantic University". Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  18. ^ "DON BOSCO INSTITUTE OF PHILOSOPHY, IBADAN - Lumen et Sapientia". Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  19. ^ "Welcome". Dominican Institute. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  20. ^ "Untitled Document". Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  21. ^ "Daughters of Divine Love (DDL) website". Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2013.

External links edit