Roman Catholic Diocese of Teano-Calvi

The Diocese of Teano-Calvi (Latin: Dioecesis Theanensis-Calvensis) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Campania, southern Italy, created in 1986. It is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Naples. The historic Diocese of Teano and Diocese of Calvi Risorta were united in 1818, forming the diocese of Calvi e Teano.[1][2]

Diocese of Teano-Calvi

Dioecesis Theanensis-Calvensis
Co-cathedral of Calvi
Co-cathedral of Calvi
Location
CountryItaly
Ecclesiastical provinceNaples
Statistics
Area663 km2 (256 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2016)
84,000 (est.)
82,200 (est.)
Parishes72
Information
DenominationCatholic Church
RiteRoman Rite
Established5th Century
CathedralCattedrale di San Giovanni ante Portam Latinam (Teano)
Co-cathedralConcattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta (Calvi)
Secular priests60 (diocesan)
18 (Religious Orders)
11 Permanent Deacons
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
BishopArturo Aiello
Website
www.diocesiteanocalvi.it

HistoryEdit

CalviEdit

Calvi is the ancient Cales or Calenum, not far from Capua. Towards the end of the fifth century it was certainly a bishopric, since Valerius, Bishop of Calenum, was present at the Roman Council held by Pope Symmachus in 499.[3] In the first six centuries, only eight names have been recorded, and these only in a list of bishops found in the Breviarium et Martyrologium of the Church of Calvi, a devotional and hagiographic work.[4] There are no names of bishops recorded between 567 and 761 in this list.

Calvi was originally directly dependent upon the Holy See (Papacy), and its bishops attended the Roman synods. But when Pope John XIII fled Rome and took refuge in Capua,[5] he raised the diocese of Capua to metropolitan status, and gave the new Archbishop the diocese of Calvi and Teano (among others) as his suffragans (subordinates).[6]

Destroyed in the 9th century by the Saracens, Calvi was rebuilt by Atenulf I of Capua, at which time, probably, the see was re-established. It certainly had a bishop at the end of the eleventh century.

The cathedral of Calvi, dedicated to the taking up of the body of the Virgin Mary into heaven, is administered and served by a corporation called the Chapter, composed of twelve Canons, headed by the Primicerius. There is also a Theologus and a Penitentiarius, in accordance with the decrees of the Council of Trent, who enjoy prebends, but are not considered Canons.[7]

The seminary of Calvi was founded by Bishop Giuseppe del Pozzo (1718–1724), and was blessed by Pope Benedict XIII as he was returning to Rome from Benevento in 1727.[8]

TeanoEdit

The cathedral of Teano is dedicated to S. John the Evangelist and S. Terentianus. There were sixteen Canons in the cathedral Chapter, headed by a Dean. The Canons were once called Cardinals.[9] In 1749, there were two dignities and seventeen Canons.[10] A major fire in the cathedral in the time of Pope Leo X (1513–1521) destroyed nearly all of the archives.[11]

In 1575, the new bishop, Giovanni Paolo Marincola (1575–1588), held a diocesan synod, and ordered the construction of a seminary, in accordance with the decrees of the Council of Trent. But the disorderly life of the bishop postponed work on the work until the administration of Bishop Paolo Squillante in 1654, who had to leave the completion of the work for his successor.[12]

On 29–31 March 1690, Bishop Giuseppe Niccolo Giberti (1681–1697) held a diocesan synod, and had the Constitutions published.[13]

Concordat of 1818Edit

Following the extinction of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy, the Congress of Vienna authorized the restoration of the Papal States and the Kingdom of Naples. Since the French occupation had seen the abolition of many Church institutions in the Kingdom, as well as the confiscation of most Church property and resources, it was imperative that Pope Pius VII and King Ferdinand IV reach agreement on restoration and restitution. Ferdinand, however, was not prepared to accept the pre-Napoleonic situation, in which Naples was a feudal subject of the papacy. Lengthy, detailed, and acrimonious negotiations ensued.

In 1818, a new concordat with the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies committed the pope to the suppression of more than fifty small dioceses in the kingdom. The ecclesiastical province of Naples was spared from any suppressions, but the province of Capua was affected. Pope Pius VII, in the bull "De Utiliori" of 27 June 1818, chose to unite the two dioceses of Calvi and Teano under the leadership of one bishop, aeque principaliter, that is, one and the same bishop was bishop of both dioceses at the same time. [14] In the same concordat, the King was confirmed in the right to nominate candidates for vacant bishoprics, subject to the approval of the pope. That situation persisted down until the final overthrow of the Bourbon monarchy in 1860.[15]

Change of MetropolitanEdit

Following the Second Vatican Council, and in accordance with the norms laid out in the Council's decree, Christus Dominus chapter 40,[16] major changes were made in the ecclesiastical administrative structure of southern Italy. Wide consultations had taken place with the bishops and other prelates who would be affected. Action, however, was deferred, first by the death of Pope Paul VI on 6 August 1978, then the death of Pope John Paul I on 28 September 1978, and the election of Pope John Paul II on 16 October 1978. Pope John Paul II issued a decree, "Quamquam Ecclesia," on 30 April 1979, ordering the changes. Three ecclesiastical provinces were abolished entirely: those of Conza, Capua, and Sorrento. A new ecclesiastical province was created, to be called the Regio Campana, whose Metropolitan was the Archbishop of Naples. The dioceses formerly members of the suppressed Province of Capua (Gaeta, Calvi and Teano, Caserta, and Sessa Arunca) became suffragans of Naples.[17]

Diocese of Teano-CalviEdit

On 18 February 1984, the Vatican and the Italian State signed a new and revised concordat, which was accompanied in the next year by enabling legislation. According to the agreement, the practice of having one bishop govern two separate dioceses at the same time, aeque personaliter, was abolished. Otherwise Calvi and Teano might have continued to share a bishop. Instead, the Vatican continued consultations which had begun under Pope John XXIII for the merging of small dioceses, especially those with personnel and financial problems, into one combined diocese. On 30 September 1986, Pope John Paul II ordered that the dioceses of Calvi and Teano be merged into one diocese with one bishop, with the Latin title Dioecesis Theanensis-Calvensis. The seat of the diocese was to be in Teano, and the cathedral of Teano was to serve as the cathedral of the merged diocese. The cathedral in Calvi was to become a co-cathedral, and its cathedral Chapter was to be a Capitulum Concathedralis. There was to be only one diocesan Tribunal, in Teano, and likewise one seminary, one College of Consultors, and one Priests' Council. The territory of the new diocese was to include the territory of the former dioceses of Calvi and of Teano.[18]

BishopsEdit

Diocese of Calvi RisortaEdit

Latin Name: Calvensis
Erected: 5th Century

to 1400Edit

...
  • Valerius (attested 499)[19]
...
[Rudolfus (761–767)][20]
  • Silvius (died 797)
  • Nicetas (797–814)
...
[Passivus (823–827)][21]
...
[Andreas (attested 853)][22]
...
  • Andreas (attested 966)[23]
...
  • Petrus (1041–1044)[24]
...
  • Falco (attested 1094)[25]
...
Joannes ? (attested 1126)[26]
...
  • Odoardo (Eduardus), O.Cist. (d. 1245)[27]
  • Palmerius (?–1253)[28]
  • Isembardus (1265–1271)[29]
  • Gregorius (1273– ? )[30]
  • Landulfus ( ? –1285)[31]
  • Robertus (died 1291)[32]
  • Henricus (ca. 1291–1301)[33]
  • Petrus (ca. 1301–1311)[34]
  • Fredericus (1311– )[35]
  • Balianus (ca. 1320)
  • Joannes (died 1324)[36]
[Petrus, O.Min. (1325–1330)][37]
  • Thaddeus de Capua (13??–1332)[38]
  • Joannes de Concivis, O.Min. (1332–ca. 1343)[39]
  • Stephanus, O. Carm. (1343–1344)[40]
  • Joannes de Arpino, O.Min. (1344–1348)[41]
  • Petrus de Brina, O.Min. (1349–1362)
  • Rainaldus (1364–1372)[42]
  • Joannes de Rocha (1372–1377)
  • Robertus de Bacchariis (1377–1395)[43]
  • Bartholomaeus, O.E.S.A. (1395–1402) Roman Obedience[44]

since 1400Edit

Diocese of TeanoEdit

to 1300Edit

Paris (c. 314–346)[58]
Amasius (c. 346–355)[59]
Urbanus[60]
  • Quintus (c. 499)[61]
...
  • Domninus (ca. 555–560)[62]
...
Maurus ? ( ? )[63]
...
  • Lupus, O.S.B. (d. 860)[64]
  • Hilarius, O.S.B. (860–after 867)[65]
  • Stephanus (attested in 868)[66]
  • Leo (879, 887/888)[67]
  • Angelarius, O.S.B. (ca. 886–889)[68]
...
  • Landus (attested 987)[69]
...
  • Sandarius (c. 1004–1009)[70]
...
  • Isambardus (attested 1050)[71]
  • Arduinus (attested 1059)[72]
...
  • Pandulfus, O.S.B. (attested 1122)[73]
  • Petrus (ca. 1171–1192)[74]
  • Theodinus (1193–1227)[75]
  • Roffredus (attested 1229–1239)[76]
  • Hugo
  • Guilelmus
  • Nicolaus

since 1300Edit

  • Adenulfus (c. 1305)[77]
  • Giffredus de Gallutio
  • Petrus
  • Homodeus
  • Bartholomaeus (1348–1353)[78]
  • Marinus de Judice (1353–1361)[79]
  • Joannes Mutio (1361–1363)
  • Francesco de Messana, O.P. (1363–1369)
  • Thomas de Porta (1369–1382)[80]
  • Alexander
  • Antonius (attested 1383–1393) Roman Obedience
  • Joannes de Ebulo ( –1388) Avignon Obedience
  • Nicolaus Diano (1393–1412) Roman Obedience
Gasparus de Diano (1412–1418)[81]
[Cardinal Giovanni Salviati (1531–1535)] Administrator[88]
  • Antonio Maria Sartori (1535–1556)[89]
  • Hieronymus Nichesola, O.P. (1557–1566)[90]
  • Cardinal Archangelo Bianchi, O.P. (1566–1575)[91]
  • Giovanni Paolo Marincola (1575–1588)[92]
  • Vincenzo Brancaleone (1588)[93]
  • Vincenzo Serafini (1588–1616)[94]
  • Angelo della Ciaia (1616)[95]
  • Michael Saragoza de Heredia (1617–1622)
  • Ovidio Lupari (1623–1627)
  • Giovanni de Guevara, C.R. (1627–1642)
  • Muzio delle Rose (1642–1654)
  • Paolo Squillante (1654–1660)[96]
  • Ottavio Boldoni, Barnabite (1661–1680)[97]
  • Giuseppe Niccolo Giberti (1681–1697)[98]
  • Domenico Pacifico (1698–1717)[99]
  • Giuseppe de Puteo (del Pozzo) (1718–1724)[100]
  • Dominico Cirillo (1724–1746) (transferred to Carinola)[101]
  • Angelo Longo, O.S.B.[102] (1746–1749)
  • Dominico Giordani (1749–1755) (transferred to Nicomedia)
  • Aniello Broya (1755–1767)[103]
  • Giovanni Jacopo Onorati (1768–1777)[104]
  • Filippo Aprile (1777–1792) (transferred to Melfi)
  • Rafael Pasca, O.S.B. (1792–1797)[105]
  • Nicola Vecchi (1797–8 January 1808)[106]

Diocese of Calvi e TeanoEdit

United: 27 June 1818 with Diocese of Teano

  • Andrea de Lucia (1818–1830)[107]
  • Giuseppe Maria Pezzella, O.S.A. (1830 – 3 Jan 1833)
  • Giuseppe Trama (20 Jan 1834 Confirmed – 6 Oct 1837 Resigned)
  • Nicola Sterlini (1840–1860)[108]
  • Bartolomeo D’Avanzo (13 Jul 1860 – 20 Oct 1884)
  • Alfonso Maria Giordano, C.SS.R. (20 Oct 1884 – 16 Dec 1907 Resigned)
  • Albino Pella (19 Aug 1908 – 12 Apr 1915 Appointed, Bishop of Casale Monferrato)
  • Calogero Licata (14 Apr 1916 – 25 Aug 1924)
  • Giuseppe Marcozzi (14 Aug 1926 – 21 Apr 1940)
  • Giacinto Tamburini (6 Mar 1941 – 8 Jan 1944)
  • Vincenzo Bonaventura Medori (17 Jul 1945 – 12 Aug 1950)
  • Giacomo Palombella (3 Jan 1951 – 2 Jul 1954 Appointed, Archbishop of Matera)
  • Matteo Guido Sperandeo (5 Sep 1954 – 17 Aug 1984 Retired)
  • Felice Cece (17 Aug 1984 – 8 Feb 1989 Appointed, Archbishop of Sorrento-Castellammare di Stabia)

Diocese of Teano-CalviEdit

Latin Name: Theanensis-Calvensis
Name Changed: 30 September 1986

  • Francesco Tommasiello (15 Jul 1989 – 25 Oct 2005 Died)
  • Arturo Aiello (13 May 2006 – )[109]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Diocese of Teano-Calvi". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 29 February 2016.[self-published source]
  2. ^ "Diocese of Calvi" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016.[self-published source]
  3. ^ Giovan Domenico Mansi (1762). Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio (in Latin). Tomus octavus (8). Venice-Florence: A. Zatta. p. 234.
  4. ^ Lanzoni, p. 187: "Kalendarium Oalvense ad instar Martirologii, quod breviario antiquissimo longobardis literis exarato praeponitur et in archivio canouicorum calvensium servatur." Lanzoni himself rejects or doubts all of the names.
  5. ^ The date is variously given, 966, 967, 968, and 971: Kehr, p. 223.
  6. ^ Ricca, p. 63. But see Kehr, p. 264: De erectione Capuanae metropoleos et de ordinatione Andreae ep. Calvensis in commenticia Translatione brachii s. Casti ep. et mart, ab urbe Caieta ad Calvum (Acta SS. 1 iul. I 25sq.; Ricca Osservazioni II 63) legimus: ,,(Pandulfus) princeps (Capuanus) una cum summo pontifice (lohanne XIII), in quibus locis consecrandi essent episcopi suffraganei, coepit subtilius cogitare . .; per canonicam institutionem loca electa sunt, in quibus episcopi ordinandi esse deberent, inter quos primum Andream ven. diaconum suum fidelem Calvensi ecclesiae ordinavit episcopum". Sed haec omni fide carent.
  7. ^ Ughelli X, p. 234.
  8. ^ D'Avino, p. 662 column 2.
  9. ^ Ughelli VI, p. 349. Kehr, p. 255.
  10. ^ Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica VI, p. 399.
  11. ^ Kehr, p. 255.
  12. ^ D'Avino, p. 661, column 1.
  13. ^ Constitutiones synodales diocesis Theanensis, ab. Illustriss. ac Reverendiss. domino D. Iosepho Nicolao Giberto, Dei et Apost. Sedis gratia episcopo Thenani, editae in cathedrali ecclesia die 29, 30, 31 mensis martii anno 1690 (Maceratae: Typis Hieronymi Saxij 1694).
  14. ^ Bullarii Romani continuatio, Summorum Pontificum Clementis XIII, Clementis XIV, Pii VI, Pii VII, Leonis XII Gregorii XVI constitutiones... (in Latin). Tomus decimus quintus (15). Rome: typographia Reverendae Camerae Apostolicae. 1853. pp. 9, 57 § 6.
  15. ^ Bullarii Romani continuatio Tomus 15, p. 7 column 1, "Articulus XXVIII".
  16. ^ Christus Dominus 40. Therefore, in order to accomplish these aims this sacred synod decrees as follows: 1) The boundaries of ecclesiastical provinces are to be submitted to an early review and the rights and privileges of metropolitans are to be defined by new and suitable norms. 2) As a general rule all dioceses and other territorial divisions that are by law equivalent to dioceses should be attached to an ecclesiastical province. Therefore dioceses which are now directly subject to the Apostolic See and which are not united to any other are either to be brought together to form a new ecclesiastical province, if that be possible, or else attached to that province which is nearer or more convenient. They are to be made subject to the metropolitan jurisdiction of the bishop, in keeping with the norms of the common law. 3) Wherever advantageous, ecclesiastical provinces should be grouped into ecclesiastical regions for the structure of which juridical provision is to be made.
  17. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis 71 (Città del Vaticano 1979), pp. 562-563.
  18. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis 79 (Città del Vaticano 1987), pp. 674-676.
  19. ^ Bishop Valerius was present at the Roman synod of 499. Kehr, p. 263.
  20. ^ Gams, p. 864, column 1. Kehr, p. 263, points out that Rudolfus was actually bishop of Cellensis (Cagli).
  21. ^ Bishop Passivus attended the Roman council of Pope Eugenius II in 826, but as Bishop of Cagli (Calliensis), not Calvi. Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Legum Sectio III. Concilia. Tomus II, pars II. (Hannover & Leipzig: Hahn 1908), p. 561. Kehr, p. 263.
  22. ^ Bishop Andreas attended the Roman synod of Pope Leo IV in 853, but he was Bishop of Cagli (Calliensis), not Calvi. J.-D. Mansi, Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus XIV (Venice: A. Zatta 1769), p. 1020. Kehr, p. 213.
  23. ^ When Pope John XIII took refuge in Capua, and created the archdiocese of Capua, he also consecrated the deacon Andreas as Bishop of Calvi. Ricca, p. 64.
  24. ^ Ughelli X, p. 238.
  25. ^ Bishop Falco appears in a privilege granted by Richardus, Prince of Capua, dated 24 January 1094. Kehr, p. 263.
  26. ^ It is uncertain whether Bishop John belongs to Calvi or to Carinola: Kehr, p. 263.
  27. ^ Odoardo participated in the Council of Lyons under Pope Innocent IV in 1245, and vigorously opposed Emperor Frederick II, his sovereign, whose agents captured Odoardo during his return journey, and had him killed. Ughelli, VI, pp. 747-748; X, p. 239. Gams, p. 864.
  28. ^ Bishop Palmerius was transferred to the diocese of Boiano on 22 July 1252, according to Ricca, p. 93. Gams, p. 864.
  29. ^ Isembardus: Ughelli X, p. 239. Gams, p. 864.
  30. ^ Bishop Isembard died in 1271, perhaps during the longest papal vacancy in history (1268–1272). The successful papal election took place on 1 September 1271, but the new pope, Tedaldo Visconti, was in the Holy Land on crusade. He did not arrive back until 1272, and was consecrated a bishop and crowned as Pope Gregory X on 27 March 1272. An election to the bishopric of Calvi by the Chapter took place during this Sede vacante, but the election was contested between Canon Gregory and Guido d'Aurilliac, O.Hosp.Hier. On 4 June 1273, Pope Gregory, who had not yet confirmed any candidate, ordered the election to be investigated. Gams, p. 864. Eubel I, p. 159, note 1.
  31. ^ Landulfus died on 15 May 1285. Gams, p. 864. Eubel I, p. 159.
  32. ^ Robertus: Eubel I, p. 159.
  33. ^ In February 1301, Bishop Henry was granted the income of the monastery of S. Salvatore di Monte Caprani. Ughelli X, p. 239, no. 27. Eubel I, p. 159.
  34. ^ Petrus is mentioned in 1310. Ughelli X, p. 239, no. 27. According to Eubel I, p. 159, he died in 1311.
  35. ^ In 1311 Bishop Federicus was co-consecrator of the church of S. Michele Arcangelo. Ughelli X, p. 239, no. 28.
  36. ^ Joannes: Ughelli X, p. 239, no. 24.
  37. ^ Peter was Bishop of Calvi, according to Gams, p. 864, following Ughelli X, p. 239, no. 25. Ricca, p. 102, admits he has no information about Petrus, except his name, which he got from a work by Dionysius Petavio (Denis Petau). Eubel I, p. 158 and p. 159, note 2, points out that Bishop Petrus was Bishop of Cagli (Calinensis), not Calvi (Calvensis), which might account for the absence of evidence at Calvi.
  38. ^ Ughelli X, p. 239, no. 31, says that he died in 1331.
  39. ^ Joannes had been elected and approved and consecrated by the Archbishop of Capua; Pope John XXII, however, rejected him for that post. Joannes was appointed BIshop of Calvi by Pope John XXII on 30 October 1332. He served for eleven years. Ughelli X, p. 240. Eubel, Hierarchia catholica I, p. 159 with note 3.
  40. ^ Stephanus was appointed by Pope Clement VI on 10 February 1343.
  41. ^ Joannes of Arpino was appointed by Clement VI on 31 August 1344. Eubel I, p. 159.
  42. ^ Gams, p. 864.
  43. ^ Robertus: Ughelli X, p. 240, no. 39. Eubel I, p. 159.
  44. ^ Bartholomaeus was appointed on 15 February 1395 by Pope Boniface IX of the Roman Obedience. He was transferred to the diocese of Scutari in 1402, and then to Bovino on 24 August 1403. Ughelli X, p. 240, no. 40. Eubel I, pp. 139, 159, 440.
  45. ^ Antonius was named Bishop of Calvi at the Council of Constance on 25 February 1415, according to Ughelli X, p. 241. If, however, he was named by Pope Martin V, it would have had to have been in 1417, since Martin was elected on 11 November 1416. Antonius died in 1443. According to Eubel I, p. 159, he was appointed by antipope John XXIII.
  46. ^ Gianotti died in 1505. Eubel, Hierarchia catholica III, p. 147.
  47. ^ Orsini had been Bishop of Civitate Ducale. He was transferred to Calvi by Pope Julius II on 31 March (or 8 November) 1505. Ughelli X, p. 242. Eubel III, p. 147, with note 2.
  48. ^ Eubel III, p. 147.
  49. ^ Eubel, III, p. 148.
  50. ^ On 14 February 1582, Bozzuti was appointed Bishop of Lucera by Pope Gregory XIII.
  51. ^ A native of Naples of Capuan ancestry, Da Silva had previously been Bishop of Polycastro. He was transferred to the diocese of Calvi by Pope Innocent X on 10 April 1679. He endowed three of the canonries and four of the hebdomedarii in the cathedral Chapter. He held four diocesan synods. He died on 23 May 1702. Ughelli, Italia sacra X, p. 249.
  52. ^ Caracciolo was twice elected Provincial of the Roman Province of the Somaschi Fathers. Ughelli X, p. 250. Ritzler, V, p. 138, with note 3.
  53. ^ Danza: Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica VI, p. 141 with note 2.
  54. ^ Barone: Ritzler-Sefrin VI, p. 141 with note 3.
  55. ^ Fragianni: Ritzler-Sefrin VI, p. 141 with note 4.
  56. ^ On 16 December 1782 Zurlo was appointed Archbishop of Naples. Ritzler-Sefrin VI, p. 141 with note 5.
  57. ^ De Lucia: Ritzler-Sefrin VI, p. 141 with note 6.
  58. ^ According to his hagiographical Life, Paris of Athens was the first bishop of Teano, and he was consecrated by Pope Sylvester I (314–335). He killed a dragon, which the citizens of Teano kept; he was therefore put in prison and condemned to be eaten by a bear; but the bear humbly licked him, and people were converted to Christianity. He died c. 346. Ughelli, p. 589. Lanzoni, p. 186, no. 1: "I citati documenti agiografici, che ne fanno menzione, possono risalire al vi secolo." Kehr, p. 255, points out that Paris is not commemorated in the martyrologies until the 16th century: "Sed acta eius ex lectionario quodam Teanensis ecclesiae hausta recentiora certe sunt; neque enim. s. Paris commemoratur in martyrologiis generalibus ante saec. XVI.'
  59. ^ According to his hagiographical Life, Amasius, a Greek who was fleeing the persecution of the Emperor Constantius, was the second bishop of Teano, and he was consecrated by Pope Julius I (337–352) in Rome in the Basilica of the XII Apostles. He died after 355. Ughelli, pp. 589-591. Cappelletti, pp. 197-198 (who places his death on 23 January 356). Lanzoni, p. 186, no. 2.
  60. ^ Urbanus, a native of Teano, had been the disciple and deacon of Bishop Amasius. He had been selected as bishop before Amasius, but he refused at the time. It is said that he visited many places in his dioceses and restored the dilapidated churches, revivifying the faith of the people. Ughelli, pp. 551. Cappelletti, p. 198. Lanzoni, p. 186, no. 3.
  61. ^ Quintus attended the first Roman synod of Pope Symmachus in 499. J. D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciloiorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus VIII (Florence: A. Zatta 1762), p. 235. Lanzoni, p. 186, no. 4.
  62. ^ Pope Pelagius I sent a mandate to Bishop Domninus: Paul Fridolin Kehr, Italia pontificia VIII: Regnum Normannorum—Campania(Berlin: Weidmann 1935), p. 256 no. 2.
  63. ^ The name MAVRVS EP appears on a fragment of a dedication. There is no mention of his diocese. Cappelletti, pp. 198-199.
  64. ^ Bishop Lupus (or Lupoaldus) is mentioned in Leo the Deacon, Chronicon Casinense, Book I, chapter 32. Ughelli, p. 551. Cappelletti, p. 199.
  65. ^ Bishop Hilarius had been a monk of Montecassino and a deacon, and was the immediate successor of Bishop Lupus. He consecrated a church for the Bishop of Capua in 867. Leo Marsicanus (1854). “Leonis Marsicani et Petri Diaconi, monachorum Casinensium” chronicon monasterii Casinensis et opuscula. Patrologiae Latinae Tomus CLXXIII (in Latin). Paris: Migne. p. 985. Cappelletti, p. 199.
  66. ^ Leo Marsicanus (1854). “Leonis Marsicani et Petri Diaconi, monachorum Casinensium” chronicon monasterii Casinensis et opuscula. Patrologiae Latinae Tomus CLXXIII (in Latin). Paris: Migne. p. 539. Ughelli, p. 551. Cappelletti, p. 199.
  67. ^ In 879, Pope John VIII wrote to Bishop Leo, in reply to his letter, about disorders in Campania over the election, confirmation, and installation of an archbishop. Pope Stephen V also wrote to Bishop Leo, in 887 or 888. Ughelli, p. 389. Kehr, p. 256 no. 3 and 5.
  68. ^ Angelarius had been a monk, Provost, and the 20th Abbot of Montecassino. He died on 5 December 889, according to Ughelli, p. 551-552. Cappelletti, p. 200.
  69. ^ Cappelletti, p. 200.
  70. ^ Pope John XVIII wrote to Bishop Sandarius (or Landoarius) determining parish boundaries. Cappelletti, p. 200. Kehr, p. 256, no. 6. The parish boundaries were confirmed by Pope Paschal II.
  71. ^ Bishop Isambard was present at the Roman synod of Pope Leo IV on 2 May 1050. Kehr, p. xi.
  72. ^ Arduinus was present at the Roman synod of Pope Nicholas II in 1059. Ughelli, p. 552.
  73. ^ Pope Calixtus II wrote to Pandulfus, asking him to influence Raonis to return property belonging to Monte Cassino. Kehr, p. 256 no. 8.
  74. ^ Pope Hadrian IV appointed two cardinals to settle a dispute in which Bishop Petrus was involved. Bishop Petrus was present at the Lateran Council of 1179. Petrus received a mandate from Pope Alexander III in 1180. Kehr, p. 257 no. 9 and 13.
  75. ^ Gams, p. 930. Pope Celestine III confirmed the boundaries of the diocese in a bull addressed to Bishop Theodinus on 29 September 1193. In 1197 Celestine III ordered the Archbishop of Naples to settle a dispute involving Bishop Peter; the settlement was ratified on 4 January 1197. Kehr, p. 258 no. 20; 259 no. 21. Eubel, Hierarchia catholica I, p. 480.
  76. ^ Roffredus died on 23 October 1239. Eubel I, p. 480.
  77. ^ Eubel I, p. 480.
  78. ^ Bishop Bartholomaeus was transferred to the diocese of Chieti. Eubel I, p. 480.
  79. ^ Marinus was transferred to Amalfi. Eubel, I, pp. 480–481.
  80. ^ Eubel, I, pp. 481 and 418. It appears that Bishop Thomas followed the Avignon Obedience and was replaced by Urban VI of the Roman Obedience with Bishop Jordanus. (transferred to Reggio)
  81. ^ Gasparus was only twenty-two when appointed by the deposed Gregory XII, too young to be consecrated a bishop. Eubel I, p. 481.
  82. ^ Crispiani, a Doctor in utroque iure, was appointed Bishop of Teano by Pope Martin V on 26 January 1418. He died in 1443. Ughelli VI, p. 542. Eubel I, p. 481.
  83. ^ Martinus: Ughelli VI, p. 542. Eubel II, p. 249.
  84. ^ In 1469 Fortiguerra resigned the abbacy of S. Basilio de Cavata in the diocese of Parma, and in 1477 the monastery of S. Bartolommeo in the diocese of Ferrara. Nicolaus Fortiguerra was named a cardinal by Pope Pius II in his first Consistory on 5 March 1460. He died on 21 December 1473. Eubel II, p. 249.
  85. ^ Orsini had been Bishop of Tricarico from 1471 to 1474. Eubel II, p. 255.
  86. ^ Borgia, a nephew of Pope Alexander VI, had been a Canon of Valencia. He was appointed Boshop of Cosenza on 6 November 1499, but continued to hold the diocese of Teano in commendam until 1508. He was papal treasurer until 1508. He resigned the diocese. He was a conspirator in the plot to assemble an ecumenical council and depose Pope Julius II. Eubel, II, p. 249; III, p. 311.
  87. ^ Francisco Borgia was a nephew of Cardinal de Borja.
  88. ^ Eubel III, p. 311.
  89. ^ A native of Modena, Sartori was the son of Count Giacomo and of Antonia Pallavicini. Sartori's brother Giulio was Archbishop of Santa Severina, and his uncle Giovanni had been Bishop of Volterra. Antonio was also Abbot commendatory of Nonantola, and of S. Vincenzo di Volturno. He was also Provost of Pistoia. He died at the age of thirty-eight in 1556. Ughelli VI, p. 573. Cappelletti, p. 205. Eubel III, p. 311.
  90. ^ A native of Verona, Bishop Nichesola took part in the Council of Trent in Bologna. On 23 January 1564, he consecrated the church of Santa Caterina in Verona. He died in 1566, at the age of forty-nine. Ughelli VI, p. 573. Cappelletti, p. 205. Eubel III, p. 311.
  91. ^ A Lombard from Vigevano, Bianchi received a Dominican doctoral degree in theology from the convent in Bologna. He had been Commissary of the Office of the Holy Inquisition, and Confessor of Pope Pius V. He was appointed Bishop of Teano on 16 September 1566 by Pope Pius V. He was named a cardinal by Pius V on 17 May 1570. In 1572 he was named Prefect of the Congregation of the Index of Prohibited Books. He resigned in September 1575. He died in Rome on 18 January 1580, at the age of sixty-three. Ughelli VI, p. 574. Cappelletti, pp. 205-206. Eubel III, pp. 44, no. 18, with notes 4 and 5; 311.
  92. ^ Eubel III, p. 311, with notes 8 and 9.
  93. ^ Brancaleone, a Doctor of Canon Law, was appointed on 8 March 1588 by Pope Sixtus V. Eubel III, p. 311, with note 10.
  94. ^ A native of Ascoli, Serafini had previously been Vicar General of Assisi. Eubel III, p. 311, with note 11.
  95. ^ Della Ciaia was a native of Siena, and a nephew of Cardinal Roberto Bellarmine and grand-nephew of Pope Marcellus II. He held the degree of Doctor in utroque iure. He was appointed Bishop of Teano on 24 February 1616 by Pope Paul V, and died in November 1616. Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p. 331 with note 2.
  96. ^ Squillante was a native of Naples, and had been a Canon of the Cathedral of Naples. Gauchat, IV, p. 331, with note 7. Cappelletti, p. 206.
  97. ^ Boldoni was born in Milan. Cappelletti, p. 207. Gauchat, IV, p. 331, with note 8.
  98. ^ Giberti was born in the village of San Ginesio in the diocese of Camerino. He was Doctor in utroque iure, Doctor of Civil and Canon Law (Macerata 1655). He was Vicar General of the diocese of Spoleto. He was consecrated in Rome on 18 May 1681 by Cardinal Giacomo Fransoni. Bishop Giberti resigned on 26 November 1697. Ritzler, V, p. 373, with note 3.
  99. ^ Pacifico was born in Aversa. He was Doctor in utroque iure, Doctor of Civil and Canon Law (Naples). He had been Vicar Capitular and Vicar General of the diocese of Aversa. He was consecrated in Rome on 2 February 1698 by Cardinal Bandino Panciatico. Ritzler, V, p. 373, with note 4.
  100. ^ Del Pozzo was Doctor in utroque iure, Doctor of Civil and Canon Law (Naples 1685). He was Canon of Salerno. Vicar-General of Calvi. He was consecrated in Rome on 27 February 1718 by Cardinal Giandomenico Paracciano. Ritzler, V, p. 373, with note 5.
  101. ^ Ritzler, V, p. 373, with note 6.
  102. ^ Longo was born in Benevento. He became Prior of the monastery of Sant'Angelo in Gaeta. He was consecrated in Rome on 13 March 1746 by Cardinal Joaquin Fernandez de Portocarrero. Ritzler, VI, p. 399, note 2.
  103. ^ Broya was Doctor in utroque iure, Doctor of Civil and Canon Law. He was a Protonotary Apostolic in the Roman Curia (1472). He was Vicar-General of the diocese of Capaccio. Ritzler, VI, p. 399, with note 4.
  104. ^ Onorati was Doctor in utroque iure, Doctor of Civil and Canon Law (Naples 1759). Ritzler, VI, p. 399, with note 5.
  105. ^ Pasca had been Abbot of S. Trinita de Cava. Michele Broccoli (1822). Teano Sidicino, antico, e moderno (in Italian). Parte III. Napoli: Presso P. Tizzano. pp. 198–200.
  106. ^ Vecchi was a native of Camigliano. He was a Canon of the Church of Capua, and then Bishop of Conversano (1792-1797). Vecchi was the last bishop of Teano, due to a dispute between the Pope and the King of Naples. Michele Broccoli (1822). Teano Sidicino, antico, e moderno (in Italian). Parte III. Napoli: Presso P. Tizzano. pp. 200–201.
  107. ^ De Lucia was already Bishop of Calvi. He became Bishop of Calvi e Teano on 25 June 1818. He died before 15 March 1830. Ritzler-Sefrin VI, p. 141 with note 6.
  108. ^ Sterlini was born in Girgenti (Agrigento) Sicily in 1789. He was a mansionarius in the cathedral of Girgenti, a teacher at the seminary, a parish priest and preacher, and a synodical examiner. He was preconised (approved) as Bishop of Calvi e Tiano on 27 April 1840, having been nominated by the King of the Two Sicilies. He died on 3 April 1960. Gaetano Moroni (1855). Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da s. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni (in Italian). Vol. 73. Venezia: dalla Tipografia Emiliana. p. 31.
  109. ^ CV of the bishop: Diocesi di Teano-Calvi, "Il Vescovo," retrieved: 11 October 2019. (in Italian)

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AcknowledgmentEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Teano". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

Coordinates: 41°15′00″N 14°04′00″E / 41.2500°N 14.0667°E / 41.2500; 14.0667