Roman Catholic Diocese of San Marco Argentano-Scalea

The Italian Catholic Diocese of San Marco Argentano-Scalea, in Cosenza, Calabria, has existed as the diocese of San Marco since at least 1171, when the name of Bishop Ruben appears in a document.[1] It is now a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Cosenza-Bisignano.[2][3]

Diocese of San Marco Argentano-Scalea

Dioecesis Sancti Marci Argentanensis-Scaleensis
Duomo s nicola b.jpg
Cathedral in San Marco Argentano
Ecclesiastical provinceCosenza-Bisignano
Area1,148 km2 (443 sq mi)
- Total
- Catholics (including non-members)
(as of 2014)
115,600 (est.)
112,600 (est.) (97.4%%)
DenominationRoman Catholic
RiteLatin Rite
CathedralCathedral of St. Nicholas
Patron saintMark the Evangelist
Secular priests74 (diocesan)
2 (Religious Orders)
Current leadership
BishopLeonardo Antonio Paolo Bonanno
Metropolitan ArchbishopSalvatore Nunnari
Bishops emeritusAugusto Lauro
Roman Catholic Diocese of San Marco Argentano-Scalea in Italy.svg
Diocesan web site (in Italian)


The historical Diocese of San Marco was created in the twelfth century,[4] out of the remains of the diocese of Malvito.[5] From its beginning, the diocese of San Marco was directly dependent on the Roman See, and was not (unlike Malvito) part of any metropolitan province.[6]

Bishop Ruben (Radulfus Melfensis) of San Marco was present at the III Lateran Council of 1179, signing last among the bishops directly dependent upon the Holy See.[7]

In April 1275, Pope Gregory X, who had completed the II Council of Lyon and was still in Lyon organizing the next Crusade, was impelled to issue a mandate to the Archbishop of Capua to investigate the situation of the Church of San Marco, which was involved in a constested episcopal election. The Pope's stated causa (reason for acting) was that the diocese was attached to the Roman Church, ad Romanam ecclesiam nullo medio spectare dignoscitur.[8] In other words, Pope Gregory was the immediate ecclesiastical superior, with no other authority intervening, not even a metropolitan archbishop.[9]

The seminary of San Marco was established by Bishop Giovanni Antonio Grignetti (1578–1585), in accordance with the decrees of the Council of Trent.[10] The new seminary buildings were built by Bishop Greco in the nineteenth century.[11] Up until the mid-eighteenth century, the seminaries were simple schools of grammar, practical mathematics, ecclesiastical computations, Christian doctrine (as prescribed by Roberto Bellarmine), and Gregorian chant.[12]

In 1818, in accordance with the terms of the Concordat between the Holy See and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies,[13] the diocese of San Marco was combined with the diocese of Bisignano, becoming the diocese of San Marco e Bisignano and was ranked as immediately subject to the Holy See.[14] In 1834 the territory of Cetraro on the Tyrrhenian coast was added to the diocese of San Marco e Bisignano. Certraro had been founded as a monastery by Robert Guiscard and his wife Sigelgaita and given to the Monastery of Montecassino in 1086; its first abbot was Desiderius, who became Pope Victor III. Since Cetraro was too far distant from Montecassino for effective administration, the Benedictines of Montecassino had assigned the administration of Cetraro to the bishops of San Marco.[15] In 1411 Pope Gregory XII sold Cetraro to King Ladislaus of Naples.[16]

In 1912, the diocese contain 64 parishes, 256 priests, 110,000 inhabitants, some convents of religious, and a house of nuns.[17]

On February 13, 1919, the Diocese had territory transferred to create the Eparchy of Lungro for the Italo-Albanian Catholic Church.[18] On April 4, 1979, Bisignano passed to Cosenza and the Diocese was renamed to San Marco Argentano–Scalea.[14] On January 30, 2001, the Archdiocese of Cosenza-Bisignano was elevated to a Metropolitan See with San Marco Argentano-Scalea as a suffragan diocese.[19]


The Cathedral of Saint Nicholas in San Marco had a Chapter composed of six dignities and twelve Canons.[20] The dignities were: the Archdeacon, the Dean, the Cantor, the Treasurer, the Archpriest, and the Primicerius. One of the twelve Canons, called the Canon of S. Marco, was the Theologian of the Chapter.[21] The Chapter currently (2017) has six dignities (Dean, Primicerius, Theologian, Treasurer, Penitentiary, and Cantor), seven Canons, and four honorary Canons.[22]

The Cathedral of Bisignano, which was dedicated to the Bodily Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven, also had a Chapter. It was composed of eight dignities and twenty Canons. The dignities were: the Archdeacon, the Dean, the Cantor, the Treasurer, the Sub-Cantor (Succentor), the Archpriest, the Penitentiary, and the Theologian.[21]

There was only one Collegiate Church in both of the dioceses, Santa Maria del Popolo in Belvedere Marittimo. It had four dignities (Archdeacon, Archpriest, Dean and Treasurer). It was founded in 1608 and lasted only thirty years.[23]

The Diocese has a Minor Basilica, the Basilica of the Blessed Mary of Pettoruto in San Sosti, Cosenza, Calabria.[18]


Diocese of San Marco (Argentano)Edit

Erected: before 1171
Latin Name: Sancti Marci
Immediately Subject to the Holy See

to 1400Edit

  • Ruben (attested 1171 – 1183)[24]
  • Hunfredus (attested 1195 – 1199)[25]
  • Nicolaus (1205), Bishop-Elect[26]
  • Ignotus (1216)
  • Ignotus (1218)
  • Andreas (attested November 1220 – September 1236)[27]
  • Fabianus (18 July 1256 – ?)[28]
  • Francesco da Taverna, O.Min. ( ? )[29]
  • Marbellus (attested 29 August 1272 – July 1274)[30]
Sede vacante
  • Pietro de Morano, O.Min. (April 1275? – ? )[31]
  • Marcus (21 January 1283 – 25 February 1286)[32]
  • Manfredus (28 January 1287 – )[33]
  • Thomas, O.Cist. (26 August 1323 – 1348)[34]
  • Bertucio de Citrano, O.Min. (3 October 1348 – 1349)
  • Giovanni (18 May 1349 – 1374?)[35]
  • Nicolaus (30 October 1374 – )[36]
  • Petrus Roncella (24 October 1379 – ) (Avignon Obedience)
  • Philippus de Legonio (?) (Roman Obedience)
  • Tommaso Mari (c. 1397 – c. 1399)
  • Dominicus de Sora (30 July 1399 – 1400)[37]



Sede vacante (1810–1818)

Diocese of San Marco e BisignanoEdit

United: 27 June 1818 with the Diocese of Bisignano
Latin Name: Sancti Marci et Bisinianensis
Immediately Subject to the Holy See

  • Pasquale Mazzei (27 Sep 1819 Confirmed – 16 Feb 1823 Died)[63]
  • Felice Greco (3 May 1824 Confirmed – 22 Feb 1840 Died)[64]
  • Nicola Majerà Mariano Marsico (22 Jul 1842 Confirmed – 14 Oct 1846 Died)
  • Livio Parlandore (Parladore; Parlatore) (28 Sep 1849 Confirmed – 19 Sep 1888 Died)
  • Stanislao Maria de Luca (19 Sep 1888 Succeeded – 18 May 1894 Appointed Bishop of San Severo)
  • Luigi Pugliese (5 Jun 1895 – 22 Jun 1896 Appointed Bishop of Ugento)
  • Carlo Vincenzo Ricotta (22 Jun 1896 – 14 Jan 1909 Died)
  • Salvatore Scanu (30 Jun 1909 – 22 Jan 1932 Died)
  • Demetrio Moscato (24 Jun 1932 – 22 Jan 1945 Appointed Archbishop of Salerno)
  • Michele Rateni (6 Jun 1945 – 7 Jul 1953 Died)
  • Agostino Ernesto Castrillo, O.F.M. (17 Sep 1953 – 17 Oct 1955 Died)[65]
  • Luigi Rinaldi (22 Feb 1956 – 1977 Retired)

Diocese of San Marco Argentano-ScaleaEdit

4 April 1979 United with the Archdiocese of Cosenza which was then split to form the Archdiocese of Cosenza e Bisignano and the Diocese of San Marco Argentano-Scalea
Latin Name: Sancti Marci Argentanensis-Scaleensis

  • Augusto Lauro (7 Apr 1979 – 6 Mar 1999 Retired)
  • Domenico Crusco (6 Mar 1999 – 7 Jan 2011 Retired)
  • Leonardo Antonio Paolo Bonanno (7 Jan 2011 – )


  1. ^ Kamp, p. 823, note 4.
  2. ^ "Diocese of San Marco Argentano-Scalea" David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016.[self-published source?]
  3. ^ ""Diocese of San Marco Argentano-Scalea" Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016.[self-published source?]
  4. ^ The notion espoused by David M. Cheney, that San Marco was formed within the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Rossano is contrary to the evidence and to scholarly opinion, and cannot be maintained. In the Diatyposis of Leo the Wise (c. 900), an official list of episcopal Seats, the diocese of Rossano is entered as a suffragan of the Metropolitan of Reggio Calabria, both of whom are subordinate to the Patriarch of Constantinople (L. Duchesne, p. 9). In the Liber Censuum (c. 1192) Rossano is listed as a See dependent upon the Holy See, along with four other bishoprics in northern Calabria: Cassano, Bisignano, Cosenza, and Malvito. Bisignano, Cosenza and Malvito were suffragans of the Archbishop of Salerno. Paul Fabre, Le Liber Censuum de l'Église romaine I (Paris: Fontemoing 1905), p. 243 and 247. Malvito was not suffragan to Rossano. Louis Duchesne, Melanges Paul Favre, p. 14, points out that, if Rossano were an archdiocese, it was an autocephalous Greek archdiocese.
  5. ^ Kehr, p. 88. Kamp, p. 824 note 5. There was a long controversy as to whether San Marco immediately replaced Malvito, or whether Malvito continued on for a time after the establishment of San Marco. The former position is more favored by the current state of the evidence.
  6. ^ Kehr, X, p. 88, points out that Bishop Ruben, who attended the Lateran Council of 1179, was seated with the bishops immediately subject to the Holy See.
  7. ^ J-D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima (Venice 1778), pp. 214 and 459. Kamp. p. 823 note 5.
  8. ^ A. Potthast, Regesta pontificorum Romanorum, II (Berlin: Decker 1875), p. 1695, no. 21023.
  9. ^ It is claimed by Taccone-Gallucci, who publishes the text of the mandate at pp. 168-169 (wrongly dated to 1276), that San Marco had always been directly dependent upon the Holy See: pp. 326 and 350.
  10. ^ Taccone-Gallucci, p. 391.
  11. ^ D'Avino, p. 74.
  12. ^ D'Avino, p. 70 column 2.
  13. ^ Pius VII issued the Bull De utiliori on 27 July 1818: Bullarii Romani continuatio (in Latin). Tomus septimus, pars II. Prati: Typographia Aldina. 1852. pp. 1774 § 27. Felice Torelli (1848). La chiave del Concordato dell'anno 1818 e degli atti emanati posteriormente al medesimo (in Italian). Vol. I (seconda ed.). Napoli: Stamperia del Fibreno. p. 127. |volume= has extra text (help) Walter Maturi (1929). Il Concordato del 1818 tra la Santa Sede e le Due Sicilie (in Italian). Firenze: Le Monnier.
  14. ^ a b Cheney, David M. "Diocese of San Marco Argentano-Scalea". All Dioceses. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
  15. ^ Luigi Tosti, Storia della Badia di Monte-Cassino Tomo II (Napoli 1842), pp. 5-6. Taccone-Gallucci, p. 321. Luigi Mezzadri; Maurizio Tagliaferri; Elio Guerriero (2008). Le diocesi d'Italia (in Italian). Vol. 3. Cinisello Balsamo (Milano): San Paolo. p. 1117. ISBN 978-88-215-6172-6. |volume= has extra text (help)
  16. ^ Pietro Ebner (1982). Chiesa, baroni e popolo nel Cilento (in Italian). Vol. I. Roma: Ed. di Storia e Letteratura. pp. 664, with note 50. GGKEY:BHHFPJFJGZ9. |volume= has extra text (help)
  17. ^ Umberto Benigno, in: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "San Marco and Bisignano" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  18. ^ a b "Diocese of San Marco Argentano–Scalea". Catholic Dioceses in the World. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
  19. ^ Cheney, David M. "Archdiocese of Cosenza-Bisignano". All Dioceses. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
  20. ^ Gauchat, IV, p. 231, note 1. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 275, note 1.
  21. ^ a b D'Avino, p. 70.
  22. ^ Diocesi di San Marco Argentano–Scalea Capitolo Cattedrale, retrieved: 2017-03-05. (in Italian)
  23. ^ D'Avino, p. 70 column 1.
  24. ^ Ughelli, I, p. 877. Kehr, X, p. 88. Kamp, p. 823.
  25. ^ Ughelli, IX, pp. 198-200; 344. Kamp, p. 824.
  26. ^ Nicholas was elected by September 1205. Kamp, p. 824.
  27. ^ Ughelli, pp. 877–878. Kamp, pp. 825–826.
  28. ^ Eubel, I, p. 325.
  29. ^ A document states that Francesco was Marbello's immediate predecessor: Taccone-Gallucci, p. 440.
  30. ^ Marbellus had been a Canon of San Marco. Though elected in 1268 or 1269, he could not obtain bulls of consecration or installation during the long papal Sede Vacante of 1268–1271. Kamp, p. 827. Eubel, I, p. 325.
  31. ^ Pietro had been elected before April 1275, when Pope Gregory X issued a mandate to have the election examined. The examiner was the Archbishop of Capua, Marino Filomarino (1252–1285). The election may have been uncanonical or defective, since there were several candidates (the Archdeacon, the Treasurer and a Canon) and it was unclear how a successful election of a fourth party had been achieved. The Pope mentions that the Provincial of the Franciscans had given his support to the candidacy of Fr. Pietro. The Pope's letter was dated 7 April 1275, and therefore Pietro was only Bishop-elect.
  32. ^ Marcus was transferred to the diocese of Sorrento on 25 February 1286. Eubel, I, p. 325, 469.
  33. ^ Manfred had been a Canon of Cosentino. Eubel states that he had gone into exile. He became Apostolic Administrator of Bisaccia on 2 June 1291. Eubel, I, pp. 136, 326.
  34. ^ Thomas had been the Abbot of the monastery of S. Maria de Matina. His appointment to S. Marco was approved by Pope John XXII. Gams, p. 850. Eubel, I, p. 326. On S. Maria de Matina see: Kehr, X, pp. 89–92.
  35. ^ Giovanni had been a Canon of the Cathedral of Cassano. Eubel, I, p. 326.
  36. ^ Nicolaus was transferred to S. Marco from the diocese of Umbriatico by Pope Gregory XI. Eubel, I, p. 326, 507.
  37. ^ Dominicus: Ughelli, p. 879.
  38. ^ Mainerius had been Abbot of the Monastery of S. Sebastiano (Naples). He was offered the diocese of Nola on 15 February 1400, but he declined the appointment. He accepted S. Marco. Ughelli, p. 879. Eubel, I, p. 326, with note 6.
  39. ^ Ludovico Embriaco-Brancaccio was a Neapolitan aristocrat. Ughelli, p. 879. Eubel, I, p. 326, with note 7.
  40. ^ Antonio had been Canon of Rossano. Antonio was transferred to the diocese of Martorano on 11 February 1446. Ughelli, p. 879. Eubel, II, p. 135, 186.
  41. ^ Goffridus had been Bishop of Martorano (1442–1446). Eubel, II, p. 135, 186.
  42. ^ Rutilius: Eubel, III, p. 234.
  43. ^ "Bishop Luigi de Amato" David M. Cheney. Retrieved September 25, 2016. Eubel, III, p. 234.
  44. ^ "Bishop Organtino Scaroli (Scazola)" David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 21, 2016
  45. ^ Matteo was a priest of the diocese of Cosentino, and was a doctor of theology. He had previously been Bishop of Fondi (1567–1576). Eubel, III, pp. 200, 234.
  46. ^ D'Affitto had been Canon of Amalfi. He held the degree Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law). He was Vicar of Amalfi for seven years. His funeral inscription states that he had been nominated Archbishop of Acerenza and Matera. Ughelli, p. 880-881. Eubel, III, p. 235, with note 10.
  47. ^ a b c d e f Gauchat, Patritius (Patrice). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentioris aevi. Vol. IV. p. 231. |volume= has extra text (help)
  48. ^ "Archbishop Aurelio Novarini, O.F.M. Conv." David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 21, 2016
  49. ^ Bishop Indelli was a native of Monopoli. He was a Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law), and held the office of Referendary of the Two Signatures in the Roman Curia. He was consecrated in Rome on 7 July 1624 by Cardinal Cosimo de Torres. Indelli held a diocesan synod in San Marco. Taccone-Gallucci, p. 392. Gauchat, IV, p. 231 with note 6.
  50. ^ "Bishop Consalvo Caputo" David M. Cheney. Retrieved January 2, 2017
  51. ^ Brusati: Gauchat, IV, p. 231 with note 8.
  52. ^ Teodoro Fantoni (2006). Il sinodo di Teodoro Fantoni vescovo di San Marco 12-14 aprile 1665: introduzione, textus, traduzione, appendice documentaria (in Italian). Roma: Gangemi. ISBN 978-88-492-1119-1. Gauchat, IV, p. 231, with note 10. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 255, note 2.
  53. ^ Papa was born in S. Nicolao vallis longae (diocese of Mileto) in 1627. He obtained the degree Doctor in utorque iure (Civil and Canon Law) from the Sapienza in Rome in 1649. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 255 with note 3.
  54. ^ D'Alessandro was born in the town of Galatone (diocese of Nardò) in 1628. He was a Doctor of theology from the Sapienza in Rome (1656). Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 255 with note 4.
  55. ^ Carafa was appointed Bishop of Nola. He died on 6 January 1737. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, pp. 255 with note 5; 291 with note 5.
  56. ^ Sibilia: Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 255 with note 6.
  57. ^ Cavalieri: Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 255 with note 7.
  58. ^ Magno: Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 255 with note 8.
  59. ^ Sacchi was born in Motta S. Lucia (diocese of Marturano) in 1863. He obtained the degree of Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law) at the Sapienza in Rome in 1710. He was named Vicar General of the diocese of Policastro and Rossano, and then of Albano. He was consecrated in Rome on 30 November 1745 by Cardinal Pierluigi Carafa. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 275 with note 3.
  60. ^ Brescia: Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 275 with note 4.
  61. ^ Moncada: Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 275 with note 5.
  62. ^ Coppola (Gerard Gaspar) was born in Altomonte (diocese of Cassano) in 1730. He became a Master in theology (1778); he lectured in philosophy and theology in various convents of his Order. He was Prior in several convents, and Prior General of the Dominican Province of Calabria. He was appointed by the King of Naples as Visitor of all the monastic institutions in Calabria. On 31 October 1797 he was nominated by the King to be Bishop of S. Marco, receiving papal approval on 18 December 1797. He was consecrated a bishop in Rome on 21 December 1797 by Cardinal Giuseppe Doria. He died in Altomonte on 7 February 1810. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 275 with note 6.
  63. ^ Mazzei was a native of Fuscaldo (diocese of Cosenza), and became a priest of the diocese of Cosenza. He was a Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law), Protonotary Apostolic, and Vicar General of the diocese of Capua. Luigi Falcone (2003). Minoranze etniche e culturali nella Calabria settentrionale fra XV e XIX secolo: atti del convegno di studi : Bisignano, 19 giugno 2000 (in Italian). Cosenza: Progetto 2000. pp. 74–75. ISBN 978-88-8276-117-2.
  64. ^ Greco was born in Catanzaro in 1775. He was a laureate in theology (Naples 1819). He served as Vicar Capitular and Dean of the Cathedral Chapter of Catanzaro. He was then Vicar of the diocese of Oppido. He was elected bishop of San Marco Argentano e Bisignano on 3 May 1824, and consecrated in Rome on 9 May by Cardinal Francesco Bertazzoli. He restored the façade of the cathedral and the episcopal palace of San Marco (1835), as well as that of Bisignano. He died in San Marco on 22 February 1840 and was interred in the Cathedral. His brother Ignacio was Bishop of Oppido (1819–1821). Leonardo Calabretta (2004). Le diocesi di Squillace e Catanzaro. Cardinali, arcivescovi e vescovi nati nelle due diocesi (in Italian). Cosenza: Pellegrini Editore. pp. 147–148. ISBN 978-88-8101-229-9. D'Avino, p. 72.
  65. ^ Diocesi di San Marco Argentano–Scalea, Ernesto Castrillo: La vita, retrieved: 2017-03-05. A more extensive biography can be viewed by clicking on the PDF file at the bottom of the diocese's page. The biography is part of a campaign to have the Bishop elevated to the rank of sainthood.


Reference worksEdit


External linksEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "San Marco and Bisignano". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

Coordinates: 39°33′00″N 16°07′00″E / 39.5500°N 16.1167°E / 39.5500; 16.1167