Ancient See of Roskilde

The Roman-Catholic Diocese of Roskilde (Danish: Roskildes Stift) was a diocese within the Roman-Catholic Church which was established in Denmark some time before 1022 and lasted until the Lutheran Reformation.

Diocese of Roskilde

Dioecesis Roskildensis

Roskilde Stift
Roskilde domkirke från Rådhustorvet corr.jpg
Roskilde Cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of Roskilde.
Ecclesiastical provinceLund
MetropolitanArchdiocese of Lund
DenominationRoman Catholic
Sui iuris churchLatin Church
RiteRoman Rite
CathedralRoskilde Cathedral


The episcopal see of the Bishop was Roskilde Cathedral but from 1167, when Bishop Absalon completed a new bishop's palace known as Absalon's Castle on the small island of Slotsholmen, he resided at the small town of Havn, which later became the present Danish capital Copenhagen.

The diocese originally included both the island of Zealand and Scania (southern Sweden, then part of Denmark), but Scania was disjoined in 1060 and initially divided into the short-lived Diocese of Dalby and the Diocese of Lund, which absorbed the first and became the Metropolitan of (southern) Scandinavia.

The diocese was dissolved with the Reformation of Denmark and replaced by the Protestant Diocese of Zealand in 1537.[1]

Successor jurisdictionsEdit

In 1868, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Copenhagen was established with St. Ansgar's Cathedral as the seat.

In 1922, the Protestant Diocese of Zealand was divided into the Diocese of Copenhagen and the Diocese of Roskilde.

Bishops of Roskilde, c. 1022 – 1536Edit



  1. ^ "Reformationen". Gyldendal. Retrieved 28 April 2011.