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The Roman Catholic Diocese of Guadix (Latin: Guadicen(sis)) is a Latin Catholic suffragan bishopric in the Ecclesiastical province of the Metropolitan of Granada in Andalusia, southern Spain[1] and a Latin titular bishopric under its Ancient name of Acci.[2] Its cathedral episcopal see is Nuestra Señora de la Anunciación, dedicated to Our Lady of the Annunciation, in the city of Guadix, administrative province of Granada. It was commenced in 1710, on the site occupied by the principal mosque, and completed in 1796.[3]

Diocese of Guadix

Dioecesis Guadicensis

Diócesis de Guadix
Catedral guadix.jpg
Location
CountrySpain
Ecclesiastical provinceGranada
MetropolitanGranada
Statistics
Area5,577 km2 (2,153 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2006)
109,254
107,000 (97.9%)
Information
DenominationRoman Catholic
RiteLatin Rite
Established1st Century
CathedralCathedral of Our Lady of the Annunciation in Guadix
Co-cathedralCo-Cathedral of Our Lady of the Incarnation in Baza
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
BishopFrancisco Jesús Orozco Mengíbar
Metropolitan ArchbishopFrancisco Javier Martínez Fernández
Website
Website of the Diocese

The diocese also has an (also Marian) co-cathedral, Nuestra Señora Santa María de la Encarnación, dedicated to Our Lady of the Incarnation (of Christ), in Baza, built as cathedral of the absorbed Diocese of Baza (Basti, suppressed circa 700).

The Seminary of St. Torquatus was founded by Bishop Juan José Fonseca in 1595. King Charles IV of Spain founded a hospice in 1803, and the ancient Jesuit college had become a hospital before the early 20th century.[3]

StatisticsEdit

The modern diocese of Guadix comprises the greater part of the Province of Granada and a portion of the Province of Almería. As per 2014, it pastorally served 102,000 Catholics (97.3% of 104,871 total) on 5,677 km² in 74 parishes and 67 missions with 58 priests (55 diocesan, 3 religious), 114 lay religious (8 brothers, 106 sisters) and 4 seminarians.[4]

Bishopric of AcciEdit

The first bishopric was established in 47 AD. The legend of the Seven Apostolic Men, preserved in the Mozarabic Missal, places the episcopal see of St. Torquatus (bishop from 47), one of the seven, in Ancient Acci, now called Guadix el Viejo, 6 km northwest of the modern city of Guadix, where the matron Luparia built a baptistery and primitive church. From then until 303, when Felix presided at the Council of Elvira, no record is preserved of the Accitanian bishops.[3] However one names one called Atanasia and one Emiliano (136? – ?)[4]

Liliolus attended the Third Council of Toledo in 589, and the names of the Accitanian bishops are to be found among those who attended the other Toletan councils; Clarencius at the fourth and fifth; Justus at the sixth; Julian at the eighth; Magnarius at the ninth and tenth; and Ricila, the last bishop whose name has come down to us before the Muslim invasion, at subsequent ones.[3]

In 741 it was suppressed, due to the Moorish conquest of Andalusia.[4]

In the Mozarabic period the diocese of Acci continued to exist. Isidorus Pacensis mentions Frodoarius, who presided seven years over the see. Quiricus assisted at the Council of Córdoba in 839.[3][5]

The Almohades, in the 12th century, destroyed this together with the other Andalusian sees.

Titular see of AcciEdit

By right of postliminium, the apostolic rank possessed by the see of Acci previous to the Islamic invasion is attributed to that of Guadix.[3] The Annuario Pontificio gives the date of foundation of the diocese of Guadix as 1st century AD.[6] It also lists the ancient see of Acci as a titular see (one that no longer has a diocesan bishop), thus distinguishing it from the bishopric of Guadix, so there are two parallel titles and lists of incumbents.[7]

Since the Ancient diocese was nominally restored in 1969 as Latin Titular bishopric of Acci, Latin adjective Accitan(us), it has had the following incumbents, so far all of the fitting Episcopal (lowest) rank, including an Eastern Catholic:[4]

Bishopric of GuadixEdit

An effective diocese was not restored until the time of the Catholic sovereigns. Cardinal Pedro González de Mendoza, Archbishop of Toledo, erected the new see of Guadix on 21 May 1492, in virtue of the Apostolic commission of Innocent VIII granted on 4 August 1486. It comprised the territory of the old dioceses of Acci and Basti. The collegiate church at Baza, the new name of Basti, was reluctant to accept rule from Guadix. As a compromise, the collegiate church was given authority, under the bishop, over twelve parishes, and the name of the bishopric was changed to Diocese Guadix-Baza, indicating a union of two dioceses under a single bishop. This continued until 1851, when the collegiate church became a simple parish church and the diocese resumed the name of Diocese of Guadix.[8][9][10]

In 1957 it lost territory to the Diocese of Almeria.[11]

Bishops of GuadixEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cheney, David M. "Diocese of Guadix". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved June 16, 2018. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help) [self-published]
  2. ^ Chow, Gabriel. "Diocese of Guadix (Italy)". GCatholic.org. Retrieved June 16, 2018. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help) [self-published]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Ramón Ruiz Amadó, "Guadix" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1914)
  4. ^ a b c d http://www.gcatholic.org/dioceses/former/t0029.htm
  5. ^ Roger Collins, Caliphs and Kings (John Wiley & Sons 2012 ISBN 978-1-11827399-9)
  6. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 277
  7. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013, p. 823
  8. ^ Bibliothèque sacrée, ou Dictionnaire universel, t. XI, Paris 1823, pp. 356–361
  9. ^ Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 2, p. 162
  10. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 3
  11. ^ http://www.gcatholic.org/dioceses/diocese/guad1.htm

Sources and external linksEdit