Diocese of Duvno
The Diocese of Duvno (Latin: Dioecesis Dumnensis or Dioecesis Dalminiensis) was a Latin rite diocese of the Catholic Church that was established in the 14th century with a seat in present-day Tomislavgrad in Bosnia and Herzegovina. From the late 17th century onwards, it was administered by the bishops of Makarska, though by the 19th century it was only a titular see. On 5 July 1881 Pope Leo XIII incorporated it into the newly established Diocese of Mostar-Duvno. Its last titular bishop was Cyryl Lubowidzki, who held the title until 1897, when it was formally suppressed.
Christianisation of the area around ancient Delminium intensified during the Late Antique period, especially in the area of Buško Blato, connecting major cities in the region including Salona, Argentarium, and Sirmium. There were four basilicas in the area of Buško Blato; these were located in present-day Prisoje, Bukova Gora, Podgradina, and Vinica. Closer to present-day Tomislavgrad were four antique churches in Crvenice, Borčani, and Karaula in Tomislavgrad. There was also one ancient church in Šuica.
Delminium was unable to recover after the Barbarian Invasion and is not mentioned in the early Medieval sources. Contrary to a number of historians' previously-held belief that there was an ancient diocese with a seat in Delminium, Ante Škegro argues that there was no such diocese. The confusion came with a misinterpretation of a document from the Second Council of Salona of 533. The document supposedly referred to a bishop in the area of delmensis, which was identified with Delminium, but it actually made reference to the Dalmatian Hinterland.
Pope Clement V established the diocese in the 14th century and regularly appointed bishops until 1663  when its territory merged into the Diocese of Makarska. The last bishop, Mihalj Jahnn, the Czech Franciscan, found a land and Christian population which had been devastated.
On 24 March 1846, the Apostolic Vicariate of Herzegovina was founded when it separated from the Apostolic Vicariate of Bosnia and from the Diocese of Dubrovnik. The vicariate encompassed the area of the former Diocese of Duvno.
Regular ecclesiastical hierarchy was restored in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1881. Duvno was located within the boundaries of the Mostar diocese, so the bishop of Mostar adopted the titles "Bishop of Duvno" and "Bishop of Mostar-Duvno" in order to maintain the memory of the Duvno Diocese.
|Bishops of Duvno|
|24 March 1317||unknown||John of Hoio, OCist|
|20 June 1345||unknown||John, OCist|
|1347||unknown||Guerino of Zadar|
|7 September 1394||unknown||Peter Tilikonis, OFM|
|c. 1406||21 October 1412||George, OFM||Translated to the Diocese of Hvar in 1412.|
|15 September 1419||unknown||Blaise of Navarra, OFM|
|27 July 1433||1439||Hugo Fornetus|
|22 April 1439||1459||Jeronim Trogiranin, OFM|
|2 January 1460||1464||Nikola Zadranin, OFM|
|1489||1495||Vid de Ruscis, OFM|
|26 January 1507||1514||Tomás de Córdoba, OESA|
|8 August 1514||12 October 1520||Alvaro Salas Sánchez, OESA|
|1520||unknown||Andrija Klement de Turrecremata, OFM|
|after 1520||before 1536||Luca di Seriate||Titular bishop of Duvno and suffragan of Cardinal Benedetto Accolti|
|14 July 1536||1551||Nikola de Berganicio|
|2 December 1551||1557||Daniel Vocatius, OFM||Translated to the Diocese of Sigüenza in Spain probably in 1563.|
|unknown||1590||Daniel Vladimirović Neretvanin||Martyred in Ljubuški|
|30 August 1610||6 October 1625||Alfonso de Requeséns Fenollet||Also Bishop of Risano. Translated to the Diocese of Barbastro in 1625.|
|30 August 1627||unknown||Vincenzo Zucconi||Bishop of Risano.|
|31 July 1645||24 July 1647||Marijan Maravić, OFM||Translated to the Diocese of Bosnia in 1647.|
|1654||unknown||Mijo Janković, OFM|
|25 October 1655||1656||Pavao Posilović, OFM||Also Bishop of Skradin (1642-1657)|
|14 January 1658||1665||Mihalj Jahnn, OFM|
|11 February 1664||7 March 1686||Marijan Lišnjić, OFM||Apostolic administrator and bishop of Makarska|
|19 December 1689||10 August 1730||Nikola Bijanković, CO||Apostolic administrator and bishop of Makarska.|
|24 September 1731||November 1776||Stjepan Blašković, CO||Apostolic administrator and bishop of Makarska. In dispute with the apostolic vicars of Bosnia (established in 1735), bishop Mate Delivić, OFM and Pavao Dragičević, OFM, over the jurisdiction in Duvno.|
|15 December 1740||14 February 1773||Pavao Dragičević, OFM||Appointed Bishop of Duvno on 15 December 1740, also served as Apostolic Vicar of Bosnia (1740–1766).|
|22 December 1800||1807||Silvestro Scarani||Italian. Titular Bishop. Auxiliary Bishop of Ostia–Velletri|
|23 September 1816||7 October 1817||Francesco Maria Biordi||Italian. Titular Bishop.|
|25 May 1818||3 May 1824||Joseph Chrysostomus Pauer||Austrian. Titular Bishop. Military vicar of Austria, later served as Bishop of Sankt Pölten.|
|9 April 1827||6 February 1836||Franciszek Pawłowski||Polish. Titular Bishop. Auxiliary Bishop of Warszawa, Coadjutor Bishop of Płock, and later Bishop of Płock.|
|6 April 1835||24 April 1848||Johann Aloys Hoffmann||Austrian. Titular Bishop. Auxiliary Bishop of Salzburg.|
|20 May 1850||19 October 1868||Balthasar Schitter||Austrian. Titular Bishop. Auxiliary Bishop of Salzburg.|
|1868||1870||Josip Mihalović||Hungarian. Titular Bishop. Archbishop of Zagreb and later a cardinal.|
|7 September 1874||18 January 1884||Dominic Manucy||American. Titular Bishop. Vicar Apostolic of Brownsville, later Bishop of Mobile and again Vicar Apostolic of Brownville, Titular Bishop of Maroneia.|
|24 March 1884||2 August 1897||Cyryl Lubowidzki||Polish. Titular Bishop. Auxiliary Bishop of Kyiv–Černihiv, later Bishop of Lutsk and Zytomierz and Apostolic Administrator of Kamyanets-Podilsky.|
- Škegro 2007, p. 283–285.
- Škegro 2007, p. 285.
- Škegro 2007, p. 286.
- "Duvanjska biskupija". Proleksis enciklopedija. Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography. Retrieved 3 August 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Leo XIII, Ex hac augusta
- "Diocese of Mostar-Duvno". gcatholic.org. GCatholic.org. Retrieved 3 August 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Škegro, Ante (2007). "The Alleged Diocese of Delminium". Opvscvla archaeologica. 31 (1): 283–302.