Roman Catholic Diocese of Dromore

The Diocese of Dromore is a Roman Catholic diocese in Northern Ireland. It is one of eight suffragan dioceses which are subject to the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Armagh.[2]

Diocese of Dromore

Dioecesis Dromorensis

Deoise an Droma Mhóir
Newry Cathedral - geograph.org.uk - 1497482.jpg
Location
CountryNorthern Ireland
TerritoryParts of counties Antrim, Armagh and Down
Ecclesiastical provinceProvince of Armagh
Statistics
Area386 sq mi (1,000 km2)
Population
- Total
- Catholics (including non-members)
(as of 2013)
194,000
88,000 (45.4%)
Information
DenominationRoman Catholic
RiteLatin Rite
EstablishedDiocese in circa 1192[1]
CathedralSt. Patrick and St. Colman’s Cathedral, Newry
Patron saintSt Patrick and St Colman
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
BishopSede vacante
Metropolitan ArchbishopEamon Martin
Map
Roman Catholic Diocese of Dromore map.png
Website
dromorediocese.org

The diocese is currently sede vacante. The most recent Bishop was the Most Reverend John McAreavey who received his episcopal consecration in 1999.

Geographical remitEdit

The geographical remit of the see includes portions of the counties of Down, Armagh and Antrim which are all situated in Northern Ireland. Large population centres in the diocese include Newry, Banbridge, Craigavon, Lurgan and Warrenpoint.[3] The bishop's seat (cathedra) is in the cathedral church of SS Patrick and Colman, Newry.

HistoryEdit

FoundationEdit

The monastery of Dromore is believed to have been founded in the sixth century by St Colman (called also Mocholmóc), probably the first Abbot of Dromore.[4] The first building was a small wattle and daub church on the northern bank of the River Lagan. The Diocese of Dromore was established through the reorganisation of the Irish Church in the late 12th century, possibly at the synod held in Dublin in 1192[1] by the papal legate, Múirges Ua hÉnna, Archbishop of Cashel. The diocese coincided with the territory of the Uí Echach Cobo, which later became the baronies of Upper and Lower Iveagh, and the lordship of Newry, County Down.[4]

Post-ReformationEdit

During the 16th century Reformation, the Roman Catholic Church lost control of the old cathedral in Dromore to the Protestant Church of Ireland, which was wholly destroyed during the rebellion of 1641 and rebuilt twenty years later.

In the 19th century, the Church chose the site of a new cathedral at Newry, the largest town of County Down, and a place of significant ecclesiastical importance as the site of an ancient monastery, situated at the head of Carlingford Lough. Work for building of Newry Cathedral begun in 1823 and was completed in 1829 [5] by Dr. Michael Blake (bishop of Dromore 1833–1860) who had been Vicar-General of Dublin and the restorer of the Irish College at Rome. This cathedral was enlarged and beautified by Bishop Henry O'Neill, who succeeded Bishop Thomas MacGivern in 1901.

Under Dr. McGivern's predecessor, Dr. John Pius Leahy, O.P. (1860–1890), a Dominican priory was founded on the Armagh side of Newry, and a church erected. The Poor Clares, who went to Newry from Harold's Cross, Dublin, in 1830, were for many years the only nuns north of the River Boyne. The Sisters of Mercy founded a convent at Newry in 1855.

Abbey Yard in Newry marks the site of the Cistercian abbey founded in 1144 by St. Bernard's friend, St. Malachy O'Morgair, and endowed in 1157 by Maurice O'Loughlin, High King of Ireland. It is called in the annals Monasterium de Viridi Ligno — a name given to Newry from the yew-tree, said to have been planted there by St. Patrick, the Irish name being Niubar (and sometimes Newrkintragh, "the yew at the head of the strand") which is Latinized Ivorium or Nevoracum, but more commonly as above Viride Lignum.

Allegations of Sexual AbuseEdit

In 2012 the Parish Priest of Donaghmore in the diocese, Fr Terence Rafferty, was convicted of four counts of indecently assaulting a young girl in 2001. Five other offences were left on the books. The offences had been reported to the diocese in 2011: the diocese suspended him and promptly informed the relevant authorities.[6]

On 1 March 2018 Bishop John McAreavey resigned as Bishop of Dromore with immediate effect amid controversy concerning his knowledge of, and behaviour towards Fr. Malachy Finegan. McAreavey celebrated Mass him alongside in 2000 despite knowing Finegan to be a paedophile against whom very serious criminal allegations had been made.[7] Indeed, in 2002, John McAreavey celebrated the funeral Mass of Malachy Finegan in Warrenpoint, Co. Down, Northern Ireland.

The Vatican's formal acceptance of McAreavey's resignation was announced on 26 March 2018 and Bishop Philip Boyce was appointed Apostolic Administrator.[8]

On Monday 15 April 2019, Pope Francis appointed the Archbishop of Armagh - Eamon Martin as Apostolic Administrator of the diocese with "immediate effect". In response to the appointment, the outgoing apostolic administrator Bishop Boyce said "I am very happy to welcome Archbishop Eamon Martin as the new Apostolic Administrator of Dromore. I wish to thank the people and clergy for their prayers, goodwill, encouragement and unstinting support over the last year. While I am looking forward to my retirement, I remain available to pastorally support Archbishop Martin, and Dromore, in any way that I can".

Archbishop Eamon Martin said, “The Holy Father has asked me to take over the role of Apostolic Administrator from Bishop Boyce whilst continuing with my role as Archbishop of Armagh. I am humbled by Pope Francis’ request and grateful for his confidence in me. It will be an honour for me to serve the people, priests and religious of Dromore during this transitional time for the diocese. Please pray for me as I take up this new responsibility.”[9]

OrdinariesEdit

The following is a basic list of the bishops since the beginning of the 19th century.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 348. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
  2. ^ Archdiocese of Armagh. Retrieved on 16 January 2009.
  3. ^ a b Diocese of Dromore. Catholic Hierarchy. Retrieved on 23 August 2009.
  4. ^ a b History. Diocese of Dromore. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
  5. ^ John McCullagh (2 January 2008). "Newry Cathedral". Newry Journal. Archived from the original on 8 October 2009. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
  6. ^ "Sex abuse priest unmasked by court". www.lurganmail.co.uk.
  7. ^ "Bishop John McAreavey resigns after criticism". 1 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Pope names Bishop McAreavey replacement". BBC News. 26 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Archbishop Eamon Martin appointed Apostolic Administrator | Diocese of Dromore".

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Diocese of Dromore". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

Coordinates: 54°10′29″N 6°20′17″W / 54.1746°N 6.3381°W / 54.1746; -6.3381