Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington
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The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington is a particular church of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States. It comprises the District of Columbia and Calvert, Charles, Montgomery, Prince George's and Saint Mary's counties in the state of Maryland.
|Archdiocese of Washington
|Territory||District of Columbia plus counties of Montgomery, Prince George's, St. Mary's, Calvert, and Charles in Maryland|
|Area||2,104 sq mi (5,450 km2)|
|(as of 2014)
|Established||November 15, 1947 (70 years ago)|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle|
|Patron saint||St. Matthew|
|Metropolital Archbishop||Donald Cardinal Wuerl|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Mario E. Dorsonville
Roy Edward Campbell
|Emeritus Bishops||Theodore Edgar Cardinal McCarrick
Francisco González Valer
The Archdiocese of Washington is home to The Catholic University of America, the only national university operated by the bishops conference of the United States and Georgetown University, the oldest Jesuit institution of higher education in the country.
In addition, the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, a minor basilica dedicated to the nation's patroness, is located within and administered by it, and, although it is not the Archdiocesan cathedral (nor even a parish of the Archdiocese), it is the site of its Easter and Christmas Masses.
The ordinary of the Archdiocese of Washington is an archbishop whose cathedra is the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle in the City of Washington and who is metropolitan of the Ecclesiastical Province of Washington. Its sole suffragan see is the Diocese of Saint Thomas in the United States Virgin Islands.
The first Archbishop of Washington was Michael Joseph Curley in 1939. Eight years later, on November 15, 1947, the archdiocese received its first residential archbishop, with the appointment of Patrick Aloysius O'Boyle. Currently, Donald William Cardinal Wuerl serves as the ordinary of the Archdiocese.
The Archdiocese of Washington often prides itself in sharing the fact that the Society of Jesus celebrated the first Mass in British North America on its shores in 1634. During the colonial era, however, Catholics would remain a persecuted people suffering the wrath of oppression allowed by local penal laws.
Upon the founding of the United States, a Jesuit priest, Father John Carroll, was elected head of the missionary territory (later Prefecture Apostolic) of the United States. In 1789 the Diocese of Baltimore (later the Archdiocese of Baltimore) was established with Carroll as its first bishop, and given ecclesiastical jurisdiction over the entire nation.
On July 22, 1939, Pope Pius XII separated the cities of Washington and Baltimore, creating two archdioceses (Baltimore and Washington), under the oversight of one archbishop in persona episcopi. This process of separation was officially concluded on November 15, 1947, with the appointment of Washington's first residential archbishop. The Archdiocese of Washington became a metropolitan see on October 12, 1965, when the Diocese of Saint Thomas became its first (and, so far, only) suffragan see.
The lists of archbishops, auxiliary and affiliated bishops and their terms of service.
- Michael Joseph Curley (1939–1947; simultaneously Archbishop of Baltimore); died in office
- Patrick Aloysius Cardinal O'Boyle (1947–1973; first residential archbishop); retired; died 1987
- William Wakefield Cardinal Baum (1973–1980); appointed Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education (1980–1990) and Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary (1990–2001); died 2015
- James Aloysius Cardinal Hickey (1980–2000); retired; died 2004
- Theodore Edgar Cardinal McCarrick (2000–2006); retired
- Donald William Cardinal Wuerl (since 2006)
- John Michael McNamara (1947–1960) died
- Patrick Joseph McCormick (1950–1953) died
- Philip Matthew Hannan (1956–1965) appointed Archbishop of New Orleans
- William Joseph McDonald (1964–1967) appointed Auxiliary Bishop of San Francisco
- John Selby Spence (1964–1973) died
- Edward John Herrmann (1966–1973) appointed Bishop of Columbus
- Thomas William Lyons (1974–1988) died
- Eugene Antonio Marino S.S.J. (1974–1988) appointed Archbishop of Atlanta
- Thomas Cajetan Kelly O.P. (1977–1981) appointed Archbishop of Louisville
- Alvaro Corrada del Rio S.J. (1985–1997) appointed Apostolic Administrator of Caguas, Puerto Rico, appointed Bishop of Mayaguez, Puerto Rico
- William George Curlin (1988–1994) appointed Bishop of Charlotte
- Leonard James Olivier S.V.D. (1988–2004) retired
- William Edward Lori (1995–2001) appointed Bishop of Bridgeport
- Kevin Joseph Farrell (2001–2007) appointed Bishop of Dallas
- Francisco González Valer S.F. (2001–2014) retired
- Martin David Holley (2004–2016) appointed Bishop of Memphis
- Barry Christopher Knestout (2008-2018) appointed Bishop of Richmond
- Mario E. Dorsonville (since 2015)
- Roy Edward Campbell (since 2017)
Other affiliated bishopsEdit
The following clergy began their service as priests for the Archdiocese, before being appointed bishops elsewhere:
- Academy of the Holy Cross, Kensington, MD
- Archbishop Carroll High School, DC
- The Avalon School, Gaithersburg, MD
- Bishop McNamara High School, Forestville, MD
- Brookewood School, Kensington, MD
- Connelly School of the Holy Child, Potomac, MD
- DeMatha Catholic High School, Hyattsville, MD
- Don Bosco Cristo Rey High School, Takoma Park, MD
- Elizabeth Seton High School, Bladensburg, MD
- Georgetown Preparatory School, North Bethesda, MD
- Georgetown Visitation Preparatory School, DC
- Gonzaga College High School, DC
- The Heights School, Potomac, MD
- Our Lady of Good Counsel High School, Olney, MD
- St. Anselm's Abbey School, DC
- St. John's College High School, DC
- St. Mary's Ryken High School, Leonardtown, MD
- St. Vincent Pallotti High School, Laurel, MD
- Stone Ridge School of the Sacred Heart, Bethesda, MD
- Mount Olivet Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
- Gate of Heaven Cemetery, Silver Spring, Maryland
- St. Mary's Queen of Peace Cemetery, Helen, Maryland
- Resurrection Cemetery, Clinton, Maryland
- All Souls Cemetery, Germantown, Maryland
Two former parish cemeteries are also operated by the archdiocese:
- St. John’s Cemetery, Forest Glen, Maryland
- St. Mary’s Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
Province of Washington, D.C.Edit
- Catholic Church in the United States
- Ecclesiastical Province of Washington
- Global organisation of the Catholic Church
- List of Roman Catholic archdioceses (by country and continent)
- List of Roman Catholic dioceses (alphabetical) (including archdioceses)
- List of Roman Catholic dioceses (structured view) (including archdioceses)
- List of the Catholic cathedrals of the United States
- List of the Catholic dioceses of the United States
- Mount St. Sepulchre Franciscan Monastery
- St. Mary's City, Maryland
- Archdiocese of Washington
- "Statistics". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington. 2016-12-06. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- Although the archdiocese was created on July 29, 1939, it shared its first archbishop with the Archdiocese of Baltimore — Archbishop Curley — who continued to administer the two archdioceses as a single unit, until Washington's first residential archbishop was appointed on Nov. 15, 1947. Most Rev. Michael J. Curley. Archdiocese of Baltimore. Retrieved on 2016-11-19. Archbishops of the Modern Era. Archdiocese of Baltimore. Retrieved on 2016-11-19.
- "About Us". The Catholic University of America. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
- About Us. Archdiocese of Washington. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
- "Prefect Apostolic". The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 12. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. Retrieved 6 Aug 2012.
- "Most Reverend John F. Donoghue". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Atlanta. Retrieved December 23, 2010.
- Parish Cemeteries from the official website of the Catholic Cemeteries of the Archdiocese of Washington
- History from the official website of the Catholic Cemeteries of the Archdiocese of Washington