Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington is a particular church of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States. It comprises the District of Columbia and Calvert, Charles, Montgomery, Prince George's and Saint Mary's counties in the state of Maryland.
Archdiocese of Washington
|Territory||District of Columbia plus counties of Montgomery, Prince George's, St. Mary's, Calvert, and Charles in Maryland|
|Area||2,104 sq mi (5,450 km2)|
|(as of 2014)|
|Established||November 15, 1947 (71 years ago)|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle|
|Patron saint||St. Matthew|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Sede Vacante|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Mario E. Dorsonville|
Roy Edward Campbell
Michael William Fisher
|Apostolic Administrator||Donald Wuerl|
|Emeritus Bishops||Donald Wuerl|
Theodore Edgar McCarrick
Francisco González Valer
The Archdiocese of Washington is home to The Catholic University of America, the only national university operated by the bishops conference of the United States and Georgetown University, the oldest Jesuit institution of higher education in the country.
In addition, the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, a minor basilica dedicated to the nation's patroness, is located within and administered by it, and, although it is not the Archdiocesan cathedral (nor even a parish of the Archdiocese), it is the site of its Easter and Christmas Masses.
The ordinary of the Archdiocese of Washington is an archbishop whose cathedra is the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle in the City of Washington and who is metropolitan of the Ecclesiastical Province of Washington. Its sole suffragan see is the Diocese of Saint Thomas in the United States Virgin Islands.
The first Archbishop of Washington was Michael Joseph Curley in 1939. Eight years later, on November 15, 1947, the archdiocese received its first residential archbishop, with the appointment of Patrick Aloysius O'Boyle. Donald William Cardinal Wuerl served as the most recent ordinary of the Archdiocese. Wuerl resigned as Archbishop of Washington on October 12, 2018 in the wake of revelations about his poor handling of incidents of sex abuse when he served as Bishop of Pittsburgh.
On March 25, 1634, the first Catholic Mass in the English-speaking colonies was celebrated by Fr. Andrew White, S.J., on St. Clement's Island, Maryland, in what is now part of the Archdiocese of Washington. The Catholic founders of the Maryland settlement then established the colony as a place of religious freedom. During the colonial era, however, when others took power, Catholics would become a persecuted people suffering the wrath of oppression allowed by local penal laws.
Upon the founding of the United States, a Jesuit priest, Father John Carroll, was elected head of the missionary territory (later Prefecture Apostolic) of the United States. In 1789 the Diocese of Baltimore (later the Archdiocese of Baltimore) was established with Carroll as its first bishop, and given ecclesiastical jurisdiction over the entire nation.
On July 22, 1939, Pope Pius XII separated the cities of Washington and Baltimore, creating two archdioceses (Baltimore and Washington), under the oversight of one archbishop in persona episcopi. This process of separation was officially concluded on November 15, 1947, with the appointment of Washington's first residential archbishop. The Archdiocese of Washington became a metropolitan see on October 12, 1965, when the Diocese of Saint Thomas became its first (and, so far, only) suffragan see.
The list of bishops and their terms of service:
Archbishops of WashingtonEdit
- Michael Joseph Curley (1939–1947), concurrently the Archbishop of Baltimore
- Cardinal Patrick Aloysius O'Boyle (1947–1973)
- Cardinal William Wakefield Baum (1973–1980), appointed Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education and later Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary
- Cardinal James Aloysius Hickey (1980–2000)
- Theodore Edgar McCarrick (2000–2006)
- Cardinal Donald William Wuerl (2006–2018)
- John Michael McNamara (1947–1960)
- Patrick Joseph McCormick (1950–1953)
- Philip Matthew Hannan (1956–1965), appointed Archbishop of New Orleans
- William Joseph McDonald (1964–1967), appointed Auxiliary Bishop of San Francisco
- John Selby Spence (1964–1973)
- Edward John Herrmann (1966–1973), appointed Bishop of Columbus
- Thomas William Lyons (1974–1988)
- Eugene Antonio Marino S.S.J. (1974–1988), appointed Archbishop of Atlanta
- Thomas Cajetan Kelly O.P. (1977–1981), appointed Archbishop of Louisville
- Alvaro Corrada del Rio S.J. (1985–1997), appointed Apostolic Administrator of Caguas and later Bishop of Tyler and Bishop of Mayaguez
- William George Curlin (1988–1994), appointed Bishop of Charlotte
- Leonard James Olivier S.V.D. (1988–2004)
- William Edward Lori (1995–2001), appointed Bishop of Bridgeport and later Archbishop of Baltimore
- Kevin Joseph Farrell (2001–2007), appointed Bishop of Dallas and later Prefect of the Dicastery for the Laity, Family and Life (elevated to Cardinal in 2016)
- Francisco González Valer S.F. (2001–2014)
- Martin David Holley (2004–2016), appointed Bishop of Memphis
- Barry Christopher Knestout (2008–2018), appointed Bishop of Richmond
- Mario E. Dorsonville (2015–present)
- Roy Edward Campbell (2017–present)
- Michael William Fisher (2018–present)
Reports of Sexual AbuseEdit
On September 26, 2018, it was announced that the Archdiocese of Washington was now one of four American Catholic Dioceses under investigation by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops for reports of sex abuse. Accused former Cardinal and Washington Archbishop Theodore McCarrick had served in each Diocese. On October 15, 2018, the Archdiocese of Washington released the names of 31 clergy who served in the Archdiocese and were credibly accused of sexually abusing minors since 1948.
- Academy of the Holy Cross, Kensington, MD
- Archbishop Carroll High School, DC
- The Avalon School, Gaithersburg, MD
- Bishop McNamara High School, Forestville, MD
- Brookewood School, Kensington, MD
- Connelly School of the Holy Child, Potomac, MD
- DeMatha Catholic High School, Hyattsville, MD
- Don Bosco Cristo Rey High School, Takoma Park, MD
- Elizabeth Seton High School, Bladensburg, MD
- Georgetown Preparatory School, North Bethesda, MD
- Georgetown Visitation Preparatory School, DC
- Gonzaga College High School, DC
- The Heights School, Potomac, MD
- Our Lady of Good Counsel High School, Olney, MD
- St. Anselm's Abbey School, DC
- St. John's College High School, DC
- St. Mary's Ryken High School, Leonardtown, MD
- St. Vincent Pallotti High School, Laurel, MD
- Stone Ridge School of the Sacred Heart, Bethesda, MD
Colleges and universitiesEdit
- Mount Olivet Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
- Gate of Heaven Cemetery, Silver Spring, Maryland
- St. Mary's Queen of Peace Cemetery, Helen, Maryland
- Resurrection Cemetery, Clinton, Maryland
- All Souls Cemetery, Germantown, Maryland
Two former parish cemeteries are also operated by the archdiocese:
- St. John’s Cemetery, Forest Glen, Maryland
- St. Mary’s Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
Province of Washington, D.C.Edit
- Catholic Church in the United States
- Ecclesiastical Province of Washington
- Global organisation of the Catholic Church
- List of Roman Catholic archdioceses (by country and continent)
- List of Roman Catholic dioceses (alphabetical) (including archdioceses)
- List of Roman Catholic dioceses (structured view) (including archdioceses)
- List of the Catholic cathedrals of the United States
- List of the Catholic dioceses of the United States
- Mount St. Sepulchre Franciscan Monastery
- St. Mary's City, Maryland
- Archdiocese of Washington
- "Statistics". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington. December 6, 2016. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
- Although the archdiocese was created on July 29, 1939, it shared its first archbishop with the Archdiocese of Baltimore — Archbishop Curley — who continued to administer the two archdioceses as a single unit, until Washington's first residential archbishop was appointed on November 15, 1947. Most Rev. Michael J. Curley Archived February 21, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.. Archdiocese of Baltimore. Retrieved on November 19, 2016. Archbishops of the Modern Era Archived November 20, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.. Archdiocese of Baltimore. Retrieved on 2016-11-19.
- "About Us". The Catholic University of America. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
- About Us. Archdiocese of Washington. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
- "Prefect Apostolic". The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 12. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
- Parish Cemeteries from the official website of the Catholic Cemeteries of the Archdiocese of Washington
- History from the official website of the Catholic Cemeteries of the Archdiocese of Washington