The Archdiocese of Modena–Nonantola (Latin: Archidioecesis Mutinensis–Nonantulana) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Italy. It existed as the Diocese of Modena in central Italy from the 4th century. Originally it was a suffragan (subject to) the diocese of Milan, but later became a suffragan of Ravenna. Because of the schism of the Antipope Clement III, Pope Paschal II released Modena from obedience to the church of Ravenna, but Pope Gelasius II restored the previous status. Modena continued as a suffragan of Ravenna until 1582, when the Archdiocese of Bologna was created by Pope Sixtus V in the Bull Universi orbis of 1 December 1582, and was assigned Modena as one of its suffragans.
Archdiocese of Modena–Nonantola
|Area||2,089 km2 (807 sq mi)|
- Catholics (including non-members)
|(as of 2016)|
478,350 (est.) (84.5%)
|Cathedral||Basilica Cattedrale di S. Maria Assunta|
|Co-cathedral||Basilica Abbaziale di San Silvestro I Papa|
|Secular priests||167 (diocesan)|
52 (Religious Orders)
79 Permanent Deacons
In 1820 the diocese of Modena incorporated the territory of Nonantola Abbey. Modena was raised to the status of an archdiocese and its bishop to the status of a Metropolitan Archbishop by Pope Pius IX in his bull of 22 August 1855, entitled Vel ab antiquis. The archdiocese took the current form of its name in 1986. Its suffragans are the Diocese of Carpi, Diocese of Fidenza, Diocese of Parma, Diocese of Piacenza-Bobbio, and Diocese of Reggio Emilia–Guastalla.
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On 7 July 1148, in a synod held at Cremona, Pope Eugene III condemned the city of Modena and divided its territory among four neighboring bishoprics, so that the bishop of Modena was left being a bishop nullius dioecesis. It is known, from a decree of 8 April 1149, that he assigned ten parishes of Modena to the diocese of Reggio. Concerning the restitution of the diocese, perhaps by Pope Eugenius, perhaps by Pope Adrian IV, there is no information. Cardinal Hildebrandus Crassus was named Rector et Procurator Ecclesiae Mutinensis, and he subscribed documents with that title from 1150 up until 1155. Disruptions, however, continued for generations. In 1231 Pope Gregory IX had to order the monastery of S. Peter in Modena to submit to the rule of the bishop of Modena, rejecting their argument that Pope Eugene's release from subjection to the bishop had had a permanent effect, and that the monstery was still in 1231 immediately subject to the Holy See (Papacy).
During the episcopacy of Bishop Giovanni Morone (1529–1550; 1564–1571), both the Jesuit Order and the Capuchin Order were introduced into the diocese of Modena. In 1535 he served as papal Nuncio to the King of France, and, from 1536 to 1542, with brief interruptions, Morone was papal Nuntius to the King of Bohemia, Ferdinand, King of the Romans. At the end of 1540, he wrote to Cardinal Farnese, expressing his anxiety about the diocese of Modena, which he considered to be worse than Prague in terms of dubious religious discussions. For his diplomatic work, he received the red hat of the cardinalate on 2 June 1542. On 16 October he was named Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church. He was then appointed one of the presidents of the Council of Trent, which his work in Germany did much to make possible.
In 1796, Modena and Nonantola became part of the empire of the French Republic, expanding under the military leadership of General Napoleon Bonaparte. The monastery and the diocese of Nonantola were suppressed.
On 11 December 1821, Pope Pius VII confirmed in the bull Sacrorum canonum the rearrangements of the dioceses in the Duchy of Modena which had been worked out by the Sacred Consistorial Congregation. These adjustments had been made necessary by the intrusive enactments made by the occupying French governments of the Cisalpine Republic and the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy. Modena, which had been made a suffragan of Milan, was returned to the ecclesiastical province of Bologna, and its acquisition of the territorial Abbey of Nantola was confirmed.
Cathedral and ChapterEdit
The fabric of the cathedral was erected during the 11th century. The high altar, dedicated to S. Geminianus, was consecrated by Pope Paschal II, in the presence of Countess Matilda of Tuscany, on 8 October 1106. The remains of S. Geminianus had already been transferred to the new basilica in a ceremony presided over by the Pope and the Countess on 30 April 1106.
In 1184, Pope Lucius III visited Modena, accompanied by ten cardinals, the Archbishops of Ravenna and Lyons, and the Bishops of Reggio and Bologna. On 12 July 1184, he presided over the consecration of the newly refurbished Cathedral.
Canons were already in existence at Modena by 892. A document of the Emperor Guido (891–894), dated November 892, speaks of granting Bishop Leudoinus powers for building ramparts ad muniendam ipsam sanctam Ecclesiam suamque constitutam Canonicam.
Bishop Varinus (c. 1003 – after 1120) had been Primicerius of the Cathedral Chapter before being elected bishop. Bishop Martinus (1207–1221) had been Provost of the Cathedral Chapter when he was elected bishop. Bishop Alberto Boschetti (1234–1264) had been Magister scholae (cantorum) when elected bishop. Bonincontro da Floriano (1313 ? – 1318) had been Archpriest of the Cathedral when elected.
On 9 May 1177, Pope Alexander III ratified the agreement reached by the Chapter, that they would not have more than fourteen Canons. On 30 May 1177, Pope Alexander ratified another decision of the Chapter, not to allow Canons who lived outside the Canonicate to hold prebends. In 1679, the Cathedral Chapter was composed of nine dignities and twelve Canons. In 1745 there were twelve dignities and twelve Canons. From 1855, the Chapter has been composed of one dignity, the Archpriest, and twelve Canons.
A diocesan synod was an irregular but important meeting of the bishop of a diocese and his clergy. Its purpose was (1) to proclaim generally the various decrees already issued by the bishop; (2) to discuss and ratify measures on which the bishop chose to consult with his clergy; (3) to publish statutes and decrees of the diocesan synod, of the provincial synod, and of the Holy See.
Bishop Guido de Baisio (1318–1334) held a diocesan synod on 5–6 May 1320.
Bishop Nicolò Sandonnini (1465–1479) held a diocesan synod in Modena in 1479.
During the episcopate of Cardinal Ercole Rangoni (1520–1527), a synod was held by his Vicar General, Giandomenico Sigibaldi in 1521. A diocesan synod was held in Modena on 4–5 September 1565 during the Administratorship of Cardinal Giovanni Morone (1564–1571), in accordance with the decrees of the Council of Trent. Morone was particularly eager to have the laity attend the synod, so that they could be better informed about the decrees of the Council. The Constitutions of the synod of Modena were also published. Bishop Sisto Visdomini (1571–1590) presided over a diocesan synod on 23 September 1572, and again on 25 October 1575. A synod was held by Bishop Gaspare Sillingardi (1593–1607) on 15 June 1594.
Bishop Pellegrino Bertacchi (1610–1627) presided over a diocesan synod held in Modena on 23 May 1612. He also held synods on 21 May 1615, in 1617 and in 1624. His immediate successor, Bishop Alessandro Rangoni (1628–1640) held diocesan synods on 5–6 November 1631, and his second on 12–14 October 1637. Bishop Roberto Fontana (1646–1654) held his first diocesan synod on 25 May 1647. On 4–6 June 1659, Bishop Ettore Molza (1655–1679) held his first diocesan synod. His second synod was held on 14–16 November 1675. Bishop Carlo Molza (1679–1690) presided over a synod in 1687.
There were synods in 1726 and 1739 under Bishop Stefano Fogliani (1717–1742).
A synod of the independent territorial abbey of Nonantola was held at Nonantola on 8 September 1688, under the authority of Cardinal Giacomo de Angelis.
Diocese of ModenaEdit
Metropolitan: Archbishop of Ravenna (to 1583)
- [Cletus (circa 270)]
- [Geminianus (390)]
- Theodulus (circa 398)
- [Geminianus (420)]
- Gregorius (attested 482)
- Bassianus (Bassus, Cassianus) (501)
- Pietro (679)
- Martino (circa 693)
- Giovanni (744)
- Lupicino (749)
- Geminiano (by 752 – 791)
- Gisio (c. 796–811)
- Diodato (Deusdedit) (818–840? died)
- Jonas (attested 841, 850)
- Hernidus (attested 861)
- Walpertus (attested 864, 865, 869)
- Leudoinus (871–893)
- Giovanni (898)
- Gamenolfo (898–902)
- Gotifredus (attested 902–923)
- Ardingo (after 933? – 943)
- Guido (944–?)
- Hildebrandus (969–993)
- Giovanni (993–c. 1001)
from 1000 to 1400Edit
- Varinus (c. 1003 – after 1120)
- Ingo (1023–1038)
- Wibertus (Guiberto, Viberto, Uberto) (1039–1054)
- Eriberto (Umberto, Erberto, Ariberto) (1054–1085) deposed
- Benedetto (1085–1097 died)
- Egidio (1097)
- Dodone (1100–1136 died)
- Ribaldo (1136–1148)
- Cardinal Hildebrandus Crassus (c 1150 – c. 1155)
- Rector et Procurator Ecclesiae Mutinensis
- Enrico (1157–c. 1173)
- Ugo (1174–c. 1179)
- Ardicio (1179–1194)
- Egidio Garzoni (1195–1207}
- Martinus (1207–1221)
- Guglielmo di Savoia, O. Cart. (1222–1233)
- Alberto Boschetti (1234–1264)
- Matteo de' Pii (1264–1276)
- Sede vacante (1276–1281)
- Ardizio Conti (1281–1287)
- Filippo Boschetti, O.F.M. (1287–1290 died)
- Jacopo (1290 – May 26, 1311 died)
- Bonadamus Boschetti (1311–1313)
- Bonincontro da Floriano (1313 ? – 1318)
- Guido de Guiscis (Baisio) (1318–1334)
- Rolando (Orlando) (1329–1330 deposed) (schismatic)
- Bonifazio (1337–1340)
- Sede vacante (1340–1342)
- Sede vacante (1377–1380)
from 1400 to 1823Edit
- Nicolò Bojardi (Boiardo) (1401–1414)
- Carlo Bojardi (Boiardo) (1414–1436)
- Scipione Manenti (1436–1444)
- Giacomo Antonio della Torre (1444–1463)
- Delfino della Pergola (1463–1465)
- Nicolò Sandonnini (1465–1479)
- Gian Andrea Bocciazzi (1479–1495)
- Giovanni Battista Ferrari (1495–1502)
- Francesco Ferrari (1502–1507)
- Cardinal Ippolito d'Este (1507–1520) Administrator
- Cardinal Ercole Rangoni (1520–1527) Bishop-elect
- Cardinal Pirro Gonzaga (1527–1528) Bishop-elect
- Giovanni Gerolamo Morone (1529–1550) resigned
- Egidio Foscarari, O.P. (1550–1564)
- Giovanni Gerolamo Morone (1564–1571) (resigned)
- Sisto Visdomini, O.P. (1571–1590)
- Cardinal Giulio Canani (1591–1592)
- Gaspare Silingardi (1593–1607)
- Lazaro Pellizzari, O.P. (1607–1610)
- Pellegrino Bertacchi (1610–1627)
- Alessandro Rangoni (1628–1640)
- Opizo d'Este (1640–1644)
- Roberto Fontana (1645–1654)
- Ettore Molza (1655–1679)
- Carlo Molza, O.S.B. (1679–1690)
- Ludovico Masdoni (1691–1716)
- Stefano Fogliani (1717–1742)
- Ettore Molza (1743–1745)
- Giuliano Sabbatini, Sch.P. (1745–1757)
- Giuseppe Maria Fogliani (1757–1783)
- Tiburzio Cortese (1786–1823)
Diocese of Modena e NonantolaEdit
United: 15 December 1820 with the Territorial Abbey of Nonantola
Latin Name: Mutinensis et Nonantulana
- Giuseppe Emilio Sommariva (1824–1829)
- Adeodato Antonio Giovanni Luigi Caleffi, O.S.B. (1830–1837)
- Luigi Reggianini (1838–1847)
- Luigi Ferrari (1848–1851)
- Francesco Emilio Cugini (1852–1872)
Archdiocese of Modena e NonantolaEdit
Elevated: 22 August 1855
- Giuseppe Maria delli Guidelli Guidi (6 May 1872 – 1889 died)
- Carlo Maria Borgognini (1889 – 1900 died)
- Natale Bruni (17 December 1900 – 14 April 1926 died)
- Giuseppe Antonio Ferdinando Bussolari, O.F.M.Cap. (7 May 1926 – 1939 died)
- Cesare Boccoleri (28 March 1940 – 31 October 1956 died)
- Giuseppe Amici (23 December 1956 – 1976 retired)
- Bruno Foresti (1976–1983)
- Santo Bartolomeo Quadri (3 September 1983 – 12 April 1996 retired)
Archdiocese of Modena-NonantolaEdit
Name Changed: 30 September 1986
Notes and referencesEdit
- Vedriani, p. 13. Ughelli, p. 75, points out that there is no reference to a bishop or a diocese before 339. Lanzoni, p. 791.
- Kehr, p. 299.
- The suffragans of Bologna were: Piacenza, Parma, Reggio, Modena, Imola, Cervia, and Crema. Kehr, Italia pontificia V, p. 299. Bullarum diplomatum et privilegiorum sanctorum Romanorum pontificum Taurinensis editio (in Latin). Vol. Tomus octavus (8). Turin: Franco et Dalmazzo. 1863. pp. 401–404, § 4.
- Cappelletti, pp. 298-308.
- Cheney, David M. "Archdiocese of Modena-Nonantola". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved June 16, 2018. [self-published]
- Chow, Gabriel. "Metropolitan Archdiocese of Modena–Nonantola (Italy)". GCatholic.org. Retrieved June 16, 2018. [self-published]
- Tiraboschi, Memorie III, p. 21.
- Tiraboschi, Storia...di Nonantola (1784), p. 40. Cappelletti, p. 260. Klaus Ganzer. Die Entwicklung des auswärtigen Kardinalats im hohen Mittelalter (Tübingen 1963), p. 101. Barbara Zenker, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130 bis 1159 (Würzburg 1964), pp. 107-108. Kehr, pp. 304-305, nos. 15-18.
- Tiraboschi, Memorie III, p. 182; IV, pp. 105-106.
- Ughelli, p. 136. Ludwig Pastor, The history of the popes : from the close of the Middle Ages Volume XI (London: Kegan Paul 1912) pp. 206-207.
- Adam P. Robinson (2016). The Career of Cardinal Giovanni Morone (1509–1580): Between Council and Inquisition. New York: Routledge. p. 32. ISBN 978-1-317-03937-2.
- Eubel, III, p. 27 no. 40.
- Abbazia di Nonantola, Basilica abbaziale, L' abbazia nei secoli: cronologia essenziale, retrieved: 5 November 2018.
- Pope Pius 7 (1853). Bullarii Romani continuatio (in Latin). Vol. Tomus decimus quintus continens pontificatus Pii VII. annum decimum nonum ad vicesimum quartum. pp. 462–465, § 3.
- Ughelli, II, p. 116. Cappelletti, p. 251. Kehr, V, p. 310, no. 1.
- Cappelletti, pp. 260-262.
- '... for fortifying the Cathedral itself and its Canonica'. Tiraboschi, Memorie ... Modenesi III, Codex diplomaticus, pp. 66-68. Boschi, p. 92.
- Borghi, p. 97-98.
- Tiraboschi, Memorie III, Codice diplomatico, p. 70, no. 483. Kehr, p. 310, nos. 6, 7. Cappelletti, p. 318, interprets the words extra morantium, nisi forte in scolis fuerit to mean 'residing outside the city'.
- Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica V, p. 277 note 1; VI, p. 298 note 1.
- Cappelletti, p. 313.
- Sillingardi, p. 110.
- Tiraboschi, Storia... Nonantola I, p. 50.
- Giuseppe Russo, "Il primo Sinodo modenese dopo il Concilio di Trento," Atti e memorie della deputatione di storia patria per le antiche provincie modenese 10 (1968), pp. 117-124.
- Constitutiones in Synodo Mutinensi sub illustriss. et reuerendiss. ... D. Ioanne miseratione diuina episcopo Portuensi, sanctaeque Romanae ecclesiae cardinale Morono nuncupato, & ecclesiae Mutinensis perpetuo administratore, editae, & publicatae (in Latin). Modena: haeredes Cornelij Gadaldini. 1565.
- Sixtus Visdomini (1572). Constitutiones editae in dioecesana Synodo Mutinensi anno 1572 (in Latin). Modena: Paulus Gadaldinus.
- Sixtus Visdomini (1575). Constitutiones in dioecesana Synodo Mutinensi editae et evalgatae anno 1575 die Octobris 25 (in Latin). Modena: Paulus Gadaldinus.
- Constitutiones Synodi Mutinensis a per illustri, et reuerendis. D. domino Gaspare Sillingardo Dei, et apostolicae sedis gratia episcopo Mutinensi, habitae in Ecclesia Cathedrali sub die 15. mensis Iunij. 1594 (in Latin). Modena: apud Franciscum Gadaldinum typographum episcopalem. 1594.
- Pellegrino Bertacchi (1612). Constitutiones et decreta... Pellegrini Bertacchii... Mutinen, episcopi in dioecesana synodo habita de anno 1612 die XXIII Maii edita ac promulgata... (in Latin). Modena: apud J. Cassianum.
- Pellegrino Bertacchi (1624). Constitutiones et decreta in dioecesana synodo Mutinen. habita de anno 1615-1617, 1624 ab... Peregrino Bertacchio Mutinae episcopo condita et promulgata... (in Latin). Modena: apud J. Cassianum.
- Constitutiones et decreta in diocesana synodo Mutinae, habita anno 1631, die 5 & 6 novembris, iterum ab ilustrissimo & reverendissimo praesule d.d. Alexandro Rangoso, Mutinae episcopo, promulgata anno M.DC.XXXII, mense novembri (Mutine, ex typographia Iuliani Cassiani 1632).
- Constitutiones et Decreta in secunda dioec. synodo Mutin. an. 1637 ah Alex. Rangono Ep. promulgata (Mutinae: Iulianus Cassianus 1637).
- Roberto Fontana (1647). Synodus Dioecesana Mutinensis, a Roberto Fontana, Episcopo Mutinae, habita anno 1647 (in Latin). Modena: Julianus Cassianus.
- Constitvtiones in prima dioecesana synodo decretae die 4, 5, 6 iunij 1659, ab illustrissimo et reverendissimo d.d. Co. Hectore Molza episcopo Mutinen. (Modena: Andrea Cassiani 1660). (in Latin)
- Constitutiones in secunda dioecesana synodo decretae, die 14, 15, 16 novembr. 1675 ab illustriss.mo et reverendiss.mo d. d. Co. Hectore Molza episcopo mutinen., (Mutinae, ex typographia Andreae Cassiani, 1676) (in Latin)
- Atti del Convegno internazionale di studi muratoriani, Modena, 1972 (in Italian). Rome: L.S. Olschki. 1975. pp. 91, 236.
- Giacomo de Angelis (1691). Synodus dioecesana augustae abbatiae S. Syluestri de Nonantula nullo medio s. sedis apostolicae subiecta ab eminentiss. et reuerendiss. domino Iacobo ... cardinali de Angelis ... celebrata in cathedrali ecclesia S. Syluestri die 8. septembris 1688 (in Latin). typis Petri-mariae de Montibus.
- Kehr, V, p. 299.
- Cletus is first inserted into the list of Bishops of Modena by Ughelli, II, p. 75, who names him as a follower of Dionysius the Areopagite and assigns him a date of 103 AD; he states that he finds no other bishop until 339. Lanzoni, p. 791, notes that Ughelli does so without any source reference, and he rejects Ughelli's claim.
- Gams, pp. 757-758. Ughelli, pp. 76-82, quotes the entire Modena legend of the saint.
- Coleti, in Ughelli, p. 82, introduces the second Geminianus as a contemporary of Attila the Hun. Gams, pp. 757-758. Lanzoni, p. 792, points out that three Geminiani are created to explain the widely differing dates assigned to the one and only Geminianus of Modena.
- Gams, pp. 757-758.
- Bishop Gregory was consecrated a bishop against his will by Archbishop Joannes I of Ravenna. Lanzoni, p. 793, no. 4. This brought the Archbishop a sharp rebuke from Pope Simplicius. Ughelli, p. 82 (with the wrong date). Kehr, V, p. 301 no. 1.
- Geminianus was already in office on 18 September 752. He died in July 791. Gams, p. 758.
- Ughelli, p. 97.
- Gualperto: Ludovico Antonio Muratori (1751). Dissertazioni sopra le antichita italiane (in Italian). Vol. I. Giambatista Pasquali. pp. 283–284. Walpertus is not known to Ughelli.
- In November 878, Pope John VIII, who was at Turin, wrote to Bishop Liudoinus and others, summoning them to a synod which he was going to hold at Pavia on 2 December. Kehr, pp. 301-302, no. 3. Gams, p. 758 column 1.
- Bishop Gothifredus was granted privileges by King Berengarius of Italy on 7 August 902. In 903 the Hungarians invaded Emilia and Lombardy, and devastated Modena. On 14 June 904, Berengarius granted Bishop Gothifredus funds to rebuild Modena and erect a castle to protect it. He is mentioned in the archives of the Chapter in 923. Ughelli, pp. 101-103. Cappelletti, p. 204. Gams, p. 758 column 1 (who gives the dates 902–933).
- Ardingus died on 29 January 943. Tiraboschi (1784) I, pp. 36-37.
- Tiraboschi (1784) I, p. 37, notes that the earliest document is dated 20 March 970, and the latest is dated May 993. In a document dated 8 August 983, Bishop Hildeprandus remarked that he was in his 14th year as bishop. Ughelli, pp. 105-106. Cappelletti, p. 243.
- Joannes had been Archdeacon of Parma. His earliest document as Bishop of Modena is dated June 994. His latest is dated 1 February 1001. Tiraboschi (1784) I, p. 37. Cappelletti, p. 243.
- Varinus is first mentioned in a document dated 18 April 1003. Tiraboschi Storia...Nonantola, p. 37. Ughelli, pp. 109-110. Gams, p. 758.
- Bishop Ingo's earliest document is dated January 1024. A document signed by him on 24 April 1025 mentions that he was in his second year as bishop. He was the recipient of a grant from the Emperor Conrad on 26 March 1039 (or 1038). Ughelli, pp. 112-115. Tiraboschi, p. 38. Gams, p. 758.
- Wibertus was present at the Synod of Pavia on 25 October 1046. Pope Leo IX (1049–1054) wrote to Bishop Wibertus, ordering him to be present at the consecration of the new church of Padilironensis in Mantua. Ughelli, p. 115. Gams, p. 758. Kehr, p. 302, no. 4.
- Herebertus supported the antipope Clement III (Wibertus of Ravenna) and Henry IV against Pope Gregory VII, and was present at Clement's coronation in 1083. He was deposed, and died in 1084. Ughelli, pp. 115-116. Gams, p. 758.
- Ribaldus: Ughelli, p. 118. Gams assigns the dates 1136–1148 to his term of office, following Tiraboschi (p. 40), who followed Gaspar Sillingardi (1606).
- Cardinal Hildebrandus established a chapel dedicated to S. Dalmatius in the Cathedral, while he governed Modena (cum regimen Episcopatus Mutinensis habebat. Kehr, p. 312 no. 16.
- Henricus was elected in 1156, and consecrated in 1157. He was present at the assembly of 1158 of Pope Adrian IV at Cremona. Ughelli, p. 119. Gams, p. 758 column 1.
- Ughelli, p. 119, states that he died in 1178. Gams, p. 758, says that he died c. 1179.
- Ardicio (Arditius) was present at the Third Lateran Council of 1179. In 1191 he subscribed a charter of the Emperor Henry VI. He died on 3 December 1194. Ughelli, p. 119. Cappelletti, XV, p. 276. Gams, p. 758 column 1.
- Egidio was named Bishop of Modena in 1195. Bishop Egidio was transferred to the diocese of Ravenna by Pope Innocent III in 1207. Ughelli, pp. 119-120. Cappelletti, XV, p. 276. Gams, p. 718. Eubel, Hierarchia catholica I, pp. 353, 415.
- In 1220 the Emperor Frederick II took the Bishop and diocese of Modena under his protection. Martinus died on 18 September 1221. Ughelli, p. 120. Gams, p. 758 column 1. Eubel, I, 353.
- Following the death of Bishop Martin, there was a contested election, which was referred to the pope for adjudication. Guglielmo (sometimes referred to as Guglielmo di Modena) had been the Vice-Chancellor of Pope Honorius III, was appointed Bishop of Modena and consecrated by the Pope in May 1222. In 1227, Bishop Guglielmo and the Bishop of Bologna engaged in a struggle over several towns and an aqueduct which both coveted. He was sent as Papal Legate to Prussia and Livonia. He resigned the diocese of Modena on 21 September 1233. He was named a cardinal by Pope Innocent IV on 28 May 1244, and was appointed suburbicarian Bishop of Sabina. He died on 31 March 1251. Ughelli, p. 120-123. Cappelletti, pp. 277-278. Gams, p. 758 column 1. Eubel, I, pp. 7 no 2; 353.
- Boschetti was elected on 3 April 1234, and was consecrated on 13 June. He died on 29 February 1264. Ughelli, pp. 123-125. Cappelletti, pp. 278-279. Gams, p. 758 column 2. Eubel, p. 353.
- Matteo had been a Canon of the Cathedral, and was Provost of the Collegiate Church of S. Giorgio di Sanazelo. Bishop Matteo died on 7 November 1276, according to Ughelli, p. 125. Cappelletti, p. 279. Eubel, I, p. 353.
- There was another contested election following the death of Bishop Matteo. The matter was finally referred to the pope, and was decided by Martin IV on 23 December 1281. Cappelletti, p. 279. Pope Martin IV (1901). François Olivier-Martin (ed.). Les registres de Martin IV recueil des bulles de ce pape (in Latin). Paris: Fontemoing. pp. 44, no. 118.
- Arditius was provided (appointed) by Pope Martin IV on 23 December 1281. He died in 1287. Eubel, I, p. 353.
- Boschetti had been a Canon of the Cathedral Chapter when he was elected bishop on 3 June 1311. He was at the Council of Vienne under Pope Clement V. In his absence there was a revolution which brought the Ghibellines to power in Modena, which caused the Pope to strip the city of its privileges. Bishop Bonadamus died on 24 January 1313. Ughelli, p. 129. Eubel, I, p. 353.
- Eubel says Bonincontro was elected on 4 February 1313, while Ughelli says the election took place in 1315. He had served as Procurator of the Cathedral Chapter during the Sede vacante. He died on 19 January 1318. Ughelli, p. 129. Eubel, I, p. 353.
- Following the death of Bishop Bonincontro, the meeting of the Chapter to elect his successor began on 1 March 1318. Two elections took place, one of Mattheus de Gorzano, the Prior of S. Jacobo de Columbario, the other of the Archdeacon of Reggio, Guido de Guiscis, who was the nephew of the Archdeacon of Bologna. Guido immediately seized the Episcopal Palace and notified Matthew that he had been elected bishop. Guido's election was eventually approved by Pope John XXII on 9 September 1318. Bishop Guido was driven out of Modena in 1329 by an uprising of Ghibellines in favor of Louis of Bavaria. His seat was usurped by 'Bishop Rolando'; Bishop Guido spent his exile in Bologna. Pope John named him Administrator of the Church of S. Giorgio near Ferrara. Bishop Guido was canonically transferred to the diocese of Concordia by Pope John XXII on 16 September 1334. He died on 17 June 1347. Sillingardi, p. 110. Cappelletti, p. 282. Eubel, I, pp. 201, 353.
- Bonifacius was a Doctor of Canon Law, and had been a Canon of Vicenza. He was in minor orders when appointed Bishop of Modena by Pope Benedict IX on 10 May 1336. He was transferred to the diocese of Como on 7 November 1340. He died in 1351. Eubel, I, pp. 217, 353.
- Alamannus was a member of the noble Donati family of Florence. He had previously been Bishop of Soano (1330–1342). He was appointed bishop of Modena on 18 July 1342. He died on 4 June 1352. Ughelli, pp. 129-130. Cappelletti, pp. 283-284. Eubel, I, pp. 353, 466.
- Aldobrandino was the son of Marquis Raynaldus III d'Este. He had previously been Bishop of Adria (1348–1352), having been appointed at the age of 23, when he was still in minor orders. He was named Bishop of Modena on 18 January 1352 by Pope Innocent VI. He was transferred to Ferrara in 1377, and died there on 31 October 1381, according to his tombstone. B. Ricci, Di Aldobrandino d'Este vescovo di Modena e Ferrara e di un frammento di sue visite pastorali Modena, tip. Vincenzi, 1904 (Estratto dagli «Atti e Memorie della R. Deputazione di Storia patria per le provincie modenesi »., Serie V, Vol. 3, vol. 4). Ughelli, p. 130. Cappelletti, p. 284. Eubel, I, pp. 71, 353 (who does not register his bishopric of Ferrara).
- Guido held the degree of Doctor in utroque iure, and had been a Canon of Modena and Papal Chaplain. He was named Bishop of Concordia by Pope Innocent VI on 15 February 1361. He was transferred to the diocese of Modena on 10 October 1380. He was named Bishop of Ferrara (in 1383 ?). Ughelli, p. 130. Cappelletti, p. 284 (who does not mention the appointment to Ferrara and states that Guido died in 1382). Eubel, I, pp. 71, 248, 353.
- A native of Ferrara, Pietro Bojardo was appointed Bishop of Modena in 1400. Sillingardi gives the date of the last day of February. Tiraboschi, Memorie IV, p. 71, cites a document from the Capitular archive that names Pietro as bishop-elect on 15 May 1400. He was transferred to the diocese of Ferrara Archbishop of Ferrara on 24 January 1401, following the disgrace of the Roberti family at the hands of Duke Niccolò III. Sillingardi, p. 118. Tiraboschi, Memorie III, p. 74, 207. Eubel, I, pp. 248, 353.
- Niccolò Bojardi was a relative of Bishop Pietro Bojardi, in another branch of the family. He died in 1414
- Carlo Bojardi was the nephew of Bishop Niccolò Bojardi. He was appointed by Pope John XXIII on 30 April 1414. He resigned his bishopric in 1431, though he was present at the Council of Florence in 1438 and 1439, subscribing as Carolus olim Mutinensis episcopus. J.D.Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Supplementum ad Tomum XXXI (reprint Paris: Hubertus Welter 1901), p. 1699. Tiraboschi, Memorie IV, p. 72. Eubel, I, p. 353, with note 7; II, p. 197.
- Eubel, Konrad (1914). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentioris aevi. Vol. II (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. pp. 197–198. (in Latin)
- Giacomo (or Giacopo) Della Torre, a Doctor of Medicine, had previously been Bishop of Reggio Emilia (1439–1444). He was appointed Bishop of Modena on 19 October 1444 by Pope Eugene IV. Bishop della Torre was transferred to the diocese of Parma on 24 September 1463. Ughelli, p. 132. Cappelletti, p. 285. Eubel, II, pp. 197, 213, 222.
- Sandonnini had been Archpriest of the Cathedral Chapter of Ferrara. He was appointed Bishop of Modena on 7 June 1465. He was transferred to the diocese of Lucca on 15 September 1479. He died in June 1499. Cappelletti, p. 285. Eubel, II, pp. 180, 197.
- Cardinal d'Este, son of the duke of Ferrara, had never been consecrated a bishop. He died in Ferrara on 3 September 1520. Eubel, III, pp. 5 no. 20; 252.
- Rangoni's family were natives of Modena, and he was educated there. When Cardinal Giovanni de' Medici, later Pope Leo X, became a prisoner of the French, the Rangoni assisted in his escape and return to Florence. A Protonotary Apostolic, Ercole was named a cardinal at the age of 26 on 1 July 1517 by Pope Leo X, and was appointed Bishop Adria on 15 June 1519. He was then transferred to Modena on 12 September 1520. He was not resident, however, and administered the diocese through his Vicar General, Giandomenico Sigibaldi, who presided at a synod on 12 June 1521. Rangoni died in Rome during the siege of the Castel S. Angelo, on 25 August 1527. Ughelli, p. 135. Cappelletti, p. 286. Eubel, III, pp. 17 no. 36; 95, 252.
- Gonzaga was appointed Bishop of Modena in the Consistory of 5 September 1527 by Pope Clement VII, and was appointed a cardinal on 21 November. He was represented as being 25 years of age, whereas he was only 20. He was denied entry into his diocese by Duke Alfonso d'Este of Ferrara. He was never consecrated a bishop either, and thus was neither Bishop of Modena nor Administrator. He died on 22 or 28 January 1529. Eubel, III, pp. 20 no. 12; 252 with note 3 and note 4.
- In 1546 he was appointed Master of the Sacred Palace (official papal theologian) by Pope Paul III, and was one of the examiners of the Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius Loyola. He was appointed Bishop of Modena on 23 May 1550 by Pope Paul, by arrangement with Cardinal Morone. He attended the sessions of the Council of Trent in 1551 and 1552. Arrested by the Roman Inquisition in January 1558, he spent seven months in the Castel S. Angelo, only to be completely exonerated on 1 January 1560, after the death of Pope Paul IV. He again attended the Council of Trent in 1562 and 1563. He died in Rome on 23 December 1564, according to his tombstone in Santa Maria sopra Minerva. Josephus Catalano (1751). De Magistro Sacri Palatii apostolici (in Latin). Rome: Antonio Fulgoni. pp. 118–125. Eubel, III, p. 252 with note 6 (giving the wrong date of death). Simona Feci, "Foscarari, Egidio", in Dizionario biografico degli italiani, XLIX, Roma 1997.
- In accordance with the agreement in which Moroni resigned in favor of Bishop Foscarari, he resumed the bishopric on Foscarari's death. The readeption took place on 23 December 1564. He resigned a second time, in favor of Fr. Sisto Vicedomini. Cappelletti, p. 287.
- Fr. Sisto was a native of Como, and a member of the aristocratic family of the Vicedomini. His tombstone indicates that he was a particular friend of Cardinal Morone, who arranged to resign the diocese of Modena in his favor (ad Episc. Mutinen. dilect. Io. Moroni sapientiss. Card. evecto), an agreement ratified by Pope Pius V on 16 November 1571. He introduced the Order of the Minims into the diocese of Modena. He died on 27 November 1590. Sillingardi, pp. 143-144. Ughelli, pp. 137-138. Cappelletti, p. 287. Eubel, III, p. 252.
- Canani, who had been private secretary to Pope Julius III, was appointed Bishop of Modena in the Consistory of 8 February 1591. He visited Modena for two months in 1592, but as he was returning to Ferrara, he fell ill of a fever. He died on 27 November 1592, in his seventieth year; he was buried in the sacristy of the church of S. Domenico in Ferrara. Sillingardi, p. 145. Ughelli, p. 138. Eubel III, p. 252.
- Silingardi had been a Canon of the Cathedral of Modena. He served as Vicar General of Bishop Paolo Burali of Piacenza (1568-1570), and then of Archbishop Cristoforo Boncompagni of Ravenna. He was appointed Bishop of Ripatransona in 1582. He was appointed Bishop of Modena on 19 February 1593. He died on 13 July 1607. Borghi, p. 98. Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p. 250 with note 2. Gasparo Silingardi (2002). Bertrand Haan (ed.). Correspondance du nonce en France Gasparo Silingardi, évêque de Modène: avec le cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini : 1599-1601 (in French, Italian, and Latin). Rome-Paris: École Française de Rome. ISBN 978-2-7283-0603-9.
- A native of Fiorenzuolo in the diocese of Piacenza, Pellizzari had previously been Theologian to the Dukes of Modena and Bishop of Nusco in south Italy (1602–1607). He was transferred to the diocese of Modena by Pope Paul V on 1 October 1607. He died in 1610. Ughelli, p. 139. Gauchat, IV, p. 250 with note 3; p. 263 with note 3.
- Bertacchi had been secretary of Cardinal Alfonso Gesualdo, and was the Archpriest of the Cathedral of Modena. He was appointed bishop on 22 March 1610. He twice, in 1614 and 1622, served as ambassador of the Duke of Modena to the King of Spain. He died, according to his tombstone, on 22 August 1627. Tiraboschi, Biblioteca Modenese I, p. 251-252. Cappelletti, pp. 288-289. Gauchat, IV, p. 250 with note 4. Antonio Vaccaro (2013). Carlo Gesualdo Principe di Venosa: L'uomo e i tempi (in Italian) (electronic (of 1982 ed.). Venosa: Osanna Edizioni. p. 136. ISBN 978-88-8167-385-8.
- Rangoni was the nephew of Bishop Carlo Rangoni of Reggio. He was appointed a Referendary of the Tribunal of the Two Signatures by Pope Urban VIII. In 1623 he was appointed governor of Forlì. He was appointed Bishop of Modena in the Consistory of 28 February 1628 by Pope Urban VIII. He died in April 1640. Ughelli, p. 139. Gerolamo Boccardo, ed. (1885). Nuova enciclopedia italiana (in Italian). Vol. XVIII (sesta ed.). Torino: Unione tipografico-editrice torinese. p. 1164. Gauchat, IV, p. 250 with note 5.
- Este was the son of Duke Alfonso III d'Este of Modena, and brother of Cardinal Rinaldo d'Este. He was appointed Bishop of Modena on 19 November 1640. He died in August 1644. Ughelli, p. 140. Cappelletti, p. 289. Gauchat, IV, p. 250 with note 6.
- Fontana was appointed Bishop of Modena on 12 June 1645 by Pope Innocent X. He died on 16 August 1654. Cappelletti, p. 289. Gauchat, IV, p. 250 with note 7.
- Formerly Archpriest of the Cathedral, Ettore Molza was appointed bishop on 2 August 1655, and took his oath to the Holy See on 4 August. He was consecrated a bishop in Rome, on 8 August, by Cardinal Francesco Barberini, seniore. He died on 11 May 1679. Cappelletti, p. 289. Gauchat, IV, p. 250 with note 8.
- Carlo Molza was a native of Modena, and had been Abbot of the monastery of S. Simpliciano in Milan. He was approximately 64 years old when appointed Bishop of Modena by Pope Clement X on 27 November 1679. He died on 24 December 1690. Cappelletti, p. 290 (who quotes his tombstone, which states that Molza died on 24 September 1679). Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 277 with note 3.
- Masdoni was born in a place called Finalis (Modena) of noble parents in 1635. He obtained the degree of Doctor in utroque iure from the University of Reggio in 1688, and the position of Canon in the Cathedral of Reggio. He became a Referendary of the Two Signatures. He was appointed civil governor of Reate in 1689. Pope Innocent XII appointed him Bishop of Modena in the Consistory of 12 November 1691; he was consecrated in Rome on 18 November by Cardinal Opizzo Pallavicini. He died in June 1716. Ughelli-Coleti, p. 140. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 277 with note 4.
- Fogliani was born at Castelnovo del Monte (Reggio) in 1654. He obtained the degree of Doctor in utroque iure (Reggio 1677). He was Archpriest of the Collegiate Church of S. Maria (Carpi, diocese of Bologna), and a Canon of the Cathedral Chapter of Modena. He was appointed Bishop of Modena in the Consistory of 12 April 1717 by Pope Clement XI. He died on 26 June 1742. Cappelletti, p. 290. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 277 with note 5.
- Molza was born in Modena in 1688. He obtained the degree Doctor in utroque iure from the college of nobles in Modena in 1721. In 1722 he became a Canon of the Cathedral Chapter of Modena. He was named Bishop of Modena by Pope Benedict XIV on 20 May 1743, and was consecrated in Rome on 2 June by Cardinal Antonio Gentili. He died on 1 January 1745. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 298 with note 2.
- Sabbatini born at Castello di Fanano (Ravenna) in 1684. He became secretary and assistant General of his Order. On 20 March 1726 he was consecrated titular bishop of Apollonia, and named Archpriest of Carpi and Abbot Commendatory of Pomposa. He was transferred to the diocese of Modena on 8 March 1745. He died on 3 June 1757, at the age of 73. Cappelletti, p. 291. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 91; VI, p. 298 with note 3.
- Fogliani was appointed on 19 December 1757 by Pope Benedict XIV. He died on 18 October 1783. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 298 with note 4.
- Cortese was appointed by Pope Pius VI in the Consistory of 3 April 1786. He died on 30 December 1823. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 298 with note 5.
- A native of Lodi, Sommariva was appointed Bishop of Modena e Nonantola by Pope Pius VII on 12 July 1824. He died in office on 7 March 1829. Gams, p. 759 column 1. Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica VII, p. 273.
- Born in Carpi, Caleffi had previously been Bishop of Carpi. He was transferred to the diocese of Modena e Nonantola by Pope Pius VIII on 5 July 1830. He died on 5 August 1837. Gams, p. 759 column 1. Ritzler-Sefrin, VII, p. 273.
- Reggianini was a native of Modena. He was appointed Bishop of Modena e Nonantola on 12 February 1838 by Pope Gregory XVI. He died on 9 January 1847 (Gams, p. 759, makes it 9 February). Ritzler-Sefrin, VII, p. 273.
- A native of Modena, Ferrari was appointed bishop by Pope Pius IX on 3 July 1848. He died on 19 April 1851. Gams, p. 759. Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica VIII, p. 397.
- Cugini was a native of Reggio Emilia. He was appointed Bishop of Modena e Nonantola by Pope Pius IX on 18 March 1852. The diocese became an archbishopric and Cugini became an archbishop in 1855. He died on 22 January 1872. Gams, p. 759. Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica VIII, p. 397.
- Foresti was appointed Bishop of Modena e Nonantola on 2 April 1976 by Pope Paul VI. On 7 April 1983 he was named Bishop of Brescia by Pope John Paul II, and allowed to retain the title Archbishop.
- Quadri died on 17 October 2008. Narni Online.com, "E' morto monsignor Santo Quadri, vescovo di Terni, Narni e Amelia dal 1972 al 1983, i funerali lunedi al Duomo di Modena", 17 ottobre 2008; retrieved: 1 October 2018.
- Born at Roncadello di Forlì in 1960, Castellucci obtained a doctorate from the Gregorian University in Rome with a thesis entitled, "Dimensione cristologica ed ecclesiologica del presbitero nel Concilio Vaticano II" (1988). He served as a parish priest, and on a number of diocesan committees. He taught theology at the Studio Teologico Accademico Bolognese (1988-2004) and then at the regional Seminary of Emilia Romagna (2005-2009), where he rose to be headmaster. He was appointed Archbishop on 3 June 2015 by Pope Francis, and was consecrated bishop at Forlì by Bishop Lino Pizzi. Chiesa di Modena-Nonantola, Arcivescovo mons. Erio Castellucci; retrieved: 4 October 2018. (in Italian)
Reference works for bishopsEdit
- Gams, Pius Bonifatius (1873). Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo (in Latin). Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz.
- Eubel, Conradus, ed. (1913). Hierarchia catholica (in Latin). Vol. Tomus 1 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. (in Latin)
- Eubel, Conradus, ed. (1914). Hierarchia catholica (in Latin). Vol. Tomus 2 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.
- Eubel, Conradus, ed. (1923). Hierarchia catholica (in Latin). Vol. Tomus 3 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.
- Gauchat, Patritius (Patrice) (1935). Hierarchia catholica. Vol. Tomus IV (1592-1667). Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1952). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi. Vol. Tomus V (1667-1730). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1958). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi. Vol. Tomus VI (1730-1799). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1968). Hierarchia Catholica medii et recentioris aevi (in Latin). Vol. VII (1800–1846). Monasterii: Libreria Regensburgiana.
- Remigius Ritzler; Pirminus Sefrin (1978). Hierarchia catholica Medii et recentioris aevi (in Latin). Vol. VIII (1846–1903). Il Messaggero di S. Antonio.
- Pięta, Zenon (2002). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentioris aevi (in Latin). Vol. IX (1903–1922). Padua: Messagero di San Antonio. ISBN 978-88-250-1000-8.
- Borghi, Carlo (1845). Il duomo, ossia Cenni storici e descrittivi della Cattedrale di Modena (in Italian). Modena: Antonio ed Angelo Cappelli.
- Cappelletti, Giuseppe (1859). Le chiese d'Italia: dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni (in Italian). Vol. Tomo decimoquinto (15). Venezia: G. Antonelli. pp. 191–331.
- Dondi, Antonio (1896). Notizie storiche ed artistiche del Duomo di Modena: Coll' elenco dei codici capitolari in appendice (in Italian). Modena: Tipografia pontificia ed arcivescovile dell'Immacolata Concezione.
- Kehr, Paul Fridolin (1906). Italia Pontificia Vol. V: Aemilia, sive Provincia Ravennas. Berlin: Weidmann, pp. 298–363. (in Latin).
- Lanzoni, Francesco (1927). Le diocesi d'Italia dalle origini al principio del secolo VII (an. 604). Faenza: F. Lega, pp. 790–793. (in Italian)
- Sillingardi, Gasparo (1606). Catalogus omnium episcoporum Mutinensium (in Latin). Modena: Joannes Maria de Verdis.
- Tiraboschi, Girolamo (1781). Biblioteca modenese, o Notizie della vita e delle opere degli scrittori natii degli stati del ... duca di Modena (in Italian). Vol. Tomo I. Modena: Societa tipografica. Tiraboschi, Girolamo (1782). Tomo II. Tiraboschi, Girolamo (1783). Tomo III. Tiraboschi, Girolamo (1783). Tomo IV. Tiraboschi, Girolamo (1784). Tomo V. Tiraboschi, Girolamo (1786). Tomo VI.
- Tiraboschi, Girolamo (1784). Storia dell'augusta Badia di S. Silvestro di Nonantola, aggiuntovi il Codice diplomatico della medesima (in Italian). Vol. Tomo I. Modena: Presso la Società tipografica. Tiraboschi, Girolamo (1785). Tomo II.
- Tiraboschi, Girolamo (1793). Memorie storiche modenesi (in Italian). Vol. Tomo I. Modena: Soc. Typografica. Tiraboschi, Girolamo (1793). Tomo II. Tiraboschi, Girolamo (1794). Tomo III. Tiraboschi, Girolamo (1794). Tomo IV. Tiraboschi, Girolamo (1795). Tomo V.
- Ughelli, Ferdinando; Coleti, Niccolò (1717). Italia sacra sive De Episcopis Italiae, et insularum adjacentium (in Latin). Vol. Tomus II. Venice: apud Sebastianum Coleti. pp. 73–140.
- Vedriani, Lodovico (1669). Catalogo de Vescovi Modonesi ... con molte Figure di quelli (in Italian). Modena: Bartolomeo Soliani.
- Benigni, Umberto. "Modena." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 10. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. Retrieved: 29 September 2018.