Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mariana

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mariana (Latin: Archidioecesis Marianensis, Portuguese: Arquidiocese de Mariana) is an archdiocese based in the city of Mariana in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais.

Archdiocese of Mariana

Archidioecesis Marianensis

Arquidiocese de Mariana
Catedral de N S da Assunção.JPG
Metropolitan Cathedral-Basilica of Our Lady of the Assumption
Area22,680 km2 (8,760 sq mi)
- Total
- Catholics (including non-members)
(as of 2013)
1,274,000 (est.)
1,069,000 (est.) (83.9%)
RiteLatin Rite
Established6 December 1745 (276 years ago)
CathedralCatedral Metropolitana Basílica Nossa Senhora da Assunção
Secular priests171 (diocesan)
24 (Religious Orders)
Current leadership
ArchbishopGeraldo Lyrio Rocha


On 6 December 1745 the Diocese of Mariana was established with territory taken from the Diocese of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro.[citation needed]

In 1748, after release from prison, formerly enslaved prostitute Rosa Egipcíaca began to preach to crowds about her religious visions. In 1749 she was accused of witchcraft by the Bishop of Mariana and whipped in Vila de Mariana as a punishment.[1] This punishment paralysed the right side of her body for the rest of her life.[2] Egipcíaca became the first black woman in Brazil to write book, which was entitled Sagrada Teologia do Amor Divino das Almas Peregrinas.[3]

On 1 May 1906 it was promoted to Metropolitan Archdiocese of Mariana.[citation needed] By 2013 there was one priest for every 5,482 Catholics.[citation needed]

Special churchesEdit

Basílica do Senhor Bom Jesus


Ordinaries, in reverse chronological orderEdit

Coadjutor bishopsEdit

Auxiliary bishopsEdit

Other priests of this diocese who became bishopsEdit

Suffragan diocesesEdit


  1. ^ "Enslaved: Peoples of the Historical Slave Trade". Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  2. ^ "Egipcíaca, Rosa |". Retrieved 2021-08-20.
  3. ^ Martins, Ana Margarida (2019). "Teresa Margarida da Silva Orta (1711–1793): A Minor Transnational of the Brown Atlantic". Portuguese Studies. 35 (2): 136–53. doi:10.5699/portstudies.35.2.0136. ISSN 0267-5315.
  4. ^ Gams, p. 136.
  5. ^ Approved by Pope Gregory XVI on 17 December 1840. Gams, p. 136.
  6. ^ Leite was presented by the King on 13 May 1818, approved by Pope Pius VII on 9 September 1819, and consecrated on 9 April 1820. Gams, p. 136.
  7. ^ Cypriano de São José was born in Lisbon. He was a lecturer in philosophy and theology in houses of his Order, and became a Conciniator in the Royal Chapel of the Palace of Bemposta. He became a Master of theology (1795). He was Visitor General of his Order in the Province of San Antonio on three occasions. He was presented as Bishop of Mariana by the Queen, and approved by Pope Pius VI on 24 July 1797. Ritzler, VI, p. 27 with note 6.
  8. ^ Ritzler, VI, p. 27 with note 5.
  9. ^ Ritzler, VI, p. 27 with note 4.
  10. ^ Figuera was born in Lisbon, and became Doctor in utroque iure at the University of Coimbra. He served as judge in the Apostolic Nunciature in Portugal. He was presented to the bishopric by the King on 21 March 1771, and approved by Pope Clement XIV on 17 June 1771. He was promoted to the Archdiocese of Bahia on 8 March 1773. Ritzler, VI, p. 27 with note 3.
  11. ^ Nogueira was Master of theology (1726), and was named Abbot of Coimbra. He was Definitor and Master of Novices at the monastery of Santa Maria Alcobacensis. He then became bishop of São Luís de Maranhão (1738-1745). He was presented to the bishopric of Mariana by the King on 1 September 1745, and approved by Pope Benedict XIV on 15 December 1745. Ritzler, VI, p. 268 and p. 276 with note 2.


External linksEdit

Coordinates: 20°22′42″S 43°24′59″W / 20.3782°S 43.4164°W / -20.3782; -43.4164