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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Alba Iulia

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Alba Iulia (Hungarian: Gyulafehérvári Római Katolikus Érsekség) is a Latin Church Catholic archdiocese in Transylvania, Romania.

Archdiocese of Alba Iulia
Archidioecesis Albae Iuliensis
Arhiepiscopia de Alba Iulia
Location
Country  Romania
Metropolitan Immediately Subject to the Holy See
Statistics
Area 58,254 km2 (22,492 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2015)
4,017,256
397,778 (9.9%)
Parishes 253
Information
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established 1009
(As Diocese of Transilvania, Erdély, Siebenbürgen)
22 March 1932
(As Diocese of Alba Iulia)
5 August 1991
(Archdiocese of Alba Iulia)
Cathedral St. Michael's Cathedral, Alba Iulia
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Archbishop György Jakubinyi
Auxiliary Bishops József Tamás
Map
Administrative map of Roman-Catholic Church
Administrative map of Roman-Catholic Church
There is also a Romanian Orthodox Archbishop of Alba Iulia and a Greek Catholic Archdiocese of Făgăraş and Alba Iulia.

Contents

HistoryEdit

It was established as a bishopric, the diocese of Transylvania also called Erdély (in Hungarian), or Karlsburg alias Siebenbürgen (in German), in 1009 by King Stephen I of Hungary and was renamed as the diocese of Alba Iulia on 22 March 1932.

It was raised to the rank of an archdiocese by Pope John Paul II on 5 August 1991. It is exempt, i.e. directly subordinate to the Vatican, while the other Romanian dioceses form the Ecclesiastical Province of Bucharest.

Its first and present archbishop since 1994 has been György Jakubinyi.

DescriptionEdit

The archdiocese covers Transylvania proper—the counties of Alba, Bistriţa-Năsăud, Braşov, Cluj, Covasna, Harghita, Hunedoara, Mureş, Sălaj and Sibiu.

The cathedral episcopal see is St. Michael's, in Alba Julia city. It also has a minor basilica in Şumuleu Ciuc.

PopulationEdit

11% of the inhabitants are Roman Catholic, with concentrations in parts of Harghita and Covasna counties. Catholic adherents are predominantly ethnic Hungarians.

External linksEdit