Rolls-Royce Falcon

The Rolls-Royce Falcon is an aero engine developed in 1915. It was a smaller version of the Rolls-Royce Eagle, a liquid-cooled V-12 of 867 cu in (14.2 L) capacity. Fitted to many British World War I-era aircraft, production ceased in 1927. The Falcon was designed by R.W. Harvey-Bailey.[1]

Falcon
RollsRoyceFalconIII.JPG
Preserved Rolls-Royce Falcon III at the Shuttleworth Collection
Type V-12 aero engine
Manufacturer Rolls-Royce Limited
First run 1915
Major applications Bristol F.2 Fighter
Blackburn Kangaroo
Number built 2,185
Unit cost £1,210 (1918)
Developed from Rolls-Royce Eagle

An airworthy Falcon survives today and powers a Bristol F.2 Fighter during summer displays.

Design and developmentEdit

Production of the Falcon began in September 1916 and was so successful that it was also manufactured under licence by Brazil Straker in Bristol.[2] Production continued until 1927, by which time 2,185 had been built.[3]

An unusual feature of this engine was the epicyclic propeller reduction gear which contained a clutch designed to limit the maximum torque, thus protecting the reduction gears.[4]

The Falcon was notably used in the Bristol F.2 Fighter and Blackburn Kangaroo bomber.

VariantsEdit

Note:[5]

Falcon I (Rolls-Royce 190 hp Mk I)
(1916-17), 230 hp, 250 engines produced in both left- and right-hand tractor versions.
Falcon II (Rolls-Royce 190 hp Mk II)
(1917), 253 hp, carburettor size increased. 250 built at Derby.
Falcon III (Rolls-Royce 190 hp Mk III)
(1917-1927), 285 hp, increased compression ratio (5.3:1), twin carburettors replaced with four Rolls-Royce/Claudel-Hobson units. 1,685 built at Derby.

ApplicationsEdit

List from Guttery and Lumsden:[3][4]

SurvivorsEdit

Bristol F.2B Fighter, D-8096, is based at the Shuttleworth Collection and is powered by a Falcon III, this aircraft flies regularly in summer.[6]

Engines on displayEdit

Specifications (Falcon III)Edit

Data from Jane's[7] and Lumsden.[3]

General characteristics

  • Type: 12-cylinder liquid-cooled 60 deg. Vee aircraft piston engine
  • Bore: 4 in (101.6 mm)
  • Stroke: 5.75 in (146 mm)
  • Displacement: 866.5 in³ (14.2 L)
  • Length: 68 in (1,727 mm)
  • Width: 40.3 in (1,024 mm)
  • Height: 37.2 in (945 mm)
  • Dry weight: 715 lb (324 kg)

Components

  • Valvetrain: Overhead camshaft, two valves per cylinder
  • Fuel system: Four Rolls-Royce/Claudel-Hobson carburettors
  • Fuel type: 40-50 octane petrol (pre-1923)
  • Cooling system: Liquid-cooled

Performance

  • Power output: 288 hp (215 kW) at 2,300 rpm at sea level
  • Compression ratio: 5.3:1
  • Fuel consumption: 18.5 Imp gal/hr (84 L/hr)
  • Oil consumption: 0.75 Imp gal/hr (3.4 L/hr)
  • Power-to-weight ratio: 0.4 hp/lb (0.66 kW/kg)

See alsoEdit

Related development

Related lists

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines - 5th edition" by Bill Gunston, Sutton Publishing, 2006, p.185
  2. ^ Pugh 2001, p.82.
  3. ^ a b c Lumsden 2003, p.188.
  4. ^ a b Guttery 1969, p.27.
  5. ^ Alternate designations in italics.
  6. ^ Shuttleworth Collection - Bristol Fighter www.shuttleworth.org. Retrieved: 13 December 2017
  7. ^ Jane's 1989, p.312.

BibliographyEdit

  • Guttery, T.E. The Shuttleworth Collection. London: Wm. Carling & Co, 1969. ISBN 0-901319-01-5
  • Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War I. London. Studio Editions Ltd, 1993. ISBN 1-85170-347-0
  • Lumsden, Alec. British Piston Engines and their Aircraft. Marlborough, Wiltshire: Airlife Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-85310-294-6.
  • Pugh, Peter. The Magic of a Name - The Rolls-Royce Story: The First 40 Years. Duxford, Cambridge: Icon Books, 2001. ISBN 1-84046-151-9.

External linksEdit