Roland Kibbee (15 February 1914 in Monongahela, Pennsylvania – 5 August 1984 in Encino, California) was an award-winning American screenwriter and producer. He was a frequent collaborator and friend of actor-producer Burt Lancaster.
Kibbee began his career writing for radio in 1931, working with Jack Lescoulie, and later collaborated with Nat Hiken, writing for the series The Grouch Club, which starred Lescoulie. After this, Kibbee worked on Fred Allen's staff and wrote for Groucho Marx, before serving in the U.S. Air Force during World War II. Following his military service, he collaborated with Joseph Fields to write the screenplay for the Marx Brothers 1946 film A Night in Casablanca.
He frequently worked on films for Burt Lancaster, including The Crimson Pirate (1952), Vera Cruz (1954), The Devil's Disciple (1959), and Valdez Is Coming (1971). For a time they teamed to form "Norlan Productions". Together they wrote, produced and directed The Midnight Man (1974).
Prominent TV producer and writer Norman Lear also acknowledged that while he would sometimes do the opening monologues for The Tennessee Ernie Ford Show, Kibbee was in fact the show's main writer. In a 2015 interview with Variety, Lear credited both Kibbee and Hiken as his two mentors.
In the early '50s, Kibbee was named as a former member of the Communist party by screenwriter Martin Berkeley along with 155 others. Kibbee had become a member in 1937, "by way of the Hollywood Anti-Nazi League and out three years later by way of the Nazi-Soviet Pact"
He was also named by his colleague and Hecht-Lancaster executive Harold Hecht. Kibbee was then required to testify before the committee which he did, believing to have mostly named those who had named him.
Kibbee broke off with Hecht but continued to work for the company on a freelance basis. He retained his friendship with Lancaster, allegedly warning to distance himself from Hecht. Lancaster had been a vocal critic of the House Un-American Activities Committee.
Kibbee is one of the interview subjects in Naming Names, the definitive history of the Hollywood Blacklist by journalist Victor Navasky. The author discovered that like many who had testified, Kibbee was mistaken and had in fact given names that were not previously known to the committee.
- Buford, Kate (2001). Burt Lancaster: An American Life.
- "Writer becomes producer almost in 'self-defense'". Rock Hill Herald. July 17, 1972. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- "THE SCREEN; 'A Night in Casablanca,' With Marx Brothers, at Globe-- 'Our Hearts Were Growing Up' and 'Sirocco' Also Arrive". New York Times. August 12, 1946. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- "Roland Kibbee Is Dead at 70; Won two Emmys for Writing". The New York Times. 10 August 1984. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
- Bufford, Kate (8 July 2013). Burt Lancaster: An American Life. ISBN 978-1781312001.