Rojulu Marayi

Rojulu Marayi (transl. The days have changed) is a 1955 Indian Telugu-language drama film, produced by C. V. R. Prasad on Saradhi Studios banner and directed by Tapi Chanakya. It stars Akkineni Nageswara Rao and Sowcar Janaki, with music composed by Master Venu.

Rojulu Marayi
Rojulu Marayi.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byTapi Chanakya
Screenplay byKondepudi Lakshminarayana
Tapi Chanakya
C. V. R. Prasad
Story byKondepudi Lakshminarayana
Produced byC. V. R. Prasad
StarringAkkineni Nageswara Rao
Sowcar Janaki
CinematographyKamal Ghosh
Edited byTilak
Akkineni Sanjeevi
Music byMaster Venu
Release date
  • 14 April 1955 (1955-04-14)
Running time
190 minutes[1]

The story is set in a native village environment and portrays the changing times. The film is the debut of Waheeda Rehman in the film industry. Rojulu Marayi was released on 14 April 1955. The film ran for over 25 weeks in theatres, thereby becoming a silver jubilee film, and was remade in Tamil as Kaalam Maari Pochi (1956).


Zamindar Sagaraiah (C.S.R) is a materialistic and devious man grants who loans to the farmers at a high interest and grabs their lands with the help of Karanam Sambaiah (Ramana Reddy) and a goon Polaiah (Relangi). Kotayya (Perumallu), an honest peasant leads a happy family life with his wife (Hemalatha), son Venu (Akkineni Nageswara Rao), and daughter Bharati (Ammaji). Kotayya is most loyal to Sagaraiah but Venu always confronts his atrocities. Meanwhile, Kotayya decides to couple up Bharati with Venu's close friend Gopalam (Vallam Narasimha Rao) when his father Venkatadri insists on dowry and is helpless Kotayya requests a loan from Sagaraiah. Exploiting the situation, Sagaraiah wants to mortgage his property to which Venu refuses and a rift arises between father and son. Moreover, Venu loves Radha (Sowkar Janaki), the daughter of a retired army soldier Ratnam (Seetaram) who is ostracized from the village. Knowing it, Sambaiah aggravates Kotayya, as a result, Venu leaves the house and marries Radha. Right now, Venu collaborates with all the peasants and decides to perform collective farming for which he sends a petition to the collectorate. Keeping the grudge in mind, Sagaraiah suffers Venu a lot but he stands up with courage and moves forward. Thereafter, District Collector (A. V. Subba Rao) arrives for the inspection where Venu breaks out the offenses of Sagaraiah and Sambaiah and sanctions wastelands for cultivation. Nevertheless, Sagaraiah creates many obstacles that Venu gamely encounters. Distressed, Sagaraiah strikes and necks out Polaiah for his inability when Venu embraces and reforms him. At present, Sagaraiah ploys to spoil Bharati's match when Radha resolves the conflict with her amicable. So, as a home straight, Sagaraiah forces Kotayya to stop nuptial when he too revolts against him. During the time of marriage, Sagaraiah intrigues and attacks the wedding procession and Venu rescues them. Just before, Sagaraiah also blasts the reservoir when the crop is about to flood out. At last, the entire village unites together safeguards it, ceases Sagaraiah, and gets him arrested. The film ends with the marriage of Gopalam and Bharati and Kotayya inviting back Venu and Radha.


Film cast is referenced from The Hindu article.[2]


Sixteen years after making Raithu Bidda (1939), a film which dealt with the hardships faced by poor peasants under the zamindari rule, the production house Saradhi Studios decided to make another film dealing with similar issues, titled Rojulu Marayi. The producer of the film was C. V. R. Prasad, who also wrote the screenplay with Kondepudi Lakshminarayana and Tapi Chanakya, who was named director. The cinematography was handled by Kamal Ghosh, and editing by Tilak and Akkineni Sanjeevi. Filming took place prominently at the Dandumitta village. When shooting for the film was almost complete, Prasad felt that a celebration song set after the film's harvest scene would add colour to the black-and-white film. Lyricist Kosaraju Raghavaiah remembered a song he had written for producer Thottempudi Ramaiah's shelved film Paleru, that was composed by Venu. Chanakya and Prasad liked the lyrics and the tune,[2][4] and Vedantam Jagannatha Sarma suggested Waheeda Rehman, then a dancer, to the makers. She was signed on a remuneration of 500 (equivalent to 46,000 or US$600 in 2020) for being the dancer in the song, "Eruvaaka Sagaroranno Chinnanna",[2] and Rojulu Marayi thus marked her feature film debut.[5]


The soundtrack was composed by Master Venu.[6] "Eruvaaka Sagaroranno Chinnanna" was inspired by the folk song "Ayyo Koyyoda", popularised by Valluri Jagannatha Rao. It was later adapted into many other songs, such as "Summa Kidantha Sothuku Nashtam" from the Tamil film Madurai Veeran (1956) and "Dekhne Me Bhola Hai Mera Salona" from the Hindi film Bombai Ka Babu (1960).[2]

S. No. Song Title Lyrics Singers Length
1 "Oliyo Oli Oliyo Oli" Kosaraju Ghantasala 1:57
2 "Idiye Haayi Kalupumu" Tapi Dharma Rao Ghantasala, Jikki 2:56
3 "Eruvaaka Sagaroranno Chinnanna" Kosaraju Jikki 5:19
4 "Randayya Podamu" Kosaraju Ghantasala 3:23
5 "Maaraju Vianavayya" Tapi Dharma Rao Ghantasala, Jikki 4:12
6 "Chirunavvulu Virise" Tapi Dharma Rao Ghantasala, Jikki, Krishna Kumari 3:58
7 "Ellipotundi Elli" Tapi Dharma Rao Pithapuram 3:40

Release and receptionEdit

Rojulu Marayi was released on 14 April 1955.[2] The film ran for over 25 weeks in theatres, thereby becoming a silver jubilee film.[7] Its 100th day functions were held in the Hyderabad-based Rajeswar theatre and Konda Venkata Ranga Reddy, then the Deputy Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, presided over the function. The film was later remade in Tamil as Kaalam Maari Pochi (1956), where "Eruvaaka Sagaroranno Chinnanna" was re-used as "Yerupooti Povaye Anne Sinnanne", with Waheeda Rehman returning as dancer.[2]


  1. ^ Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, p. 343.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Narasimham, M. L. (31 July 2014). "Rojulu Maaraayi (1955)". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 25 June 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
  3. ^ "Rojulu Maarayi". iQlik Movies. Archived from the original on 3 June 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  4. ^ Narasimham, M. L. (20 March 2017). "Her big-ticket to stardom". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  5. ^ Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, p. 73.
  6. ^ "Rojulu Marayi (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)". Apple Music. Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  7. ^ Kabir, Nasreen Munni (2005). Guru Dutt: A Life in Cinema. Oxford University Press. p. 107. ISBN 9780195672336.


External linksEdit