Roda JC Kerkrade
Sportvereniging Roda Juliana Combinatie Kerkrade (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈspɔrtfəˌreːnəɣɪŋ ˈroːdaː ˌjyliˈjaːnaː ˌkɔmbiˈnaː(t)si ˈkɛr(ə)kˌraːdə]; Kerkrade dialect: Sjport Verainiejoeng Roda Juliana Combinaatsiejoeën Kirchroa), also known as Roda JC Kerkrade ([ˈroːdaː jeːˈseː ˈkɛr(ə)kˌraːdə]), is a Dutch professional football club located in Kerkrade, Netherlands. Roda JC Kerkrade plays in the Jupiler League. The club was founded by a merger between Rapid JC and Roda Sport in 1962. They were placed in the Eerste Divisie, and after a relegation they were promoted back to the top division in 1973, where they would stay for 41 years until being relegated in 2014. In 2009–10, they added Kerkrade to the name to create brand awareness and get financial support.
|Full name||Sportvereniging Roda|
Juliana Combinatie Kerkrade
|Nickname(s)||De Koempels (Miners)|
De Trots van het Zuiden (The Pride of the South)
|Founded||27 June 1962|
|Ground||Parkstad Limburg Stadion|
|Manager||Eric van der Luer|
|League||Keuken Kampioen Divisie|
|2017–18||Eredivisie, 16th (relegated after playoff)|
Roda JC is known as the "coal-miner's club"; fans of archrival club MVV, from the provincial capital of Maastricht, say those words condescendingly. However, in Kerkrade and the surrounding area, they are said with pride and respect. The last Dutch coal mines were closed in the 1970s, but the southeastern part of the Netherlands' most southern province, Limburg, is still referred to as the Mijnstreek ("mine district") today. The coal mines are still recalled in folk songs in the regional dialect and in the stories of old miners, reminiscing about an era that will never return. Southern Limburg will always be their home. Their team, in most cases, is Roda JC.
Roda JC's club honours include seven European campaigns and six KNVB Cup finals, of which they won two. One of its predecessors in club's "family tree" of mergers, Rapid JC, were champions of the Netherlands in 1956. Ten out of eleven players on that Rapid JC team were coal miners.
Roda JC Kerkrade came into being as the result of a merger of several football clubs from Kerkrade. In 1954, SV Kerkrade (established 1926) and SV Bleijerheide (1914) merged to form Roda Sport. That same year, Rapid '54 (1954) and amateur club Juliana (1910) merged to form Rapid JC. Rapid JC was one of the most successful clubs of that time, winning the Championship play-off in 1956. In later years they would only finish in the top 10 once, when they finished second in the 1958–59 season. Roda Sport, however, were relegated to the Tweede Divisie and stayed there until the latest merger with Rapid JC, to form Roda JC.
Struggling and staying at the top division (1963–94)Edit
After the merger they began in the Eerste Divisie in the 1962–63 season, but were relegated the same season after finishing 16th. The following season they almost achieved promotion again, but they lost in the play-off and remained in the Tweede Divisie for eight years. After their return to the Eerste Divisie, it only took a further two seasons before they were promoted to the Eredivisie, when they finished first.
The club are finally in the premier division, but did not manage to qualify for a European competition even though they finished near the top several times. They only qualified for Europe once when they lost in the finals of the KNVB Cup in 1975, but they lost in the first round, 5–3 on aggregate, to Anderlecht. In the 1986–87 season they finally finished high enough for the European Cup play-offs in the Netherlands, but lost their place to Utrecht. One year later they finished 15th and struggled to avoid relegation to the Eerste Divisie. They did, however, reach the finals of the KNVB Cup. Since PSV already had a place in Europe by winning the Eredivisie, Roda JC also earned a place in the European Cup. With the financial backing of entrepreneur Nol Hendriks, this was the club's most memorable European campaign, when Roda made it through the winter in the European Cup Winners' Cup before succumbing to the superb strikers of Bulgarian Sredets Sofia, Hristo Stoichkov, Lyuboslav Penev and Emil Kostadinov, who became superstars in Europe's major football leagues. Two years later, they finished fifth twice, but only once gained a place in a European competition. They did well in the KNVB Cup in 1990–91, reaching the semi-finals, and a year later reached the finals.
Dutch and European success (1994–2000)Edit
Since 1994, the club has managed to achieve several successes both in Europe and the Netherlands during the Nol Hendriks era. Most notable was their second-place finish in the Eredivisie in 1994–95. They also won the KNVB Cup twice, in 1996–97 and 1999–2000. As a result of these successes, they qualified for several European competitions. In the 1997–98 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, Roda was eliminated in the quarter-finals by Vicenza 1–9 on aggregate. Roda's most memorable European match was played on 28 February 2002. After a 0–1 defeat at the hands of Milan in Kerkrade, Roda caused panic at San Siro by winning the return leg by the same score. Roda even took the lead in the penalty shoot-out, but ended up losing the series, only being one penalty away from eliminating Milan.
Roda's position in Dutch football is best illustrated by their history in the KNVB Cup. Roda were good enough to make it to six finals, but the first three times and the last time the opponent in the final was one of the "Big Three" – and Roda went home with the silver medal: PSV won in 1976 and 1988 and Feyenoord in 1992 and 2008. However, in two of the club's cup finals, a non-Big Three side was the opponent. Both times, the cup went to Kerkrade: Heerenveen were defeated in 1997 and NEC in 2000.
Since 1992, Roda have been in discussions with neighbours Fortuna Sittard, as well as MVV and VVV, with a view to merging to form a new club, named FC Limburg. A statement of intent was published by Roda and Fortuna in November 2008 and in early 2009 financial backing was found for the scheme. All these attempts, however, foundered.
In 2008, the club gained its final notable success by reaching the KNVB Cup final. In the final, opponent and home side Feyenoord proved to be too strong, winning 2–0. One year later, the two teams met again in De Kuip for the final round of the 2008–09 Eredivisie season. Roda JC needed a win to avoid direct relegation, and against all odds, Roda JC defeated Feyenoord to qualify for the promotion/relegation play-offs. Roda eventually won the play-offs, defeating Cambuur in a penalty shoot-out.
In 2010, the club added "Kerkrade" to its name, so the new full name of the sports club is now Roda JC Kerkrade. This was one of the conditions set by the municipality of Kerkrade, in return for their sponsorship.
Roda JC finished in 16th position in the 2012–13 Eredivisie season and were therefore again forced to participate in the play-offs. The Coal Miners came out victorious again after a late free-kick winner by Mark-Jan Fledderus against Sparta Rotterdam, extending the club's stay at the highest level for another season.
Relegations and Eerste Divisie (2014–2018)Edit
Roda JC finished 18th in the 2013–14 Eredivisie and were relegated in May 2014, ending a 41-year period of football at the highest national level. However, they bounced back from the Eerste Divisie on their first attempt after defeating NAC after extra time in a promotion/relegation play-off final.
In January 2017, Dubai-based Swiss-Russian businessman Aleksei Korotaev took a minority interest in the club and brought former French international Nicolas Anelka with him in an advisory role. After Korotaev was jailed for alleged fraud in Dubai later that year, Anelka became not involved with the club anymore.
The club was relegated for a second time in their history in May 2018, after finishing the season in 16th place and subsequently losing 1–2 on aggregate to Eerste Divisie side Almere City in the promotion/relegation play-offs.
After the establishment of the club, Roda JC Kerkrade played in Sportpark Kaalheide with a capacity of 21,500 spectators. Its current stadium is the Parkstad Limburg Stadion, an all-seater stadium with a capacity of 19,979. It was opened on 15 August 2000 with a match against Spanish side Real Zaragoza, which ended in a 2–2 draw.
Before the merge, Rapid JC had won the top league title once, in the 1955 season.
- 1955–56 (as Rapid JC)
- KNVB Cup (2):
- Eerste Divisie (1):
- 1972–73 (as Roda JC)
- Eredivisie runners-up (2):
- KNVB Cup runners-up (4):
- Johan Cruijff Schaal runners-up (2):
Below is a table with Roda JC's domestic results since the introduction of the Eredivisie in 1956.
|Domestic Results since 1956|
|Domestic league||League result||Qualification to||KNVB Cup season||Cup result|
|2017-18 Eredivisie||16th||Eerste Divisie (relegation after promotion/relegation play-offs)||2017–18||quarter-finals|
|2016–17 Eredivisie||17th||– (surviving promotion/relegation play-offs)||2016–17||first round|
|2014–15 Eerste Divisie||3rd||Eredivisie (promotion)||2014–15||quarter-final|
|2013–14 Eredivisie||18th||Eerste Divisie (relegation)||2013–14||quarter-final|
|2012–13 Eredivisie||16th||– (surviving promotion/relegation play-offs)||2012–13||second round|
|2011–12 Eredivisie||10th||–||2011–12||third round|
|2010–11 Eredivisie||6th||– (losing EL play-offs)||2010–11||round of 16|
|2009–10 Eredivisie||9th||– (losing EL play-offs)||2009–10||third round|
|2008–09 Eredivisie||16th||– (surviving promotion/relegation play-offs)||2008–09||quarter-final|
|2007–08 Eredivisie||9th||– (losing UC play-offs)||2007–08||final|
|2006–07 Eredivisie||6th||– (losing UC play-offs)||2006–07||quarter-final|
|2005–06 Eredivisie||8th||– (losing UC play-offs)||2005–06||semi-final|
|2004–05 Eredivisie||8th||Intertoto Cup (R3)||2004–05||third round|
|2003–04 Eredivisie||6th||Intertoto Cup (R3)||2003–04||second round|
|2002–03 Eredivisie||6th||–||2002–03||round of 16|
|2001–02 Eredivisie||13th||–||2001–02||round of 16|
|2000–01 Eredivisie||4th||UEFA Cup||2000–01||quarter-final|
|1999–2000 Eredivisie||8th||UEFA Cup||1999–2000||winners|
|1998–99 Eredivisie||5th||UEFA Cup||1998–99||round of 16|
|1997–98 Eredivisie||14th||–||1997–98||round of 16|
|1996–97 Eredivisie||6th||Cup Winners' Cup||1996–97||winners|
|1995–96 Eredivisie||4th||UEFA Cup||1995–96||semi-final|
|1994–95 Eredivisie||2nd||UEFA Cup||1994–95||second round|
|1993–94 Eredivisie||6th||–||1993–94||third round|
|1992–93 Eredivisie||11th||–||1992–93||third round|
|1989–90 Eredivisie||5th||UEFA Cup||1989–90||quarter-final|
|1988–89 Eredivisie||5th||–||1988–89||second round|
|1987–88 Eredivisie||15th||Cup Winners' Cup||1987–88||final|
|1986–87 Eredivisie||4th||– (losing UC play-offs)||1986–87||first round|
|1985–86 Eredivisie||5th||–||1985–86||first round|
|1984–85 Eredivisie||11th||–||1984–85||first round|
|1983–84 Eredivisie||9th||–||1983–84||round of 16|
|1981–82 Eredivisie||9th||–||1981–82||second round|
|1980–81 Eredivisie||11th||–||1980–81||round of 16|
|1978–79 Eredivisie||5th||–||1978–79||round of 16|
|1976–77 Eredivisie||5th||–||1976–77||round of 16|
|1975–76 Eredivisie||8th||Cup Winners' Cup||1975–76||final|
|1974–75 Eredivisie||8th||–||1974–75||round of 16|
|1973–74 Eredivisie||15th||–||1973–74||second round|
|1972–73 Eerste Divisie||1st||Eredivisie (promotion)||1972–73||second round|
|1971–72 Eerste Divisie||4th||–||1971–72||first round|
|1970–71 Tweede Divisie||5th||Eerste Divisie (promotion)||1970–71||first round|
|1969–70 Tweede Divisie||9th||–||1969–70||first round|
|1968–69 Tweede Divisie||4th||–||1968–69||first round|
|1967–68 Tweede Divisie||5th||–||1967–68||group stage|
|1966–67 Tweede Divisie||4th||promotion play-offs: no promotion||1966–67||DNC|
|1965–66 Tweede Divisie||5th (group B)||–||1965–66||group stage|
|1964–65 Tweede Divisie||4th (group B)||–||1964–65||round of 16|
|1963–64 Tweede Divisie||3rd||promotion play-off: no promotion||1963–64||second round|
|1962–63 Eerste Divisie||16th||Tweede Divisie (relegation)||1962–63||third round|
|1961–62 Eredivisie (as Rapid JC)
1961–62 Tweede Divisie (as Roda Sport)
|Eerste Divisie (relegation)
|1960–61 Eredivisie (as Rapid JC)
1960–61 Tweede Divisie (as Roda Sport)
promotion play-off: no promotion
|1959–60 Eredivisie (as Rapid JC)
1959–60 Tweede Divisie (as Roda Sport)
|–||not held||not held|
|1958–59 Eredivisie (as Rapid JC)
1958–59 Eerste Divisie (as Roda Sport)
Tweede Divisie (relegation)
|1957–58 Eredivisie (as Rapid JC)
1957–58 Eerste Divisie (as Roda Sport)
|1956–57 Eredivisie (as Rapid JC)
1956–57 Eerste Divisie (as Roda Sport)
- As of 11 January 2019
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
|Roda JC Manager||From||To|
|Jacques Koole||1971||November 1972|
|Hennie Hollink||November 1972||February 1974|
|Fritz Pliska||February 1974||1974|
|Piet de Visser||1980||1983|
|Hans Eijkenbroek||1984||November 1984|
|Eugene Gerards||November 1984||December 1984|
|Frans Körver||December 1984||1986|
|Rob Baan||1986||October 1987|
|Rob Jacobs||October 1987||1988|
|Adrie Koster||1991||March 1993|
|Huub Stevens||March 1993||9 October 1996|
|Eddy Achterberg||9 October 1996||1 November 1996|
|Martin Jol||1 November 1996||7 March 1998|
|Theo Vonk||28 February 1998||30 June 1998|
|Sef Vergoossen||1 July 1998||1 July 2001|
|Jan van Dijk||1 July 2001||19 September 2001|
|Georges Leekens||19 September 2001||30 June 2002|
|Wiljan Vloet||1 July 2002||30 June 2005|
|Huub Stevens||1 July 2005||2 February 2007|
|Raymond Atteveld||2 February 2007||7 October 2008|
|Martin Koopman (interim)||7 October 2008||19 November 2008|
|Harm van Veldhoven||20 November 2008||30 June 2012|
|Ruud Brood||1 July 2012||15 December 2013|
|Regillio Vrede & Rick Plum (interim)||15 December 2013||26 December 2013|
|Jon Dahl Tomasson||26 December 2013||26 May 2014|
|René Trost||1 June 2014||8 April 2015|
|Regillio Vrede & Rick Plum (interim)||8 April 2015||11 June 2015|
|Darije Kalezić||11 June 2015||10 May 2016|
|Yannis Anastasiou||18 June 2016||23 May 2017|
|René Trost & Rick Plum (interim)||23 May 2017||21 June 2017|
|Robert Molenaar||21 June 2017||present|
Although not the most vocal, the supporters of Roda JC are generally considered to be among the most loyal and well behaved in the Netherlands. In the early days of the club, Kaalheide was the club's home ground. Initially, supporters could roam free over the terasses. However, in the 1970s, fences were placed between the various sections, preventing supporters to move from one stand to the other. The fanatical supporters decided to unite at the covered north side stand, creating an old fashioned, atmospheric stand. Kaalheide became an infamous stadium for visiting teams.
Since moving to the Parkstad Limburg Stadium in the summer of 2000, the more fanatical supporters can be found behind the goal on the West side. The West Stand was renamed 'Koempel Tribune' (Miner Stand) in September 2014 to honour the fans who remained loyal to the club after the relegation four months earlier.
Since 1989, there is a close friendship between the supporters of Alemannia Aachen and Roda JC Kerkrade. Fans of both clubs regularly visit each other's games.
Roda JC has three provincial rivals, namely Fortuna Sittard, MVV and VVV-Venlo. The arch rival is MVV, the team from the provincial capital of Maastricht. The Roda JC-MVV rivalry is considered to be the number one rivalry in the Province of Limburg by both sets of supporters.
During the 1990s, the rivalry between Roda JC and Fortuna Sittard intensified, as both clubs were relatively successful during that period. Fanatical supporters of both clubs clash regularly ever since. The increased rivalry also created animosity between hooligans of Roda JC and the Belgian Limburg club Genk.
- Schaerlaeckens, Leander (9 February 2009). "Merger mania as Roda JC and Fortuna Sittard prepare to join forces". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 February 2009.
- Roda JC promoveert naar eredivisie – Telegraaf (in Dutch)
- Rus steekt miljoenen in Roda JC – Financieele Dagbald (in Dutch)
- Roda JC deels in handen van Zwitserse investeerder – NRC (in Dutch)
- Roda verrast verder met komst Anelka – Voetbal International (in Dutch)
- Roda: samenwerking met Anelka op laag pitje – NOS (in Dutch)
- Roda JC degradeert voor tweede keer in clubhistorie, Almere City door – AD (in Dutch)
- Official Roda JC Kerkrade website (in Dutch)
- Site about Roda JC Players (in Dutch)
- West Side Ultras (in Dutch)
- Koempels Pleasure Dome (in Dutch)
- 1st Official Supporters Fanclub (in Dutch) / (in German)
- Fanproject Kerkrade 98 (in Dutch)
- Parkstadlimburg-stadion (in Dutch)
- 1990s Review (in Dutch)
- Supportersclub Roda (SCR) (in Dutch)
- Roda United (in Dutch)
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