Rocky III is a 1982 American sports drama film written, directed by, and starring Sylvester Stallone.[2] It is the sequel to Rocky II (1979) and is the third installment in the Rocky franchise. Along with Stallone reprising the title role, the film also stars Talia Shire, Burt Young, Carl Weathers, Burgess Meredith and Mr. T. In the film, Rocky Balboa faces stiff competition from Clubber Lang, a powerful new contender, and turns to his old adversary Apollo Creed for training after the death of his manager and friend Mickey Goldmill.

Rocky III
Rocky iii poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed bySylvester Stallone
Written bySylvester Stallone
Based onCharacters
by Sylvester Stallone
Produced by
Starring
CinematographyBill Butler
Edited by
Music byBill Conti
Production
companies
United Artists
Chartoff-Winkler Productions
Distributed byMGM/United Artists Distribution and Marketing
Release date
  • May 28, 1982 (1982-05-28) (United States)
Running time
100 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$17 million[1]
Box office$270 million

Development of the film began soon after the release of its predecessor. Stallone began a strict diet and workout regimen in preparation for Rocky III. Despite the returns of the original cast being secured quickly, casting for Lang proved difficult, with real boxers Joe Frazier and Earnie Shavers attached to the project at various points. Mr. T was hired in 1981 after winning America's Best Bouncer, and the film is considered his breakthrough role. Rocky III is the first film in the franchise not solely distributed by United Artists, due to the company's merger with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1981.

Rocky III was theatrically released in the United States by MGM/UA on May 28, 1982. The film received generally mixed reviews, with praise for its action sequences and music but criticism for its screenplay, with some critics deeming the film unnecessary. Rocky III grossed $270 million worldwide, surpassing its predecessors to become the then-highest grossing film in the franchise, and the fourth highest grossing film of 1982. Its theme song, "Eye of the Tiger", became a hit single and received an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Song. The sequel, Rocky IV, was released in 1985.

PlotEdit

In 1981, five years after winning the world heavyweight championship against Apollo Creed, Rocky Balboa has had a string of ten successful title defenses. His fame, wealth, and celebrity profile have increased, leading him to participate in an exhibition charity event against professional wrestler Thunderlips. Rocky's manager, Mickey Goldmill, worriedly eyes a young and powerful contender rapidly rising through the ranks, James "Clubber" Lang. While unveiling a statue of himself at the stairway by the Philadelphia Museum of Art just prior to announcing his retirement, Rocky is publicly challenged by Lang, now the number-one contender. Lang accuses Rocky of intentionally accepting challenges from lesser opponents and even makes a sexually suggestive comment toward Rocky's wife Adrian. A furious Rocky accepts Lang's challenge on the spot. However, Mickey initially wants no part of it.

Pressed by Rocky, Mickey confesses that he handpicked the opponents for Rocky's title defenses in order to spare him from another beating of the kind that Creed gave him in their rematch. He explains that Lang is young and powerful, and most of all he's "hungry"; by contrast Rocky is "civilized" and no longer has the stamina and strength to fight a boxer of Lang's caliber. Rocky, shattered by the realization that all of his fights have been stacked in his favor, convinces Mickey to work with him for one last fight. Despite his promise to Mickey to "live in the gym", Rocky insists on allowing the public to watch him train in a crowded hotel ballroom filled with distractions. In contrast, Lang trains alone with ruthless determination and vigor.

Lang and Rocky meet at Philadelphia's Spectrum on August 15, 1981. Pandemonium erupts backstage as Mickey is violently shoved by Lang, resulting in a fatal heart attack. Distraught, Rocky wants to call the match off, but Mickey urges him on while he receives medical care in the dressing room. Rocky's lack of preparation is worsened by his anger over Mickey, preventing him from fully concentrating on the fight. The match begins with Rocky pounding Lang with several huge blows looking for an early knockout, but Lang quickly recovers and takes charge, dominating Rocky and finishing him off with a haymaker left hook in the second round, winning the world heavyweight championship. After the match, Rocky tells a dying Mickey that the match ended in a second round knockout without saying who the victor was. Mickey dies right after he says "I love ya, kid". Rocky, lapsing into severe depression, mourns over Mickey's death.

Stopping by Mickey's closed gym, the forlorn Rocky encounters his former rival, Apollo Creed, who witnessed the match as a guest analyst. Creed offers to help train Rocky for a rematch against Lang in exchange for a future favor, which Rocky accepts. Apollo then takes Rocky to the gym where he once trained, Tough Gym in Los Angeles. Apollo quickly becomes frustrated by Rocky's lack of effort, as he is still haunted by nightmares of Lang and unable to train without Mickey by his side. However, Rocky regains his focus after Adrian helps him come to terms with Mickey's death. Apollo and his manager, Tony "Duke" Evers, infuse Rocky's undisciplined brawling style with more of Apollo's trademark footwork, skill and speed, rebuilding him into an entirely new fighter.

After months of training, the rematch takes place at Madison Square Garden in New York City. Apollo lends Rocky the American flag trunks that he wore during their first match. At the outset of the match, Rocky sprints from his corner, battering Lang with a level of skill and spirit that no one ever expected. Rocky completely dominates the first round, leaving Lang enraged and bewildered after the bell. Lang gains the upper hand in the second round, and Rocky adopts an entirely different strategy that angers and confuses Apollo by intentionally taking a beating from Lang, even getting knocked down twice, all the while taunting Lang that he cannot knock him out. By the third round, Lang, who is used to winning matches swiftly with knockouts in the early rounds, loses his temper and starts throwing punches wildly as Rocky taunts him, gradually running out of stamina. With Lang rattled and vulnerable, Rocky strikes back with a flurry of punches, culminating in a brutal knockout to reclaim the heavyweight championship.

Afterwards, Rocky fulfills Apollo's favor — a third, private rematch with him at Mighty Mick's Gym. The film concludes without showing the result,[N 1] but freezes into an oil painting of two boxers simultaneously throwing the first punch, showing two equally skilled athletes facing each other not as rivals, but as friends.

CastEdit

  • Sylvester Stallone as Robert "Rocky" Balboa, "The Italian Stallion": the heavyweight champion of the world who continues to defend his title against other fighters. When Lang challenges Rocky and wins, the public cries for a rematch. As Rocky is reluctant following Mickey's death, former rival, Apollo Creed, befriends and trains The Italian Stallion in his preparation to take on Clubber Lang.
  • Talia Shire as Adrian Balboa: Rocky's wife and supporter throughout his boxing career.
  • Burt Young as Paulie Pennino: Rocky's best friend and brother-in-law.
  • Carl Weathers as Apollo Creed: The former Heavyweight Champion and Rocky's former arch-rival, who agrees to train him after the death of Mickey. In the process, the two become very close friends.
  • Burgess Meredith as Michael "Mickey" Goldmill: Rocky's friend, manager and trainer, who unexpectedly dies; a former bantamweight fighter from the 1920s and the owner of the boxing gym where Rocky trained for his first fight against Apollo.
  • Tony Burton as Tony "Duke" Evers: Apollo Creed's father figure, friend, trainer, and manager, who helps Apollo train Rocky.
  • Mr. T as James "Clubber" Lang: The underdog challenger who beats Rocky in a championship fight, amidst the unexpected death of Mickey. The public's general dislike and lack of respect for him as Heavyweight Champion of the World leads to a rematch with Rocky. Orphaned at an early age, Lang spent most of his childhood on the streets of Chicago's South Side as well as spending time in orphanages and juvenile facilities. As an adult, Clubber was sent to prison for five years for one count of a felony and/or assault charge. While serving his sentence, he discovered his talent as a boxer. Boxing was a way to let out his frustration, which leads to the events of Rocky III.
  • Ina Fried as Robert "Rocky" Balboa, Jr.: Rocky and Adrian's only child.
  • Hulk Hogan as "Thunderlips": The current world wrestling champion, who fights Rocky in a charity event.

In addition to the main cast several others had cameo appearances. Bill Baldwin and Stu Nahan returned as the fight commentators for the two Rocky-Lang fights. Veteran ring announcer Jimmy Lennon was the ring announcer for the first Lang fight, while boxing judge Marty Denkin was the referee. Lou Filippo returned for his third appearance as a referee during the second Lang fight. Dennis James (Price Is Right) and Jim Healy appeared as the commentators for the Rocky–Thunderlips match, while LeRoy Neiman was the guest ring announcer. Jim Hill was a TV announcer. A then unknown Morgan Freeman auditioned unsuccessfully for the role of Lang's trainer. Footage of Stallone's guest appearance on The Muppet Show was incorporated in the opening sequence, with Jim Henson dubbing Kermit the Frog's announcement that the episode's guest was Rocky Balboa, rather than Stallone.

ProductionEdit

Development and writingEdit

For the role of Clubber Lang, two real world-class heavyweight boxers were first considered: Joe Frazier and Earnie Shavers. Both were about the same height as Sylvester Stallone and had the powerful physique he was looking for, but, according to casting director Rhonda Young, Frazier had a stuttering problem, while Shavers had a high-pitched voice which would have undermined the character's menacing presence. After looking far and wide (even going to prisons in the hope of finding a suitable black antagonist), Rhonda Young stumbled upon a television program on NBC, America's Toughest Bouncer, showcasing a sports competition, and was mesmerized by the winner's physical prowess as well as his charisma. She then called the producer, Dan Ohlmeyer, to ask him about "the man with the mohawk". It turned out that not only was Mr. T a perfect fit, but he also proved tremendously determined to give the best possible performance right from the first screen test, for what would be his breakout role.[3]

In preparation for film, Stallone claims to have got his body fat percentage down to his all-time low of 2.6% and weighed 155 lbs. He stated that he ate only ten egg whites and a piece of toast a day, having a fruit every third day. His training consisted of a two-mile jog in the morning followed by two hours of weight training, a nap during the afternoon followed by 18 rounds of sparring, another weight training session, and finishing the day with a swim.[4]

MusicEdit

SoundtrackEdit

Rocky III: Original Motion Picture Score
Soundtrack album by
ReleasedMarch 9, 1982[5]
GenreAOR, pop rock
Length32:00
LabelLiberty
Rocky soundtrack chronology
Rocky II
(1979)
Rocky III
(1982)
Rocky IV
(1985)
Singles from Rocky III
  1. "Eye of the Tiger"
    Released: May 31, 1982
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic     [6]
  1. "Eye of the Tiger" (by Survivor) – 3:53
  2. "Take You Back (Tough Gym)" – 1:48
  3. "Pushin'" – 3:10
  4. "Decision" – 3:20
  5. "Mickey" – 4:42
  6. "Take You Back" – 3:37
  7. "Reflections" – 2:05
  8. "Gonna Fly Now" – 2:52
  9. "Adrian" – 1:42
  10. "Conquest" – 4:40
  • Frank Stallone – vocals (2, 3, 6)
  • Ray Pizzi – sax (3)
  • Jerry Hey – trumpet (3)
  • Vincent DeRosa – French horn (5)
  • Mike Lang – piano (5)
  • DeEtta Little, Nelson Pigford – vocals (8)

The version of "Eye of the Tiger" that appears in the film is actually a demo—the "finished" version is what appears on the soundtrack. Also missing from the soundtrack is the instrumental version of the song played when Rocky is training in Apollo's old gym.

Chart positionsEdit

Chart (1982) Peak
position
Australia (Kent Music Report)[7] 13
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[8] 36
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[9] 5
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[10] 9
US Billboard 200[11] 15

ReceptionEdit

Box officeEdit

Rocky III was an enormous box office success and surpassed the gross of its predecessor.[12] The film grossed $16,015,408 in its opening weekend[13] and earned $125,049,125 during its North American theatrical run,[14] becoming the fourth highest-grossing film of 1982;[15] its worldwide box-office earnings stand at around $270 million.[16] Roger Ebert and Gene Siskel attributed the film's success to the positive reaction from critics and audiences towards Rocky II and the production team's "quality control" of that film. Siskel stated "if you want a hugely successful series, then make sure that the second one is a winner."[17]

Critical responseEdit

Rocky III holds a 67% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 42 reviews, with an average of 5.7/10. The film's consensus reads, "It's noticeably subject to the law of diminishing returns, but Rocky III still has enough brawny spectacle to stand in the ring with the franchise's better entries".[18] On Metacritic the film has a score of 57 out of 100 based on reviews from 10 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".[19] The film is one of the few which has received the rare A+ grade from audiences surveyed by CinemaScore.[20]

Gene Siskel gave the film two-and-a-half stars out of four and wrote, "Sorry to say this, but there's not anything new in Rocky III, and we sit there wondering why it exists." He added that "we see nothing new about Rocky's character, except that the tender side of his soul, which made him so appealing, is now virtually missing. Rocky Balboa in Rocky III is no longer likable."[21] Pauline Kael of The New Yorker stated, "The first Rocky was primitive in a relatively innocent way. This picture is primitive, but it's also shrewd and empty and inept."[22] Sheila Benson of the Los Angeles Times wrote, "Somehow, Sylvester Stallone has kicked life into what you might imagine is a pretty tired Rocky Balboa and has gotten him up on his feet again ... Rocky III works, possibly even better than numbers I and II."[23] Rita Kempley of The Washington Post called it "as much fun as ever, a ground-meat-and-potatoes movie, with guys beating hell out of each other to a disco beat."[24][25] Tom Milne of The Monthly Film Bulletin wrote, "Starting off with a replay of our hero's second miraculous return from the dead to win the championship back at the end of Rocky II—itself a virtual repeat from the original RockyRocky III soon demonstrates that it has nothing to offer but more of the same ... There are fleeting moments, thanks chiefly to a personable performance from Carl Weathers, but the time has surely come for Rocky Balboa to take the final count."[26]

AccoladesEdit

Award[27] Category Recipients Result
Academy Awards[28] Best Original Song "Eye of the Tiger"
Music and Lyrics by Jim Peterik and Frankie Sullivan
Nominated
British Academy Film Awards[29] Best Original Song Nominated
Golden Globe Awards[30] Best Original Song Nominated
Golden Raspberry Awards[31][32] Worst New Star Mr. T Nominated
Japan Academy Film Prize Outstanding Foreign Language Film Nominated
Jupiter Awards Best International Actor Sylvester Stallone Nominated
NAACP Image Awards Outstanding Motion Picture Nominated
Online Film & Television Association Awards[33] Hall of Fame – Songs "Eye of the Tiger" Inducted
Satellite Awards[34] Best Overall Blu-Ray Rocky: The Undisputed Collection Nominated
Young Artist Awards[35] Best Family Motion Picture Won
Best Young Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture Ian Fried Nominated

The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:

Other mediaEdit

SequelEdit

A sequel titled Rocky IV, was released in November 1985.

Rocky statue in ŽitišteEdit

A bronze statue of Rocky, called "ROCKY", was commissioned by Sylvester Stallone and created by A. Thomas Schomberg in 1981.[37] Three statues were created, and one was placed on the top of the steps of the Philadelphia Museum of Art for the filming of Rocky III. After filming was complete, a furious debate erupted in Philadelphia between the Art Museum and the City's Art Commission over the meaning of "art". Claiming the statue was not "art" but rather a "movie prop" the city considered various alternative locations and settled upon the front of the Spectrum in South Philadelphia. It was later returned to the Art Museum where it was used in the filming of Rocky V,[38] as well as Mannequin and Philadelphia. Afterward, it was again moved to the front of the Spectrum. The statue was returned to the bottom of the museum's stairs on 8 September 2006.[39] The steps leading to the east entrance of the Philadelphia Museum of Art are also known as “The Rocky Steps.”[40]

NovelizationEdit

A novelization by Robert E. Hoban was published by Ballantine Books in 1982.[41]

Video gameEdit

A video game based on the film was released on 1983, titled Rocky Super Action Boxing, designed by Coleco and released for ColecoVision. Players can play as either Rocky Balboa or Clubber Lang either against the computer in a one player game, or against each other in a "Head to Head" two player mode. In 1987 was released Rocky, based on the first four Rocky films. In 2002 was released Rocky, based on the first five Rocky films. In 2004 was released Rocky Legends, based on the first four Rocky films.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Rocky III (1982) – Movie Info". 13 August 2018.
  2. ^ "Rocky III". TCM database. Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved February 28, 2016.
  3. ^ "Mr. T biography (1999) [starting from 08:40]". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2020-11-28. Retrieved 2020-08-25.
  4. ^ Muscle & Fitness, Sept, 2004 by Michael Berg
  5. ^ "Rocky III soundtrack and songs list". 22 June 2017. Archived from the original on 2020-09-29. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  6. ^ Alter, Ethan. Rocky III – Bill Conti. AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Accessed on August 9, 2013.
  7. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 283. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  8. ^ "Longplay-Chartverfolgung at Musicline" (in German). Musicline.de. Phononet GmbH. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  9. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – SOUNDTRACK / BILL CONTI – Rocky III". Hung Medien. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  10. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – SOUNDTRACK / BILL CONTI – Rocky III". Hung Medien. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
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  13. ^ "Box Office and Business Information for Rocky III". IMDb.com. Archived from the original on February 13, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2010.
  14. ^ "Box Office Information for Rocky III". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on August 23, 2010. Retrieved June 11, 2010.
  15. ^ "1982 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on August 5, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2010.
  16. ^ Scott, Vernon (November 12, 1982). "Stallone found new life in new film". The Bulletin. Bend, Oregon. Archived from the original on February 25, 2021. Retrieved July 4, 2012.
  17. ^ Siskel & EbertAt the Movies: The Secret of Star Wars (1983).
  18. ^ "Rocky III". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on November 11, 2020. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  19. ^ "Rocky III". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 2020-11-11. Retrieved 2020-08-08.
  20. ^ "Why CinemaScore Matters for Box Office". The Hollywood Reporter. 19 August 2011. Archived from the original on 2014-04-26. Retrieved 2018-05-09.
  21. ^ Siskel, Gene (May 28, 1982). "'Rocky' loses its punch in Round 3". Chicago Tribune. Section 3, p. 3.
  22. ^ Kael, Pauline (May 31, 1982). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker. 84.
  23. ^ Benson, Sheila (May 28, 1982). "Stallone's Punchout No. 3 at the K.O. Corral". Los Angeles Times. Part VI, p. 1.
  24. ^ Kempley, Rita (May 28, 1982). "'Rocky III': Punched Out". The Washington Post. Weekend, p. 13.
  25. ^ Kempley, Rita (May 28, 1982). "'Rocky III': Punched Out". Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 1, 2021. Retrieved August 12, 2020.
  26. ^ Milne, Tom (August 1982). "Rocky III". The Monthly Film Bulletin. 49 (583): 174.
  27. ^ "Rocky III: Award Wins and Nominations". IMDb.com. Archived from the original on February 2, 2010. Retrieved June 11, 2010.
  28. ^ "The 55th Academy Awards (1983) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
  29. ^ "BAFTA Awards: Film in 1983". BAFTA. 1984. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
  30. ^ "Rocky III – Golden Globes". HFPA. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  31. ^ "1982 RAZZIE Nominees & "Winners"". Golden Raspberry Award Foundation and John Wilson. April 11, 1983. Archived from the original on December 4, 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-26.
  32. ^ Wilson, John (2005). The Official Razzie Movie Guide: Enjoying the Best of Hollywood's Worst. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 0-446-69334-0.
  33. ^ "Film Hall of Fame Inductees: Songs". Online Film & Television Association. Retrieved August 15, 2021.
  34. ^ "2009 | Categories | International Press Academy". International Press Academy. Retrieved March 15, 2021.
  35. ^ "4th Annual Awards". Young Artist Awards. Young Artist Foundation. Archived from the original on March 10, 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-26. Toni Ann Gisondi, Annie
  36. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs Nominees" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-04-17. Retrieved 2016-08-05.
  37. ^ "Rocky statue & Philadelphia Art Museum | The Pop History Dig". Archived from the original on 2019-04-26. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
  38. ^ Hinds, Michael Decourcy (January 23, 1990). "Love Gets in the Way as Rocky V Starts Filming". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 1 October 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  39. ^ "Rocky Is Back Where He Belongs". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on 2019-01-09. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
  40. ^ "Visit The Rocky Statue And The Rocky Steps". Visit Philadelphia. Archived from the original on 2019-01-08. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
  41. ^ Gross, Edward (2007). Rocky III. worldcat.org. ISBN 9781405320016. OCLC 8194770.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In the 2015 film Creed, Rocky reveals that Apollo won the fight.

External linksEdit