Thomas Rocco Barbella (January 1, 1919 – May 22, 1990), better known as Rocky Graziano, was an Italian-American professional boxer who held the World Middleweight title. Graziano is considered one of the greatest knockout artists in boxing history, often displaying the capacity to take his opponent out with a single punch. He was ranked 23rd on The Ring magazine list of the greatest punchers of all time. He fought many of the best middleweights of the era including Sugar Ray Robinson. His turbulent and violent life story was the basis of the 1956 Oscar-winning drama film, Somebody Up There Likes Me, based on his 1955 autobiography of the same title.
|Real name||Thomas Rocco Barbella|
|Nickname(s)||The Rock / Rocky / Rockaby|
|Height||5 ft 7 in (1.70 m)|
|Reach||68 1⁄2 in (174 cm)|
|Born||January 1, 1919|
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
|Died||May 22, 1990 (aged 71)|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Wins by KO||52|
Graziano was the son of Ida Scinto and Nicola Barbella. Barbella, nicknamed Fighting Nick Bob, was a boxer with a brief fighting record. Born in Brooklyn, Graziano later moved to an Italian enclave centered on East 10th Street, between First Avenue and Avenue A in Manhattan's East Village. He grew up as a street fighter and learned to look after himself before he could read or write. He spent years in reform school, jail, and Catholic protectories. Barbella, who got occasional work as a horseback rider, kept boxing gloves around the house and encouraged Graziano and his brothers to fight one another. When he was three years old, Barbella would make him and his brother, Joe (three years his senior), fight almost every night in boxing gloves. At age 18 he won the Metropolitan A.A.U. welterweight championship. Despite the fame and money that professional fighting seemed to offer, he didn't want to become a serious prize fighter. He didn't like the discipline of training any more than he liked the discipline of school or the Army.
Graziano heard from a couple of his friends about a tournament going on with a gold medal for the winner. He fought four matches and ended up winning the New York Metropolitan Amateur Athletic Union Boxing Competition (1939). He sold the gold medal for $15 and decided that boxing was a good way to make cash.
A couple of weeks into amateur fighting, Graziano was arrested for stealing from a school. He went to Coxsackie Correctional Facility, where he spent three weeks, with boyhood friend Jake LaMotta, and then he went on to the New York City Reformatory where he spent five months. After he got out of the reformatory, he headed back to the gym to earn money and while there, met Eddie Cocco who started his professional career. He entered the ring under the name Robert Barber. A couple of weeks later, Graziano was charged with a probation violation and sent back to reform school where he was charged with starting a minor riot. He was then sent to Rikers Island.
When Graziano got out of jail he enlisted in the military but went AWOL after punching a captain. He escaped from Fort Dix in New Jersey and started his real boxing career under the name of "Rocky Graziano". He won his first couple of bouts. After gaining popularity under the name of Graziano, he was found by the military. After his fourth bout, he was called into manager's office to speak with a couple of military personnel. Expecting to be prosecuted and sent back to the military or jail, he fled. He returned to the military a week later. He turned himself in, but he was pardoned and given the opportunity to fight under the army's aegis.
As he grew older and seeing no other way to raise his standard of living, Graziano signed a few boxing contracts, but the rigors of training disinterested him. He and his early managers went their separate ways but eventually, he was picked up by Irving Cohen who had the sense to give him a long leash. Cohen changed the young fighter's name from Barbella to Graziano (his grandfather's surname) and lined up a fight. Refusing to train much, Graziano nevertheless showed his killer instinct and won by a knockout. Other fights were lined up with Cohen trying, in his subtle way, to overmatch Graziano, get him defeated, and thereby show him the value of getting into condition. He even demanded a match against Sugar Ray Robinson.
In March 1945, at Madison Square Garden, Graziano scored a major upset over Billy Arnold, whose style was similar to that of Sugar Ray Robinson; he was a slick boxer with lightning-fast combinations and a knockout punch. The Ring magazine and various newspapers across the United States touted Arnold as the next Joe Louis or Sugar Ray Robinson. Arnold was a heavy favorite to defeat Graziano and then to go on to fight for the world title, but Graziano absorbed a beating in the early going, before going on to batter and knock Arnold out in the third round of the scheduled eight-round bout. Following his loss to Graziano, Arnold was never the same.
Graziano fought three middleweight title bouts against Tony Zale. In their first match (September 27, 1946), after flooring Graziano in the first round, Zale took a savage beating from him, and was on the verge of losing the fight by TKO. However, Zale rallied and knocked him out in the sixth round to retain his title. The rematch, a year later in Chicago (July 16, 1947), was a mirror image of their first fight. The referee almost stopped the second fight in the third round because of a severe cut over Graziano's left eye, which would have awarded the victory to Zale, but Graziano's cutman, Morris ("Whitey") Bimstein, was able to stop the bleeding to let the fight continue. Graziano was battered around the ring, suffered a closed eye and appeared ready to lose by a knockout, then rallied and knocked Zale out in the sixth round, becoming world middleweight champion. Their last fight was held in New Jersey the following year (June 10, 1948). Zale regained his crown, winning the match by a knockout in the third round. The knockout blows consisted of a perfect combination of a right to Graziano's body, then a left hook to his jaw. He was knocked unconscious. His last attempt at the middleweight title came in April 1952, when he fought Sugar Ray Robinson. He dropped him to his knee with a right in the third round. Less than a minute later, Robinson knocked him out for the count with a right to the jaw. He retired after losing his very next fight, a 10-round decision to Chuck Davey.
In 1946, Graziano was suspended by the New York State Athletic Commission (NYSAC) for failure to report a bribe attempt. In 1948, Abe Green, then-National Boxing Association's President, announced that they were indefinitely suspending him in all parts of the world under NBA supervision, following similar action by the California State Athletic Commission. This was due to his "running out" on a scheduled December 1 bout with Fred Apostoli. The suspension covered all of the American States, Great Britain, the European Boxing Federation, Cuba, Mexico, and Canada. Boxing promoter Ralph Tribuani got him a license to box in Delaware, which led to his reinstatement by both the NBA and NYSAC and Rocky's return to prosperity.
After his retirement from boxing, Graziano cohosted a short-lived series, The Henny and Rocky Show (1955) with famous comedian Henny Youngman. He was a semi-regular on The Martha Raye Show, as Raye's boyfriend. He appeared as a regular on the United Artists TV series Miami Undercover for its entire run, and appeared in several series and shows, including The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom, Car 54, Where Are You?, I've Got a Secret, and Naked City. He portrayed Packy, an ex-boxer, in the 1967 film Tony Rome.
Graziano married Norma Unger of German-Jewish descent, on August 10, 1943. By all accounts, the two had a very happy marriage, and they remained together until his death from cardiopulmonary failure on May 22, 1990 in New York City at age 71. According to his biographer, Graziano remained faithful to his wife during the entirety of their marriage, something which was not particularly common among celebrities. They had two children, both of whom married and had children. Graziano's funeral was held at St. Patrick's Cathedral. He is interred at the Locust Valley Cemetery along with his wife, who died in 2009.
Professional boxing recordEdit
|67 Wins (52 knockouts), 10 Losses (3 knockouts), 6 draws|
|Loss||67–10–6||Chuck Davey||UD||10||1952–09–17||Chicago Stadium, Chicago, Illinois|
|Loss||67–9–6||Sugar Ray Robinson||KO||3 (15)
|1952–04–16||Chicago Stadium, Chicago, Illinois||For The Ring and lineal middleweight title|
|Win||67–8–6||Roy Wouters||TKO||1 (10)
|1952–03–27||Minneapolis Auditorium, Minneapolis, Minnesota|
|Win||66–8–6||Eddie O'Neill||TKO||4 (10)
|1952–02–18||Jefferson County Armory, Louisville, Kentucky|
|1951–09–19||Olympia Stadium, Detroit, Michigan|
|Win||64–8–6||Chuck Hunter||DQ||2 (10)||1951–08–06||Municipal Auditorium, Kansas City, Missouri|
|Win||63–8–6||Cecil Hudson||TKO||3 (10)||1951–07–10||Municipal Auditorium, Kansas City, Missouri|
|Win||62–8–6||Freddie Lott||KO||5 (10)
|1951–06–18||Baltimore Coliseum, Baltimore, Maryland|
|Win||61–8–6||Johnny Greco||KO||3 (10)
|1951–05–21||Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec|
|Win||60–8–6||Reuben Jones||KO||3 (10)
|1951–03–19||Miami Stadium, Miami, Florida|
|Win||59–8–6||Honeychile Johnson||KO||4 (10)
|1950–11–27|| Philadelphia Convention Hall,
|Win||58–8–6||Tony Janiro||UD||10||1950–10–27||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York|
|Win||57–8–6||Pete Mead||KO||3 (10)
|1950–10–16||Milwaukee Arena, Milwaukee, Wisconsin|
|Win||56–8–6||Gene Burton||KO||7 (10)
|1950–10–04||Chicago Stadium, Chicago, Illinois|
|Win||55–8–6||Henry Brimm||KO||4 (10)
|1950–05–16||Buffalo Memorial Auditorium, Buffalo, New York|
|Win||54–8–6||Vinnie Cidone||TKO||3 (10)||1950–05–09||Milwaukee Arena, Milwaukee, Wisconsin|
|Win||53–8–6||Danny Williams||KO||3 (10)
|1950–04–24||New Haven Arena, New Haven, Connecticut|
|Draw||52–8–6||Tony Janiro||SD||10||1950–03–31||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York|
|Win||52–8–5||Joe Curcio||KO||1 (10)
|1950–03–06||Miami Stadium, Miami, Florida|
|Win||51–8–5||Sonny Horne||MD||10||1949–12–06||Cleveland Arena, Cleveland, Ohio|
|Win||50–8–5||Charley Fusari||TKO||10||1949–09–14||Polo Grounds, New York City, New York|
|Win||49–8–5||Joe Agosta||KO||2 (10)
|1949–07–18||Century Stadium, West Springfield, Massachusetts|
|Win||48–8–5||Bobby Claus||KO||2 (10)
|1949–06–21||Wilmington Park, Wilmington, Delaware|
|Loss||47–8–5||Tony Zale||KO||3 (15)||1948–06–10||Ruppert Stadium, Newark, New Jersey||Lost The Ring and lineal middleweight title|
|Win||47–7–5||Sonny Horne||UD||10||1948–04–05||Uline Arena, Washington, D.C.|
|Win||46–7–5||Tony Zale||TKO||6 (15)||1947–07–16||Chicago Stadium, Chicago, Illinois||Won The Ring and lineal middleweight title|
The Ring Fight of the Year
|Win||45–7–5||Jerry Fiorello||TKO||5 (10)||1947–06–16||Swayne Field, Toledo, Ohio|
|Win||44–7–5||Eddie Finazzo||TKO||1 (10)||1947–06–10
|Fairgrounds Arena, Memphis, Tennessee|
|Loss||43–7–5||Tony Zale||KO||6 (15)||1946–09–27||Yankee Stadium, New York City, New York||For The Ring and lineal middleweight titles|
The Ring Fight of the Year
|Win||43–6–5||Marty Servo||TKO||2 (10)
|1946–03–29||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York|
|Win||42–6–5||Sonny Horne||UD||10||1946–01–18||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York|
|Win||41–6–5||Harold Green||KO||3 (10)
|1945–09–28||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York|
|1945–08–24||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York|
|1945–06–29||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York||The Ring Fight of the Year|
|Win||38–6–5||Al Davis||TKO||4 (10)||1945–05–25||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York|
|Win||37–6–5||Solomon Stewart||TKO||4 (10)||1945–04–17||Uline Arena, Washington, D.C.|
|Win||36–6–5||Billy Arnold||TKO||3 (8)||1945–03–09||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York|
|Loss||35–6–5||Harold Green||MD||10||1944–12–22||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York|
|Loss||35–5–5||Harold Green||UD||10||1944–11–03||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York|
|Win||35–4–5||Bernie Miller||TKO||2 (8)
|1944–10–24||Broadway Arena, Brooklyn, New York|
|Draw||34–4–5||Danny Kapilow||PTS||10||1944–10–06||St. Nicholas Arena, New York City, New York|
|Draw||34–4–4||Frankie Terry||PTS||8||1944–09–15||St. Nicholas Arena, New York City, New York|
|Win||34–4–3||Jerry Fiorello||SD||8||1944–08–14||Queensboro Arena, Queens, New York|
|Win||33–4–3||Tony Reno||PTS||8||1944–07–21||Fort Hamilton Arena, Brooklyn, New York|
|Win||32–4–3||Frankie Terry||TKO||6 (8)
|1944–06–27||Dexter Park Arena, Queens, New York|
|Win||31–4–3||Larney Moore||KO||2 (8)||1944–06–07||MacArthur Stadium, Brooklyn, New York|
|Win||30–4–3||Tommy Mollis||TKO||7 (10)||1944–05–29||Griffith Stadium, Washington, D.C.|
|Win||29–4–3||Freddie Graham||KO||3 (8)||1944–05–09||Turner's Arena, Washington, D.C.|
|Win||28–4–3||Bobby Brown||KO||5 (10)||1944–04–10||Turner's Arena, Washington, D.C.|
|Win||27–4–3||Ray Rovelli||PTS||8||1944–03–14||Broadway Arena, Brooklyn, New York|
|Win||26–4–3||Harold Gary||PTS||6||1944–03–08||Scott Hall, Elizabeth, New Jersey|
|Win||25–4–3||Leon Anthony||KO||1 (8)
|1944–03–04||Ridgewood Grove, Brooklyn, New York|
|Win||24–4–3||Nick Calder||KO||4 (8)||1944–02–24||Masonic Hall, Highland Park, New Jersey|
|Loss||23–4–3||Steve Riggio||PTS||6||1944–02–09||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York|
|Win||23–3–3||Phil Enzenga||TKO||5 (8)||1944–01–18||Westchester County Center, White Plains, New York|
|Win||22–3–3||Jerry Pittro||TKO||1 (6)
|1944–01–07||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York|
|Win||21–3–3||Harold Gary||PTS||8||1944–01–04||Grotto Auditorium, Jersey City, New Jersey|
|Win||20–3–3||Milo Theodorescu||TKO||1 (8)
|1943–12–27||Laurel Garden, Newark, New Jersey|
|Win||19–3–3||Freddie Graham||PTS||6||1943–12–06||St. Nicholas Arena, New York City, New York|
|Win||18–3–3||Freddie Graham||PTS||8||1943–11–30||Paterson, New Jersey|
|Loss||17–3–3||Steve Riggio||PTS||6||1943–11–12||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York|
|Draw||17–2–3||Charley McPherson||PTS||6||1943–10–27||Scott Hall, Elizabeth, New Jersey|
|Win||17–2–2||Jimmy Williams||TKO||2 (6)||1943–10–13||Scott Hall, Elizabeth, New Jersey|
|Win||16–2–2||Freddie Graham||KO||1 (8)
|1943–10–05||Broadway Arena, Brooklyn, New York|
|Win||15–2–2||George Wilson||PTS||8||1943–09–21||Broadway Arena, Brooklyn, New York|
|Loss||14–2–2||Joe Agosta||PTS||6||1943–09–10||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York|
|Win||14–1–2||Tony Grey||PTS||6||1943–08–24||Queensboro Arena, Queens, New York|
|Win||13–1–2||Ted Apostoli||PTS||4||1943–08–20||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York|
|Win||12–1–2||Charley McPherson||PTS||6||1943–08–12||Fort Hamilton Arena, Brooklyn, New York|
|Win||11–1–2||Randy Drew||KO||1 (6)
|1943–07–27||Queensboro Arena, Queens, New York|
|Win||10–1–2||George Stevens||KO||1 (6)||1943–07–22||Fort Hamilton Arena, Brooklyn, New York|
|Win||9–1–2||Johnny Atteley||TKO||2 (6)||1943–07–08||Fort Hamilton Arena, Brooklyn, New York|
|Win||8–1–2||Frankie Falco||KO||5 (6)
|1943–06–24||Fort Hamilton Arena, Brooklyn, New York|
|Win||7–1–2||Joe Curcio||TKO||4 (6)
|1943–06–16||Twin City Bowl, Elizabeth, New Jersey|
|Win||6–1–2||Gilberto Vasquez||KO||1 (6)
|1943–06–11||Fort Hamilton Arena, Brooklyn, New York|
|Draw||5–1–2||Lou Miller||PTS||6||1942–05–25||St. Nicholas Arena, New York City, New York|
|Win||5–1–1||Godfrey Howell||KO||4||1942–05–12||Broadway Arena, Brooklyn, New York|
|Win||4–1–1||Eddie Lee||KO||4||1942–05–04||St. Nicholas Arena, New York City, New York|
|Loss||3–1–1||Charles Ferguson||PTS||6||1942–04–28||Broadway Arena, Brooklyn, New York|
|Draw||3–0–1||Godfrey Howell||PTS||4||1942–04–20||St. Nicholas Arena, New York City, New York|
|Win||3–0||Kenny Blackmar||KO||1 (4)||1942–04–14||Broadway Arena, Brooklyn, New York|
|Win||2–0||Mike Mastandrea||KO||3 (4)||1942–04–06||St. Nicholas Arena, New York City, New York|
|Win||1–0||Curtis Hightower||TKO||2 (4)||1942–03–31||Broadway Arena, Brooklyn, New York|
- Alternative birth dates have been cited; however his gravestone states January 1, 1919 and his widow confirmed that this as the correct date
- "The Lineal Middleweight Champions". The Cyber Boxing Zone Encyclopedia.
- Graziano, Rocky; Barber, Rowland (1955). Somebody Up There Likes Me. New York: Simon And Schuster.
- Lardner, Rex (January 1956). "The Improbable Graziano". Sport. Archived from the original on May 29, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
- Berger, Phil (May 23, 1990). "Rocky Graziano, Ex-Ring Champion, Dead at 71". The New York Times.
- Yablonsky, Lewis (1998). Gangsters: Fifty Years of Madness, Drugs, and Death on the Streets of America. NYU Press. p. Introduction, XV.
- Dawson, James P. (March 10, 1945). "Arnold Is Stopped By Graziano In 3D". The New York Times. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
- "Billy Arnold". Philly Boxing History. Archived from the original on 2012-06-05.
- Adams, Val (November 29, 1953). "Rocky Graziano: TV Actor and Ex-Fighter". The New York Times. p. X11. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
- Ebert, Roger. "TONY ROME".
- "Is This the First-Ever 'Best Pizza in NYC' Article?".
- Sussman, Jeffrey (2018-03-08). Rocky Graziano: Fists, Fame, and Fortune. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1538102626.
- SPORTS OF THE TIMES; Leave Your Worry on The Doorstep, The New York Times, May 26, 1990.
- "Rocky Graziano Professional boxing record". BoxRec.com.
| World Middleweight Champion
July 16, 1947– June 10, 1948