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Rochefourchat (French pronunciation: [ʁɔʃ.fuʁʃa]) is a commune in the Drôme department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in southeastern France. In the commune there is a single house, a converted barn, and the ruins of an old castle. The nearest communes to Rochefourchat are Saint-Nazaire-le-Désert, Les Tonils, Pradelle, and Brette.
The church of Saint-Pierre
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Martigny|
|12.74 km2 (4.92 sq mi)|
|• Density||0.078/km2 (0.20/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||600–1,513 m (1,969–4,964 ft) |
(avg. 963 m or 3,159 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
In 1178, the castle of Rocha Forcha was built by the bishops of the arrondissement of Die as a stronghold against the Holy Roman Emperors. It belonged to French lords until the year 1766 when the last one, Lord Rey de Noinville, died. In 1796, a French trader, Pierre Jossaud bought the land surrounding the castle and renamed it Rochefourchat. The commune has been passed down through Jossaud's family.
There is only one permanent inhabitant. This does not, however, make Rochefourchat the least populous French commune, as there are six communes without any inhabitant: they were destroyed and abandoned during World War I, and maintained as administrative subdivisions for memorial reasons.
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