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The Roca Cup (in Spanish: Copa Julio Argentino Roca) was a football competition contested between Argentina and Brazil national teams from 1914 to 1976 on irregular basis.[1] The Copa Roca was the first trophy, official or unofficial, ever won by a Brazilian national team.[2]

Copa Julio A. Roca
Roca cup trophy.png
The trophy awarded to champions
Organising bodyArgentina AFA
Brazil CBF
Founded1914
Abolished1976; 43 years ago (1976)
RegionSouth America
Number of teams2
Last champions Brazil
(1976)
Most successful club(s) Brazil
(8 titles)

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Julio A. Roca, then President of Argentina, donated the trophy

The competition was created by former President of Argentina, General Julio Argentino Roca, in 1913. A football enthusiast, Roca was at the time the Argentine ambassador in Brazil and felt matches between both countries would create a healthy rivalry and help the sport to develop. The Cup would be played each year in a different country, a fact that was actually kept in spite of the many changes to the Cup's format.

Roca donated a trophy to dissident body Federación Argentina de Football ("Argentine Football Federation" – FAF) and it was agreed that the competition would be played for three consecutive years in a single-leg format and the country with two wins would conquer the trophy forever. But in 1915 the FAF merged with Argentine Football Association, and the following matches were not played. In 1922, the Brazilian Football Confederation agreed to play the competition again, which Brazil won for the second time, and thus claimed the Roca Cup ownership, even though Argentina beat them the following year.

In 1938, both football associations, AFA and CBF, accepted to play the competition once again. The format was changed and the trophy would be kept by the most recent winner. In case the first two matches finished in draws or each team had a win, then a third leg had to be played. In January 1939, Argentina got a 5-1 victory in Rio de Janeiro. The following game was packed with incidents and the visiting team left the pitch enraged after the referee awarded a penalty to Brazil. However the home side went on to score a third goal when the Argentine team had already left the field in protest. A third and fourth match were played in São Paulo, giving the victory to Argentina. The 1940 edition was played in Argentina, where Argentina won two matches (6-1 and 5-1) and Brazil won one (2-3).

In 1957's match, at Maracanã, Pelé made his debut in Brazilian National Team, drafted by coach Sylvio Pirillo, where he scored the first of many goals with the Brazilian jersey. From 1940 on, Brazil won every edition, except for the 1971 Cup, when with two draws, the Cup was also declared tied.[3]

List of championsEdit

FinalsEdit

The following list includes all the editions of the Copa Julio A. Roca:[4]

Year Winner Runner-up Score City
1914   Brazil   Argentina 1–0 Buenos Aires
1922 5–1 São Paulo
1923   Argentina   Brazil 2–1 Buenos Aires
1939–40
[note 1]
5–1
2–3
2–2
3–0
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
São Paulo
São Paulo
1940
[note 2]
6–1
2–3
5–1
Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
1945   Brazil   Argentina 3–4
8–0
3–1
São Paulo
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
1957 1–2
5–0
Rio de Janeiro
São Paulo
1960 2–4
4–1 (a.e.t.)
Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
1963 2–3
5–2 (a.e.t.)
São Paulo
Rio de Janeiro
1971   Argentina &   Brazil [note 3] 1–1
2–2
Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
1976   Brazil   Argentina 2–1
2–0
Buenos Aires
Rio de Janeiro

Titles by countryEdit

Team Titles Years won
  Brazil 8 1914, 1922, 1945, 1957, 1960, 1963, 1971 [note 3], 1976
  Argentina 4 1923, 1939, 1940, 1971 [note 3]
Notes
  1. ^ The first two games were held in 1939, and the other two, in February 1940
  2. ^ Games held in March 1940
  3. ^ a b c Title shared so no playoff match was played

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Copa Roca at Museu do Esportes website (Archive, )6 Jul 2011
  2. ^ Antes do penta, a Copa Roca by Cassio Cirpoli on Diario de Pernambuco, 6 May 2011
  3. ^ La Roca sin campeón, El Gráfico n° 2704, Editorial Atlántida, 1971
  4. ^ Copa Roca at RSSSF