Jennifer Carolyn Robin McKinley (born November 16, 1952), known as Robin McKinley, is an American author of fantasy and children's books. Her 1984 novel The Hero and the Crown won the Newbery Medal as the year's best new American children's book.
|Born||Jennifer Carolyn Robin McKinley|
November 16, 1952
Warren, Ohio, US
|Genre||Children's fantasy novels, Bildungsroman, fairy tales|
|Notable awards||Newbery Medal |
World Fantasy Award
|Spouse||Peter Dickinson (1927-2015)|
As of 2015[update], McKinley has written or contributed to twenty books. Her most recent novel is Shadows (2013).
Robin McKinley was born as Jennifer Carolyn Robin McKinley on November 16, 1952 in Warren, Ohio. Her father William McKinley was an officer in the United States Navy and her mother Jeanne Turrell McKinley was a teacher. As a result of her father's changing naval posts, McKinley grew up all over the world, including in California, New York, Japan, and Maine. She was educated at Gould Academy, a preparatory school in Bethel, Maine. McKinley went on to attend college, first at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania in 1970–1972 and later at Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine, where she graduated summa cum laude in 1975.
Robin McKinley lives in Hampshire, England. Her husband was author Peter Dickinson; they were married from 1991 until his death in 2015. They had no children, though Dickinson had children from his first marriage. McKinley currently has two dogs, and her many "obsessions" include learning Japanese, playing the piano, horseback riding, gardening, cooking, and bell ringing.
After graduating from college, she remained in Maine for several years working as a research assistant and later in a bookstore. During this time, she completed her first book, Beauty: A Retelling of the Story of Beauty and the Beast. It was accepted for publication by the first publisher it was sent to and upon publication immediately pushed McKinley to prominence. The book was named an American Library Association Notable Children's Book and an ALA Best Book for Young Adults.
- 1983 Newbery Honor for The Blue Sword.
- 1985 Newbery Medal for The Hero and the Crown.
- 1986 World Fantasy Award for Anthology/Collection for Imaginary Lands, as editor.
- 1998 Phoenix Award Honor Book for Beauty.
- 2004 Mythopoeic Fantasy Award for Adult Literature for Sunshine.
Robin McKinley has written a variety of novels, mostly in the fantasy genre. Several of her novels are her own personal renditions of classic fairy tales with a "feminist twist". These retellings usually feature a strong female protagonist who does not wait to be rescued but instead takes an active role in determining the course of her own life. Beauty and Rose Daughter are both versions of Beauty and the Beast, Spindle's End is the story of Sleeping Beauty, and Deerskin and two of the stories in The Door in the Hedge are based on other folk-tales. Besides adapting classic fairy tales, McKinley wrote her own rendition of the Robin Hood story in her novel The Outlaws of Sherwood.
McKinley has written two novels set in the imaginary land of Damar, The Blue Sword and The Hero and the Crown. Her contribution to the Imaginary Lands anthology and the stories in A Knot in the Grain are also set there.
Her standalone novels include Sunshine, Shadows, and Dragonhaven.
The heroines in McKinley's books reflect certain qualities that she saw in herself as a young woman: clumsiness, plainness, bookishness, and disinterest in the usual social games that involve flirting and dating. In her Newbery Award acceptance speech, she said, "I didn't discover boys because they didn't discover me, and because their standards of discovery seemed to me too odd to be aspired to. They were the ones who got to have adventures, while we got to—well, not have adventures."
McKinley says she writes about strong heroines because she feels very strongly about the potential for girls to be "doing things", and she feels that the selection of fantasy literature featuring girls is scarce and unsatisfactory. According to biographer Marilyn H. Karrenbrock, "McKinley's females do not simper; they do not betray their own nature to win a man's approval. But neither do they take love lightly or put their own desires before anything else. In McKinley's books, the romance, like the adventure, is based upon ideals of faithfulness, duty, and honor."
Children's picture booksEdit
- Rowan (1992), Illustrated by Donna Ruff
- My Father is in the Navy (1992), Illustrated by Martine Gourbalt
- The Stone Fey (1998), Illustrated by John Clapp
- Black Beauty Storybook Edition (1986), Illustrated by Susan Jeffers. Originally by Anna Sewell (1877)
- The Light Princess (1988), Illustrated by Katie Thamer Treheme. Chapter book. Originally by George MacDonald (1864)
- Tales from the Jungle Book (1985), Illustrated by Jos. A. Smith. Contains versions of "Kaa's Hunting", "Mowgli's Brothers", "Tiger! Tiger!" retold by McKinley and based on the short stories by Rudyard Kipling in The Jungle Book (1894).
Stand Alone NovelsEdit
- Beauty: A Retelling of the Story of Beauty and the Beast (1978) - Folktales
- The Outlaws of Sherwood (1988)
- Deerskin (1993)
- Rose Daughter (1997) - Folktales
- Spindle's End (2000) - Folktales
- Sunshine (2003)
- Dragonhaven (2007)
- Chalice (2008)
- Shadows (2013)
Novels in SeriesEdit
Short stories set in Damar include: "The Healer" (1982), "The Stagman" (1984), "The Stone Fey" (1998), "A Pool in the Desert" (2004)
- Pegasus (2010)
- Ebon (forthcoming), Pegasus Book 2
- The Golden Country (forthcoming), Pegasus Book 3 
- 'The Door in the Hedge (1981)
- "The Stolen Princess"
- "The Princess and the Frog"
- "The Hunting of the Hind"
- "The Twelve Dancing Princesses"
- Imaginary Lands (1986), editor and contributor
- "Paper Dragons", by James P. Blaylock
- "The Old Woman and the Storm" by Patricia A. McKillip
- "The Big Rock Candy Mountain" by Robert Westall
- "Flight" by Peter Dickinson
- "Evian Steel" by Jane Yolen
- "Stranger Blood" by P. C. Hodgell
- "The Curse of Igamor" by Michael de Larrabeiti
- "Tam Lin" by Joan D. Vinge
- "The Stone Fey" by Robin McKinley
- 'A Knot in the Grain and Other Stories (1994)
- "The Healer"
- "The Stagman"
- "Touk's House"
- "A Knot in the Grain"
- Water: Tales of Elemental Spirits (2004), by Peter Dickinson and Robin McKinley
- Prologue: The Water Sprite by Robin McKinley and Peter Dickinson
- "The Mermaid Song" by Peter Dickinson
- "The Sea-King's Son" by Robin McKinley
- "Sea Serpent" by Peter Dickinson
- "Water Horse" by Robin McKinley
- "Kraken" by Peter Dickinson
- "A Pool in the Desert" by Robin McKinley
- Fire: Tales of Elemental Spirits (2009), by Peter Dickinson and Robin McKinley
- "Phoenix" by Peter Dickinson
- "Hellhound" by Robin McKinley
- "Firework" by Peter Dickinson
- "Salamander Man" by Peter Dickinson
- "First Flight" by Robin McKinley
(Note: Earth and Air (2012), the third collection in the Elemental Spirits series was written entirely by Peter Dickinson.)
Other collections to which she has contributedEdit
- Elsewhere, Volume II (1982), edited by Terri Windling and Mark Alan Arnold, with "The Healer"
- Elsewhere, Volume III (1984), edited by Terri Windling and Mark Alan Arnold, with "The Stagman"
- Faery! (1985), edited by Terri Windling, with "Touk's House"
- Dragons and Warrior Daughters: Fantasy Stories by Women Writers (1989), edited by Jessica Yates, with "The Healer"
- Masterpieces of Fantasy and Wonder (1989) edited by David G. Hartwell, with "The Princess and the Frog"
- Spells of Enchantment: The Wondrous Fairy Tales of Western Culture (1991), edited by Jack D. Zipes, with "The Princess and the Frog"
- Silver Birch, Blood Moon (The Snow White, Blood Red Anthology Series # 5), 1999, edited by Ellen Datlow and Teri Windling, with "Marsh-Magic"
- The Year's Best Fantasy and Horror: Sixteenth Annual Collection (2003), edited by Ellen Datlow and Terri Windling, with "A Pool in the Desert"
- Lightspeed Magazine, Issue 45 (February 2014), edited by John Joseph Adams, with "Hellhound"
- Imaginary Lands (1986)
- Oz: The Hundredth Anniversary Celebration (2000) by Peter Glassman
- The Phoenix and the Carpet (Five Children # 2; originally published 1904; published with introduction 2012), by E. Nesbit
- Video Interview by Tim Podell of "Good Conversations"! 
- Robin McKinley Interviewed (2004) by Sandy Auden. Found in The Third Alternative #37, Spring 2004, editor Andy Cox
- Author Spotlight: Robin McKinley (2014) by Kevin McNeil. Found in Lightspeed, February 2014, editor John Joseph Adams
- Interviews in Sherwood: Robin McKinley (2002) by Allen W. Wright
Selected scholarly works about McKinleyEdit
- Altmann, Anna E. "Welding Brass Tits on the Armor: An Examination of the Quest Metaphor in Robin McKinley's The Hero and the Crown". Children's Literature in Education 23.3 (Sept. 1992): 143–56. Reprint in CLR 127.
- Cadden, Michael. "The Illusion of Control: Narrative Authority in Robin McKinley's Beauty and The Blue Sword". Mythlore 20.2 (Spring 1994): 16–19. Reprint in CLR 127.
- Cadden, Mike. "Home Is a Matter of Blood, Time, and Genre: Essentialism in Burnett and McKinley". ARIEL 28.1 (Jan. 1997): 53–67. Reprint in CLR 127.
- Hearne, Betsy. "Beauty and the Beast: Visions and Revisions of an Old Tale: 1950–1985". Lion and the Unicorn 12.2 (Dec. 1988): 74–111. Reprint in CLR 127.
- Maryellen, Harris. "Beauty and the Beast: 20th Century Romance?". Merveilles and Contes 3.1 (May 1989): 75–83. Reprint Children's Literature Review. Ed. Scot Peacock. Vol. 81. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Literature Resource Center. Web.[full citation needed] Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- Rutledge, Amelia A. "Robin McKinley's Deerskin: Challenging Narcissisms". Marvels and Tales: Journal of Fairy Tales Studies 15.2 (2001): 168–82. Reprint in CLR 127.
- Sackelman, Ellen R. "More Than Skin Deep: Robin McKinley's Beauty: A Retelling of the Story of Beauty and the Beast". Women in Literature: Reading Through the Lens of Gender. Ed. Jerilyn Fisher and Ellen S. Silber. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2003. 32–34. Reprint in CLR 127.
- Sanders, Lynn Moss. "Girls Who Do Things: The Protagonists of Robin McKinley's Fantasy Fiction". ALAN Review 24.1 (Fall 1996): 38–42. Reprint in CLR 127.
Children's Literature Review. Ed. Tom Burns. Vol. 127. Detroit: Gale, 2008. Literature Resource Center. Web.[full citation needed] Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- Julia Eccleshare. "Peter Dickinson obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
- McKinley, Robin (August 18, 2018). "Happy Birthday Chaos". Retrieved September 12, 2018.
- Karrenbock, Marilyn H. (1986). "(Jennifer) (Carolyn) Robin McKinley". American Writers for Children Since 1960: Fiction. 52.
- "Award Winners & Nominees". World Fantasy Awards. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
- "The Phoenix Award"[permanent dead link] (brochure). ChLA. Retrieved 2013-11-09.
- "Mythopoeic Fantasy Award Winners". Mythopoeic Society. Archived from the original on 10 October 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
- "Robin McKinley". Contemporary Authors Online. Gale. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
- McKinley, Robin (1986). Newbery and Caldecott medal books, 1976-1985 : with acceptance papers, biographies, and related material chiefly from the Horn book magazine. Kingman, Lee,. Boston: Horn Book. pp. 138–140. ISBN 0876750048. OCLC 13861001.
- "Ebon (Pegasus, #2)". Goodreads.
- "The Golden Country (Pegasus, #3)". Goodreads.
- "Summary Bibliography: Robin McKinley". www.isfdb.org.
- "Robin McKinley". goodconversations.com. 2014-08-24. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
- "Robin McKinley -- Interviews in Sherwood". 2017-02-26. Archived from the original on 2017-02-26. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
- Official website
- Robin McKinley at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Robin McKinley at Library of Congress Authorities, with 32 catalog records
- Robin McKinley cover art, novel synopses, reviews
- Interview by Allen W. Wright (2002) at Interviews in Sherwood, about her novel The Outlaws of Sherwood (1988)